Poetry_presentaion

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POETRY
*Structure and form
*Poetic Devices
*Imagery and figurative language
STRUCTURE AND FORM
(TE 554)
Form is the way words and lines are laid out on
page
 A line is the main unit of a poem
 Stanzas are like a paragraph in prose
 Conventional or traditional forms follow fixed
rules for lines or rhythm and rhyme
 Irregular or open forms may rhyme, shapes and
patterns may be unusual
 Free verse is an open form, but does not have
regular patterns of rhyme. May have a rhythm
like everyday speech

STRUCTURE AND FORM
Graphical elements help convey the meaning
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Position and appearance of words
Use of capital letters (TE 524 & 526)
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Line length (TE 520)
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Couplet – A stanza that consists of two rhyming lines
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Triplet – A stanza that consists of three rhyming lines
Quatrain- A stanza that consists of four rhyming lines, which follow a pattern
(AABB, ABAB, ABBA)

Meter – A poem with a repeating pattern (TE 556)
POETIC DEVICES
Rhyme is the repetition of sounds at the ends of
words (TE 556)
 Rhythm is the pattern of stressed and unstressed
syllables in a line (TE 556)
 Repetition repeating of a word, phrase or line
more than once (TE 556)
 Alliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds
at the beginning of words (TE 608)
 Onomatopoeia is the use of words whose sounds
suggest their meaning (TE 557)

IMAGERY AND FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE
Imagery is words and phrases that appeal to the
readers’ senses (TE 562)
 Symbolism is a person, a place, an object, or an
action that stands for something beyond itself (TE

598)
Personification the giving of human qualities to
an animal, object or idea (TE 568)
 Simile a comparison between 2 unlike things
using like or as (TE 558)
 Metaphor is a comparison between 2 unlike
things that does not contain the word like or as
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(TE 558)
RHYME SCHEME
o
o
o
Many poems include rhyme.
The pattern of rhymes at the end of lines is the poems
rhyme scheme.
To describe the rhyme scheme, assign each line a letter,
starting from the first line; assign the same letter to
lines that rhyme.
Jabberwocky” by Lewis Carroll (TE 606)
“Beware the Jabberwock my son! a
The jaws that bite, the claws that catch! b
Beware the Jubjub bird, and shun a
The frumious Bandersnatch!” b
DIFFERENT KINDS OF POETRY
Haiku

Japanese poem 17 syllables (5-7-5) in 3 lines
Spider web shining
Tangled on the grass with dew
Waiting quietly
TE 596
DIFFERENT KINDS OF POETRY
Limerick

A short, humorous poem composed of 5 lines
(aabba rhyme scheme). It typically has a singsong rhythm. (TE610)
Narrative Poem

A poem that tells a story and has characters, a
setting and a plot. (TE 584)

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