Progressive Presidents

Report
Review
Who are the Presidents of the
Progressive Era?
 What were some of TR’s
accomplishments during his time in
office?
 Do you think the next presidents were
successful like TR?

Anti Trust Act

Sherman Antitrust
Act of 1890
 Keep big business in
check

By 1909, 42 antitrust
act
 Standard Oil

Trust Buster
Taft


What was Taft’s
foreign policy plan?
Taft was hand
picked by TR
 Won easily

Republican
 Promised to continue
to follow progressive
idea
 Antitrust and other
gov’t reform
Trouble for Taft




Didn’t have TR’s
personality
Gave in to the “old
guard”
Didn’t lower tariffs
Progressives and
Republicans
 Did not like Taft
Ballinger-Pinchot Affair
More problems
 Conservationists
 Secretary of the Interior- Ballinger

 Gave away Alaskan public land

Forrest Service Director-Pinchot
 Protested the selling

Not guilty
New Nationalism

Midterm election 1910
 Republicans lost seats
 Progressive
○ Republicans and Democrats ruled the Senate

TR
 Stronger working conditions
 Income and inheritance taxes
 NEW NATIONALISM
How do you think Taft did as the
President?

Did alright
 Reserved more land
 Antitrust suits



16th and 17th
Amendment
Interstate
Commerce
Commission
Never gained
support of his party
Election of 1912

TR and Taft wanted
the Republican
nomination
 Taft won

Progressives
created their own
party
 Bull Moose Party
Bull Moose Party
“I feel fit as a moose”
 Platform for the party

 Lower tariffs
 More regulation on businesses
 End child labor
 Women’s suffrage

Very popular
Election

Wilson ran on
reform
 Blamed big business
and government

New Freedom
 Enforce antitrust
without hurting
economic competition

42% of votes
 Split Republican party
helped
Compare the Elections

Wilson- 42%
 TR- 27%
 Taft-23%
 Debs-6%

Obama- 53%
 McCain-46%
 Nader-.56%
 Barr-.40%
Election of 1912
Election of 2008
Present Day Call for a 3rd Party
Wilson’s Policies
Known as a reformer
 Clayton Antitrust Act

 Strengthen the Sherman Act of 1890
 Allowed the gov’t to regulate business

Created the Federal Trade Commission
 Fair trade laws
The Federal Reserve System

Federal Reserve System
 Reorganized the federal banking system

Open you books to page 299
 With a partner 1 person do 1 and 2
 The other 3 and 4
 Put the characteristics of the Federal
Reserve in your own words
Federal Reserve
1.
Created regional federal banks

Store capital and cash
Supervised by a board selected by the
pres.
3. Allow to borrow money-short term
4. Created currency
2.

Expand or contract the circulation of money
Other Accomplishments and
Failures of Wilson

Created Farm Loan Bank
 Allowed farmers to get loans
Selecting Louis Brandeis to the Supreme
Court
 Failures

 Cabinet members extended Jim Crow practice
 Opposed an amendment on women’s suffrage

No problem
 Won easily in 1912
Limits of Progressivism

Different views
 Wanted to fix problems in cities
 Didn’t help farmers, nonunion workers
 Limit immigration
 Look overseas to help out
African Americans and
Progressivism



Only a small amount
benefited
Creation of the
NAACP
Issues in the South
 Did not want to lose
votes
Women’s Suffrage
Women’s Suffrage

1848
 Seneca Falls, NY

Susan B. Anthony
 Against slavery
 Demanded women be apart of the 14th and
15th Amendments
 Civil Disobedience: Nonviolent refusal of a
law
National American Woman
Suffrage Association


NAWSA- Created by
Anthony, Lucy Stone
By 1900
 Women could own,
sell, will property
 Demand to vote went
up
 Became more active

Why do you think
people would
oppose women’s
suffrage?
Strategies for Suffrage


Its 1910, how would
you try to earn the
right to vote?
1- push for an
amendment
 ¾ of the states
needed to ratify

States allow voting
 Each state would
pass its own laws
Different Ideas


NAWSA
 Peaceful approach
Congressional
Union (CU)
 Protest but peaceful
 Aggressive approach
State Legislation
 Militant protest
 Plan to have each
state pass laws


Push for an
amendment
The End of Suffrage

WWI
 Women took on jobs that men had

Prohibition
 Lost a reason to fight suffrage

However
 August 24, 1920-19th Amendment was
passed
 Last major reform of the Progressive Era

similar documents