Hinduism and Buddhism Develop Chapter 3

Report
Hinduism and
Buddhism
Develop
Chapter 3
section 2
Key Terms
 Reincarnation
 Karma
 Jainism
 Siddhartha
Gautama
 Enlightenment
 Nirvana
Hinduism Evolves Over
Centuries



Collection of religious
beliefs
Not traced back too
a founder
Origin and Beliefs


Liberates the soul
from mistakes,
disappointments
Upanishadainterpret meaning of
hymns
Hinduism Evolves Over
Centuries
 Reincarnation-
rebirth your spirit is
born again until
you achieve
moksha
 Karma-good or
bad deeds follow
someone through
reincarnation
Hinduism and society



Ideas strengthened
the caste system
If born a female or
untouchable it was
because of bad
karma
Only men of the top
three varnas could
achieve moksha
Hinduism and Society
 Caste






system
What you eat
Way to eat it
Cleanliness
Associates
How to dress
Dominates every
aspect of life
New Religions Arise

Jainism



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
Founder Mahavira
The soul
Nothing should be
harmed
Could not work in an
occupation that
could hurt
something
5 million in the world
today
Buddha Seeks Enlightenment


Siddhartha Gautamafounder of Buddhism
Enlightenment-seeking
wisdom



Debated religious
leaders
Fasted on six grains
of rice
49 days of meditation
he received
enlightenment
Buddha Seeks Enlightenment

4 Noble truths

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

Life with suffering
Selfish desire the
cause
End desire , end
suffering
Attain enlightenment
and follow the
eightfold path

Middle way between
desires and self denial
Buddha Seeks Enlightenment

Eightfold path



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
Guide to behavior
Staircase
Master on step at a
time
Occurs over a
lifetime
Nirvana-release of
selfishness and pain
Reincarnation
Rejected the caste
system
The Religious Community




Sangha- first five
disciples who heard
Buddha
Dharmas- Buddhist
doctrine and
teaching
Buddhist laitypeople devoted to
Buddha
Make up the three
jewels
Buddhism and Society





Craftsman and
laborers first followers
Admitted woman
Monks and nuns took
vows
Wandered through
India spreading the
message
Written down shortly
after Buddha’s
death
Buddhism in India



Spread over Asia
Traveled along China’s
trading routes
Small in India


Hinduism absorbed
Buddhism
India important
pilgrimage



His birthplace
Fig tree
Sacred mound
Trade and Spread of
Buddhism
 Traders
played an
important role
 Traveled to China
 Made it the most
widespread
religion of East Asia
 Helped to spread
other cultural
influences

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