Integrated Civilian-Military Campaign Plan for Afghanistan

Report
United States Government
Integrated Civilian-Military Campaign Plan
for Afghanistan
Revision 1
Master Brief
February 2011
Intent
Purpose: The ICMCP provides strategic guidance from the U.S. Chief of Mission and
the Commander of U.S. Forces-Afghanistan to U.S. personnel on how to focus and
execute this mission through 2014.
UNAMA
GIRoA
U.S. Mission
&
USFOR-A
ISAF
(USG
Elements)
UNCLASSIFIED
ISAF
&
NATO
Bi-lateral
2
Strategic Context
2009
•
•
•
March: The President’s Strategy for Afghanistan is announced
August: USG Integrated Civ-Mil Campaign Plan signed by CoM and CDRUSFOR-A
December: President Obama delivers West Point speech announcing civilian
uplift/troop surge
2010
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
April: ROC Drill
June: ISAF and Mission commence ISAF and Civ-Mil Campaign Plan reviews
July: Kabul Conference and ANDS Prioritization and Implementation Plan released
October: IJC OPOMID revision signed/ROC Drill
November: Lisbon Conference and ongoing transition discussions
December: Afghanistan-Pakistan Annual Review
January: ISAF Campaign Plan 38302 revision
February 2011: USG Integrated Civ-Mil Campaign Plan, Revision 1, is signed by COM
and CDR USFOR-A
UNCLASSIFIED
3
Guidance for the ICMCP Revision
•
Ensure ICMCP supports GIRoA objectives and priorities
•
Articulate the process for Transition as defined by the Inteqal Framework
•
Review and prioritize key Campaign Objectives
(Transformative Effects)
•
Describe the plan’s relationship to existing
regional, provincial, and district plans
•
Outline a broad framework for ICMCP execution
•
Describe the regional framework
•
Outline a metrics and assessments process to
measure progress
•
ICMCP Structure:
I.
Purpose
II.
Strategic Situation
III. National Approach
IV. Transition
V.
Campaign Objectives
VI. Sub-National Approach
Work to closely unify USG efforts with ISAF
UNCLASSIFIED
VII. Civ-Mil Integrating Instructions
VIII. Measuring Progress
IX. Annexes
4
Sources of Guidance
US Policy toward
Afghanistan and Pakistan
SHAPE/JFC-B/ISAF/IJC
OPLANS
ANDS
UNSCR 1917
DoS AfPak Regional
Stabilization Strategy
UNCLASSIFIED
Directs
Informs
Unifies
5
Plan Overview
U.S. Strategic Goal: Disrupt, dismantle, and defeat al Qaeda in Afghanistan and Pakistan,
and to prevent its capacity to threaten America and our allies in the future.
Measure Progress
ICMCP Campaign Statement: The U.S. Mission and U.S. Forces in Afghanistan, in
partnership with ISAF and the international community, enable the Afghan
government and its people to:
• counter the insurgency and prevent the use of Afghan territory by international terrorists,
• build a state that is accountable and responsive to its people, and
• establish a foundation for longer-term development.
13 Campaign Objectives through 2014
with priority sub-objectives (focus of efforts for next 12-18 months)
South
Southwest
East
North
West
Transition: “A journey to self-reliance”
Capital
6
Transition
For Afghans, transition is a “journey to self-reliance:”
• Security Operations:
international lead  GIRoA lead
• Development:
stability programming  sustainable development
• PRT Evolution:
military-led  civilian-led standard development models
• Assistance:
donor-driven programs  on-budget donor assistance
• Detentions:
gradual shift to GIRoA lead
• PSCs:
gradual shift to ANSF-led security
Transition is not an objective in and of itself, but a conditions-driven
process and a necessary step on the way to success.
UNCLASSIFIED
7
2014 Campaign Objectives
SECURITY
GOVERNANCE
DEVELOPMENT
Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (GIRoA) Clusters
• Security
• Governance
• Agriculture & Rural Dev
• Human Resource Development
• Economic & Infrastructure Dev
• Private Sector Development
ISAF Lines of Operation
• Protect the Population
• Support Development of ANSF
• Neutralize Insurgent Networks
• Support Legitimate Governance
• Neutralize Criminal Patronage
Networks
•Support Socio-Economic
Development
ICMCP Campaign Objectives
Cross-cutting Objectives: Claiming the Information Initiative, Improving the Status of Women, Reconciliation &
Reintegration
1)
2)
3)
Secure the Population
Action Against Irreconcilables
Countering Narcotics and
Illicit Finance
1)
2)
3)
4)
Access to Justice
Expand Effective,
Representative and
Accountable Governance
Countering Corruption
Electoral Reform and
Continuity of Governance
1)
2)
3)
Agricultural Opportunity and
Market Access
Advancing Livelihoods and
Sustainable Jobs
Border Access for Commerce
not Insurgents
8
2014 Campaign Objectives:
Cross-Cutting
Reconciling and Reintegrating Ex-Combatants
Political and legal conditions for peace and reconciliation encourage combatants
and commanders to live within the laws of Afghanistan and create incentives for
their constructive reintegration into society.
Claiming the Information Initiative
Government and community leadership communicate a common vision of hope
and progress to the Afghan people, decreasing misinformation, and increasing
resistance to insurgent influence.
