Ch. 7 The Presidency Section 1 Ch. 7, sec. 1 The Presidential Office • Essential Questions: – What are the roles of the president? – What are the qualifications and terms of the office of the presidency? – What is the order of presidential succession? Roles of the President: • • • • • • • chief executive commander in chief chief agenda setter representative of the nation chief of state foreign-policy leader political party leader Qualifications and terms of the office of the presidency: • • • • be native-born U.S. citizen be at least 35 year old have been a U.S. resident for at least 14 years can serve two four-year terms Order of the presidential succession: • • • • vice president Speaker of the House of Representatives president pro tempore of the Senate cabinet members, in the order of their department’s establishment Ch. 7, sec. 2 Presidential Powers • Essential Questions: – What are the president’s executive and foreignpolicy powers? – What judicial and legislative powers does the president have? – How has presidential power grown over the years? The president’s executive powers: • executing laws – executive orders • appointing key officials • executive privilege – refusal to give Congress info. it has requested The president’s foreign-policy powers: • making treaties - alliances • making executive agreements • diplomatic recognition The president’s judicial powers: • appointing Supreme Court justices • appointing federal judges • granting reprieves, pardons, and commutations Military Powers • Committing troops – not conventional warfare – helping restore democracy, keep peace • War Powers Act – troops must be removed within 90 days. The president’s legislative powers: • recommending legislation • vetoing legislation • lobbying members of Congress The growth of presidential power: • • • • • • has become a symbol of federal authority has become a focus of the U.S. political system has become a representative of the people has an increased role in foreign affairs has increased expressed powers has a stronger public presence and role in shaping public interest • has increased legislative power Ch. 7, section 3 Presidential Nomination and Election • Essential Questions: – What is the presidential college? – How are presidential candidates chosen? – How are convention delegates chosen? – What is the format for national conventions? Presidential Nomination and Election • The electoral college is a body of electors chosen by the states to vote for president and vice president. How presidential candidates are chosen: • Parties hold national conventions, where delegates nominate candidates. How convention delegates are chosen: • Party members select delegates in presidential primaries. Format for national conventions • • • • speeches approving the party platform floor demonstrations by delegates state-by-state roll call Chapter Wrap-up • 1. What are the benefits of being president? • 2. Describe the roles of the president. Do you think any are more important than others? • 3. What are the president’s five main powers? Give an example of each. • 4. What are some examples of how presidential power has grown over the years? • 5. How are presidential and vice presidential candidates nominated? • 6. What is the electoral college, and why has it sometimes been criticized?