The Parts of a Cell: Football Style By: Kayla Jones Accelerated Chemistry A Cell is like a Football Team… • In order for your cell to function correctly, you have to have every part, just like a Football Team. The Head Coach is like the Nucleus… • Both the Head Coach and the Nucleus control a group. For the Coach it would be the team and for the Nucleus it would be the cell. Assistant Coaches are like the Cell Membrane… • The Assistant Coaches help the Head Coach decide which players need to go in and out of the game. The Cell Membrane helps decide what proteins goes in and out of the Nucleus. The Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) acts like a Quarterback… • The Quarterback has the package (ball) and he hands the package off to the Running Back or throws to the Wide Receiver to move through the Defense (Cell). Just like the ER packages proteins to move through the cell. The Cell Wall is like the Offensive Linemen… • The Cell wall gives protection, support, and structure to the cell parts. In football, the Offensive Linemen have to protect the Quarterback, and support his pass to the Wide Reciever. The Golgi Apparatus is like a Running Back… • The Golgi must package and ship proteins to the other cell parts. A Running Back must catch the ball and package it by tucking it in his arm and ship it to the in-zone. The Mitochondrion are like the Fans and Cheerleaders… • In the cell, the Mitochondrion is the “power house”, it provides energy for the cell. This is known as cell respiration. The Fans and Cheerleaders, motivate the players and act as a form of energy when they’re playing on the field. This is called “getting pumped”. The Vacuole is like a Water boy… • The Water boy is in charge of keeping the water and in some cases, snacks available at all times. After the players are finished they must pick up the waste and store it in the trash can. Vacuoles store waste, food, and water just like water boys. The Ribosome is like Gatorade… • Gatorade has a source of proteins within the drink. This provides the players an ability to use those proteins and play longer. The Ribosome does this for a cell. It provides proteins for the cell to operate correctly. Plant and Animal Cell Comparison: Plant • Cell walls are located around the cell for structure and protection. • Photosynthesis occurs in this cell due to having chloroplasts. • A plant cell is box shaped due to the rigid wall. • Plant cells are green due to the chloroplast that has to be present in order for photosynthesis to occur. • The plant cell has one large central vacuole. Animal • Cytoskeletons are within a cell, this provides them with structure and support. • Animal cells don’t have a chloroplast. • Only cell respiration occurs within the Animal cell. • Can be any shaped but corners are rounded. • Animal cells are usually white or pink because they are blood cells. • An Animal cell has many, small vacuoles.