Reference List - Gavilan College

Gavilan College Writing Center
Title Pages and Reference Lists
Presentation Overview
• Why APA?
• Formatting Title Pages
• Formatting Reference Lists
• Resources
Why APA?
Different professions use different manuals
Modern Language Association (MLA)
• English Studies
• Foreign Language and Literatures
American Psychological Association (APA)
• Social Sciences (Psychology, Sociology, Communications, etc.)
• Nursing
Chicago Style
• History
• Arts
• Sciences
Title Page Format
• Running head
• 50 characters or less
• Flush left
• All caps
• Page number
• Top right corner
• Title
• Centered on upper
half of page
• Author’s name
• School name
Body Page Format
• Running head
• Flush left
• All caps
• Without the words
“Running head”
• Page number
• Top right corner
Crediting Sources
• Crediting sources gives an author or resource credit for
original information. Crediting sources in your paper
includes two parts:
• In-Text Citations: When you present information in the body of
your paper, you briefly identify its source.
• Reference List: On a separate page at the end of your paper, you
write a detailed list of the sources cited in your paper.
• The in-text citations and reference list should credit the
exact same sources.
Gavilan College Writing Center
Reference List Format
• Starts on a new page
• Title: References
• Centered
• No other changes to
• ½ inch hanging indent
• Double spaced
• Alphabetized
Alphabetical Order
Reference Entry
Basic: By last
Basham, C. (n.d.).
Gee, J. P. (2005).
Multiple entries by
same author:
Earliest first
Kaplan, R. B. (1966).
Kaplan, R. B. (1988).
Multiple entries by
same author in
same year: By title
Hughes, C. (2005a). Adolescence and parental…
Hughes, C. (2005b). Effects of parental neglect on…
Different authors
Light, L. (2008).
with same last
Light, M. (2006).
name: By first intital
No author: By title
Office of institutional research. (n.d.)
• A reference entry generally includes the following four
elements in this order:
Author’s name
Date of publication
Title of the work
Publication information
Author’s Name
Reference Entry
1 Author
Gee, J. P.
2 Authors
Verhaak, L., & de Haan, E.
3-7 Authors
Yoshida, T., Taga, C., Matsumoto, Y., & Fukui, K.
8+ Authors
Gilbert, D. G., McClernon, J. F., Rabinovich, N. E.,
Sugai, C., Plath, L. C., Asgaard, G., … Botros, N.
Group as Author
University of Pittsburgh.
No Author
Six sites meet for comprehensive anti-gang initiative
Publication Date
Reference Entry
Book, Journal
(2008, June 5).
(2008, June).
(2008, June/July).
(2008, Summer).
No Publication
Title of Work
Reference Entry
Article or Chapter
Peer victimization in children with obsessivecompulsive disorder: Relations with symptoms of
Periodical (Journal, British Journal of Psychology.
Discourse analysis: Theory and method.
The history of the Supreme Court.
Publication Information
Reference Entry
New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Pretoria, South Africa: Unisa.
Periodical (Journal, British Journal of Psychology, 97(1), 95-114.
Example: Book
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work. Location:
Example: Edition of a Book
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work (Xxx ed.).
Location: Publisher.
Example: Chapter in an Edited Book
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In E. E.
Editor (Ed.), Title of book (pp. xx-xx). Location:
Example: Article in a Journal
Author, A., & Author, B. (Year of publication). Title of article.
Title of Journal, volume number(issue number), 10-20.
Electronic Sources
• Use the same four elements (author’s name, publication
date, title of work, and publication information) in the
same order.
• Add electronic retrieval information at the end of your
• Use a DOI (digital object identifier) if available. Before the DOI
• If no DOI is given, use a URL (uniform resource locator). Before the
URL write: Retrieved from
Example: eBook
With DOI:
• Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work [version].
Location: Publisher.
Without DOI:
• Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work [version].
Location: Publisher. Retrieved from http://Webaddress
• Author, A. A. (n.d.). Title of work. Location: Publisher.
Retrieved from http://Webaddress
Example: Website
• Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of
document. Retrieved from http://Web address
Example: Electronic Article with DOI
• Use the same format as a print journal
• At the end of the reference, add the DOI
• Found on the first page of an electronic journal article or on the
database retrieval page for the article
Database Retrieval
• Do not include retrieval date or database information
• Use the same format as other articles
• Use DOI or URL
Example: Electronic Article without DOI
• If DOI is not available, include journal homepage URL
• Before the URL write: Retrieved from
Let’s Practice
• You find an article by searching on EBSCO Host and this
is the page that comes up…
Gavilan College Writing Center
Let’s Practice
• Your reference entry should look like this:
• Bickel, W. K. (2012). The emerging new science of
psychopathology. Addiction, 107(10), 1738-1739.
Resources: APA Manual (6th Edition)
Rules of Thumb
A Writer’s Reference
Gavilan College Writing Center
Gavilan College Writing Center
• Writing Assistants trained to guide you through citing
sources and formatting a reference list
Computers available to access research databases
Helpful advice for APA reference books and websites
Schedule an appointment or drop in
Hours: Monday thru Thursday 8:00 AM – 5:00 PM
Friday 8:00 AM-1:00 PM

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