Assessment of Ability testing, Behavior & Personality

Assessment of Ability testing,
Behavior & Personality
What School Counselors Must Know
Intelligence and General Ability
(Aptitude) Testing
• What are Aptitude Tests?
• History
• Cattell’s Fluid and Crystal Intelligence
Common Assessment Practices
• Aptitude-Achievement Discrepancy
• Response to Intervention
Group Intelligence Tests:
– Tests of Cognitive Skills, second edition (TCS/2)– Primary Test of Cognitive Skills (PTCS)– In View– Otis-Lennon School Ability Test, 8th edition (PLSAT8)
– Cognitive Abilities Test, Form 6 (CogAT)
Individual Aptitude/Intelligence Tests
• Weschler Intelligence Scale for Children, 4th edition
(WISC-IV)• The Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of
Intelligence-3rd edition (WPPSI-III)
• The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-3rd edition
(WAIS-III)• Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales, 5th edition (SB5)• Woodcock-Johnson III Tests of Cognitive Ability (WJIII)Designed for individuals 2 to 90 years of age.
• Reynolds Intellectual Assessment Scales (RIAS)
College Admissions Tests
• Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT)-
• American College Test (ACT)-
Assessment of Behavior and
• Maximum Performance Tests• Typical Response Tests–History
–Response Sets
Structured Personality Inventories or
Objective Personality Tests
• Minnesota Multiphasic Personality
Inventory 2:
• NEO Personality Inventory-R:
• Myers-Briggs Type Indicator:
Behavior Rating Scales
• What are they?
• Some draw backs with parent and teacher
• What are they best at diagnosing?
Some Popular Scales
• Behavior Assessment System for Children,
Second Edition (BASC-2)
• Conners’ Rating Scales, Third Edition (CRS-3)
• Child behavior Checklist and Teacher Report
Form (CBCL and TRF)
– What is an omnibus rating scale?
– What is comorbidity?
Self Report Measures
• What are they?
• What are they good at assessing?
The Most Popular Self Reporting
• BASC-2
• Youth Self Report
Projective Techniques
• Rorschach Inkblot test-
• Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)• Rotter Incomplete Sentence Blank-
Projective Drawings
• Draw-A-Person Test (DAP).
• House-Tree-Person (H-T-P)
• Kinetic Family Drawing (KFD).
• Standardized Intelligence Tests
What are they designed to do?
How are they different from Achievement tests?
Aptitude-achievement discrepancy analysis
RtI model
Individual Intelligence tests
Group Intelligence tests
• Public Law 94-142 and subsequent legislation
require that schools provide special education
services to students with emotional disorders.
• How do we identify these students?
– Behavior Rating Scales
– Self Report measures
– Projective Techniques
• Whiston, S. C. (2008). Principles and applications of
assessment in counseling (3rd ed.). Belmont, CA:
• Neukrug, E., & Fawcett, R. (2010). Essentials of testing
and assessment: a practical guide for counselors, social
workers, and psychologists / Edward S. Neukrug, R.
Charles Fawcett. Australia ; Belmont, CA :
Thomas/Brooks/Cole, c2010.
• Reynolds, C. R., Livingston, R. B., & Wilson, V. (2009).
Measurement and Assessment in Education (2nd ed.).
New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc.

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