Improving the Status of Women
Afghan women have improved access to health care, education, economic
opportunity, the political system, and justice.
UNCLASSIFIED
9
2014 Campaign Objectives:
Security
Improving the Status of Women
Claiming the Information Initiative
Reconciling and Reintegrating Ex-Combatants
Campaign Objectives:
Secure the Population
Afghan National Security Forces provide security
for the population, reducing violence and coercion
by insurgents and criminals, and increasing
popular trust in the security forces and, in turn,
GIRoA.
Action Against Irreconcilables
Irreconcilable insurgent leaders and networks are
neutralized to a level manageable for the ANSF
and rejected by the Afghan population, limited in
their destabilizing influence, and denied safe
havens in Afghanistan.
Countering Narcotics and
Illicit Finance
Key nodes within the nexus of criminals, narcotics,
and illicit finance are identified and disrupted,
depriving the insurgency of funding, and bolstering
GIRoA legitimacy.
UNCLASSIFIED
10
2014 Campaign Objectives:
Governance
Improving the Status of Women
Claiming the Information Initiative
Reconciling and Reintegrating Ex-Combatants
Campaign Objectives:
Access to Justice
Traditional and formal justice sectors are
increasingly available, accessible, and seen as
legitimate by Afghans.
Expand Effective, Representative,
and Accountable Governance
Strengthened institutions of governance are
durable, inclusive, accountable, and responsive to
the Afghan people.
Countering Corruption
Improved transparency, accountability, and
regulatory mechanisms combat a culture of
impunity and improve the government’s
legitimacy.
Electoral Reform and Continuity
of Governance
GIRoA manages an electoral process that is
inclusive, transparent, and legitimate, and evolves
in ways suited to Afghanistan’s political
maturation.
UNCLASSIFIED
11
2014 Campaign Objectives:
Development
Improving the Status of Women
Claiming the Information Initiative
Reconciling and Reintegrating Ex-Combatants
Campaign Objectives:
Agricultural Opportunity and
Market Access
Viable agricultural employment and market
development provide alternatives to poppy
cultivation and insurgent-related activities.
Advancing Livelihoods and
Sustainable Jobs
Improvements in the business-enabling
environment and support for small and medium
enterprises create jobs in population centers
and economic corridors while social sector
development enhances human capital.
Cross-border Access for
Commerce Not Insurgents
GIRoA develops its border management
capacities, promotes economic development
and trade, deters illicit transactions, and
improves security in border areas.
UNCLASSIFIED
12
2014 Campaign Objective Pages
Campaign Objective
(Written as the desired state in 2014)
Current Situation
Theory of Change
(From Current Situation to Objective, including
planning assumptions)
Linkages to GIRoA Priorities
Sub-Objectives
Impact Metrics
Linkages to GIRoA, ISAF,
Partner, and other Sector
Strategies and Plans
13
2014 Sub-National Pages
Situation Analysis
Map
Regional Approach
Linkages to National Priorities
Geographic Information
Linkages to GIRoA, IC, and other
Regional Plans
14
Annexes
Description of key US, international and GIRoA
entities
Organization
Structures &
Roles
Thorough discussion of “T” and “t” transition
Transition
Comprehensive Civ-Mil Strategies w/ Metrics and
Connections to Civ-Mil Working Groups
Campaign
Objective
Strategies
Civ-Mil Linkages
Cross-walk to Performance Management
Plan and Mission Operational Plan
Objectives
Crosswalk
Assessment Methodology
Metrics
Framework
Foreign
Assistance
Priorities
Field
Guidance
USG Foreign Assistance
Efforts
Civ-Mil Field Guidance
15
Campaign Objectives and Civ-Mil Working Groups
Campaign Objectives:
Security
National-level Working Groups:
Control Criminality,
Narcotics & Illicit Finance
Cross-cutting
Secure the Population
Illicit Finance WG
Take Action Against
Irreconcilables
Enable Afghan Peace and
Reintegration
Population Security WG
Reintegration WG
Counter-Narcotics WG
Governance
Development
Combined sector assessment
Increase Agricultural
Development & Market
Access
Improve Livelihoods &
Create Sustainable Jobs
Border Access for
Commerce not
Insurgents
Agriculture and Rural
Development WG
Economic & Financial
Policy WG
Border Coordination &
Border Issues WG
Claim the Information
Initiative
Information Initiatives WG
Infrastructure WG
Improve Status of
Women
Investing in People WG
Gender Policy WG
Expand Effective and
Accountable Governance
Support Electoral
Processes and Reform
Governance WG
Elections WG
Combined sector assessment
Expand Access to Justice
RoL Deputies Committee
UNCLASSIFIED
Countering Corruption
Anti-Corruption WG
16
Working Group Linkages to the EWG and Principals Group
Principals Group
Chairs: COM, COMISAF
Executive Working
Group
Chairs: CDDEA & DDCOS STAB
Border Coordination
Population Security
Counternarcotics
Illicit Finance
Security
Infrastructure
Rule of Law
Agriculture Policy
Anti-Corruption
Gender Policy
Reintegration
Econ & Financial
Policy
Elections
Health & Education
Governance
Development
Governance
Info Initiatives
Cross-Cutting
17

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