Paired Texts “Would We Be Killed?” “Life on the Rez” Common Core Focus: Main Idea and Text-Based Evidence and Supporting Details Main Idea of Section 1 and Details • Although they were wary of white men, Sioux leaders allowed the white men to take their children to save them. – 1879 traveled from the Dakotas to Pennsylvania – Ota Kte was one example of a Native child who was removed from his family – Education was their only hope of survival – Children were scared and even feared death – They feared the white men because history had shown them that they should “never trust white men” (disease, seized land) Main Idea of Section 2 and Details • Henry Pratt felt that the only chance of Native survival was to educate them. – Native population went from 1.5 million to 250,000 in less than 100 years – Pratt felt that Native children deserved the same education that white children received – This education included abandoning their tribal ways – “Kill the Indian – save the man” Main Idea 3 and Details • Children were forced to undergo major changes at the American schools. – Had to learn English and recite Christian prayers • Were even beaten (strapped) if they did not speak English • They had to cut their hair and give up their Native dress – Were given itchy wool uniforms and hard leather boots (replaced their moccasins and native robes) • Change names – Education was rigorous, and they learned trades like shoemaking – Obedience was forced upon them (harsh discipline) – Ota Kte was like a “warrior saving his people” – Eventually, sending children to these boarding schools was mandatory and not optional Main Idea 4 and Details • Although the boarding schools closed by 1918, the children who attended were forever changed. – Native parents wanted their children to retain their culture; therefore, they pulled them out of the schools and brought them home – Ota Kte, as well as many others, felt they did not fit in when they returned to their tribes/families – Ota Kte eventually used his “civilized” skills to help his people “Life on the ‘Rez’” Main Idea 1 • Many people have misconceptions about Native American life which must be clarified. – Growing up on a reservation is similar to modern American life • Running water, electricity, television – Reservation residents support each other – Lovers of nature like others in America who live in rural communities • Shanice’s family owns five acres of land with a garden and 23 animals Main Idea 2 with Details • Shanice enjoys learning traditions from her tribe. – Beadwork, weaving, “gigging” – Speaking in Native tongue (language) to pass along traditions – Responsible hunting practices (only kill what you can eat; never kill a doe) Section 3 and Details • Preserving traditions is important. – Shanice does not want the scary history of Natives to be repeated. – Traditional ceremonies are being preserved and practiced. • Big Time • Indian Days • Native dress (regalia) is worn at these ceremonies. Main Idea 4 and Details • While Natives preserve their culture, they also value a modern education as well as sharing their traditions with outsiders. – Shanice left the “Rez” to attend the University of California, Davis, where the Native population is extremely small – She is sharing aspects of her own culture (deer jerky and slang expressions) and she often wears her beadwork. – She is learning about other cultures (ate sushi) – She dreams of being a veterinarian to help her people (one does not exist on her reservation) – She hopes to inspire her siblings to attend college and be successful as well.