Jean Watson PhD, RN, AHN

Dr. Jean Watson’s Theory
Presented By:
•Kimberly Proux
•Gail Koenig
•Rita Daniels
Personal Information
Born Margaret Jean Harman Watson
1961 Married Douglas Watson
1963 welcomed daughter Jennifer
1967 second daughter Julie was born
Jean Watson has five grandchildren
(Nursing Theorists, 2010, pp 91-92)
Formal Education
1969-73 Ph.D. Educational Psychology and Counseling
University of Colorado, Boulder, CO
1969-70 Graduate study: Social and Clinical psychology
University of Colorado, Graduate School, Boulder, CO
1964-66 M.S. psychiatric mental-health nursing ;
Minor : psychology
University of Colorado Medical Center, Denver, CO
1962-64 B.S. nursing
University of Colorado, Boulder, CO
1958-61 R.N. Diploma in nursing
Lewis-Gale School of Nursing, Roanoke, VA
Watson Caring Science Institute. (2009). Educated. Retrieved from http//
Various Accomplishments
In the 1980’s established the original Center for Human Caring
2008 founded the Watson Caring Science Institute
Authored 10 books, shared in the authorship of 5 other books
Written countless articles in nursing articles
Featured in at least 20 nationally distributed audio tapes, videos, and/or CD’s
• Distinguished professor of Nursing
• Endowed Chair of Caring Science
• Dean of Nursing University of Colorado Health Sciences Center
(Nursing Theorists, pp. 92-93)
Highlights of Awards and Honors
Kellogg Fellowship in Australia
Fulbright Research Award in Sweden
Fetzer Institute Norman Cousins Award
She holds three honorary doctoral degrees
Five international honorary doctorates.
(nursing Theorists, pp. 92-93)
It was an honor to meet
Jean Watson
“Watson uses interchangeably the terms human being, person, life, personhood, & self.
She views the person as a unity of mind/body/spirit & nature.”
(Nursing Theorists, p. 99)
“Healing spaces can be used to help others transcend illness, pain, and suffering,”
Watson emphasizes that environment and person are connected.
(Nursing Theorists, p. 99)
Watson defined health as “unity and harmony within the mind, body, & soul”.
(Nursing Theorists, p. 99)
Unity &
According to Watson, the word Nurse is both
noun and verb.
(Nursing Theorists p. 98)
Humanistic, altruistic
values, practice of loving
kindness and equanimity
(evenness of temper even
under stress) with self and
Enabling faith and
hope, being present
Sensitivity to self and
others ongoing
spiritual development
authentic, trusting,
caring, relationships
Allowing of positive
and/or negative
Creative problem
Caring Process
Relational Teaching
Learning Inner
Subjective Meaning
Creating Healing
Being/becoming the
caritas field
Assistance with basic
needs offers the
opportunity to connect with
the patient.
Open to Existential
Spiritual Unknowns
Clinical Enhancements
•A moral commitment in protecting and enhancing
human dignity.
•A nurses caring consciousness and relationship with
the patient has the potential to heal combined with the
curative factors.
•A regard for the patient’s perspective about their own
healthcare concerns.
•Caring moments with patient’s can “expand human
capabilities” promoting healing of the whole person.
Expressions of Caring
• Introduce yourself
• Focus on the patient
• Be engaged
• Give clear information to decrease
• Encourage patient expression
• Give good physical care
• Help patient establish realistic goals
“The Rest of the Story” or
• How are you feeling?
• What are your expectations?
• How has your health been?
• Where do you see yourself after the Surgery?
• What are your health priorities?
• What is most important to you?
Examines the model
within the context of nursing education
“It is when we include caring and loving in our sciences, we discover our
caring healing professions are much more than a detached scientific
endeavor, but a life-giving and life-receiving endeavor for humanity”
(Watson, 2005, p 3)
“Academic structures and departments in Scandinavian countries named
“Caring Science” (Watson, p. 17)
Two international journals with a focus on Caring: Scandinavian Journal of
Caring Science and International Journal of Human Caring (Watson, p. 17)
International Professional Organization: International Association of
Human Caring (IAHC) celebrated its 25th years in 2003
(Watson, p. 17)
“Caring Science”: The Science of Caring Research Publications (University
Of California, San Francisco, School of Nursing), over 15 years old” (in 2003)
(Watson, p.17)
Examines the current research status
of the model
Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Denmark, Finland, Germany,
Iceland, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Korea, Kuwait, Mexico, New Zealand,
Norway, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Spain,
Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, United Kingdom, United States,
Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Illinois, Indiana,
Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska,
New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota,
Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia,
Washington, West Virginia, Wyoming
Western Michigan University, Bronson School of Nursing
Identifies strengths of the model
Watson states “caring can and still must be honored as a
core value, knowledge, and moral-ethical foundation for
disciplinary knowledge development and practices
related to healing and wholeness.” (Fawcett, 2002)
“The core of the human caring theory is about human
caring relationship and the deeply human experiences of
life itself, not just health-illness phenomena, as
traditionally defined within medicine (Watson, 2002a,
2002b) (Fawcett, 2002)
Identifies limitations of the model
Watson’s “theory does not lend itself easily to
research conducted through traditional
scientific methods” (Alligood, 2010, p. 102)
“Critics of Watson’s work have concentrated
on the use of undefined or changing/shifting
definitions and terms and her focus on the
psychosocial rather than the
pathophysiological aspects of nursing”
(Alligood, 2010, p. 101)
In Summary…
Please take this opportunity to view
Jean Watson’s inspirational video
•American Psychological Association.
(2010) Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.).
Washington DC: Author.
•Cara, Chantal. (2003). A pragmatic View of Jean Watson’s Caring Theory.
International Journal for Human Caring. (2003) 7(3), 51-61.
Text also from Jean Watson’s Website
•Fawcett, Jacqueline. (2002). The Nurse Theorists: 21st Century Updates – Jean Watson.
Nursing Science Quarterly. (15)3, 214-219.
•Kearny-Nunnery, R. (2008). Advancing your career: concepts of professional nursing (4th ed.).
Philadelphia, PA: F. A. Davis Company.
•Marriner-Tomey, A. M. & Alligood, M.R. (2006), Nursing theorists and their work (6th ed.).
St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier.
•Pauser-Wolf, Terri. (2003). Building a caring client relationship and creating a quilt.
Journal of Holistic Nursing, 23(1), 81-87. DOI: 10.1177/0898010102250277
•Watson, Jean. (1988). Nursing: Human science and human care: a theory of nursing.
National League of Nursing. New York.
•Watson, Jean. (2005). Caring Science as sacred Science. Philadelphia, PA: F. A. Davis Company.
•Watson Caring Science Institute. (2009). Retrieved from
•Quilt Blocks each patterned block from
•Flower backgrounds from
Class Discussion
• How do I define the person, environment,
health/healing, & nursing?
• How can I implement the clinical caritas
processes into my nursing practice?
How can I be inspired by Watson’s caring
theory in my practice?
Text also from Jean Watson’s Website

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