Assessment of Ability testing, Behavior & Personality What School Counselors Must Know Intelligence and General Ability (Aptitude) Testing • What are Aptitude Tests? • History • Cattell’s Fluid and Crystal Intelligence Common Assessment Practices • Aptitude-Achievement Discrepancy Analysis • Response to Intervention Group Intelligence Tests: – Tests of Cognitive Skills, second edition (TCS/2)– Primary Test of Cognitive Skills (PTCS)– In View– Otis-Lennon School Ability Test, 8th edition (PLSAT8) – Cognitive Abilities Test, Form 6 (CogAT) Individual Aptitude/Intelligence Tests • Weschler Intelligence Scale for Children, 4th edition (WISC-IV)• The Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-3rd edition (WPPSI-III) • The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-3rd edition (WAIS-III)• Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales, 5th edition (SB5)• Woodcock-Johnson III Tests of Cognitive Ability (WJIII)Designed for individuals 2 to 90 years of age. • Reynolds Intellectual Assessment Scales (RIAS) College Admissions Tests • Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT)- • American College Test (ACT)- Assessment of Behavior and Personality • Maximum Performance Tests• Typical Response Tests–History –Response Sets Structured Personality Inventories or Objective Personality Tests • Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory 2: • NEO Personality Inventory-R: • Myers-Briggs Type Indicator: Behavior Rating Scales • What are they? • Some draw backs with parent and teacher responders • What are they best at diagnosing? Some Popular Scales • Behavior Assessment System for Children, Second Edition (BASC-2) • Conners’ Rating Scales, Third Edition (CRS-3) • Child behavior Checklist and Teacher Report Form (CBCL and TRF) – What is an omnibus rating scale? – What is comorbidity? Self Report Measures • What are they? • What are they good at assessing? The Most Popular Self Reporting Measures • BASC-2 • Youth Self Report Projective Techniques • Rorschach Inkblot test- • Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)• Rotter Incomplete Sentence Blank- Projective Drawings • Draw-A-Person Test (DAP). • House-Tree-Person (H-T-P) • Kinetic Family Drawing (KFD). Summary • Standardized Intelligence Tests • • • • • • What are they designed to do? How are they different from Achievement tests? Aptitude-achievement discrepancy analysis RtI model Individual Intelligence tests Group Intelligence tests Summary • Public Law 94-142 and subsequent legislation require that schools provide special education services to students with emotional disorders. • How do we identify these students? – Behavior Rating Scales – Self Report measures – Projective Techniques Resources • Whiston, S. C. (2008). Principles and applications of assessment in counseling (3rd ed.). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole. • Neukrug, E., & Fawcett, R. (2010). Essentials of testing and assessment: a practical guide for counselors, social workers, and psychologists / Edward S. Neukrug, R. Charles Fawcett. Australia ; Belmont, CA : Thomas/Brooks/Cole, c2010. • Reynolds, C. R., Livingston, R. B., & Wilson, V. (2009). Measurement and Assessment in Education (2nd ed.). New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc.