Or “Figurative Language Tricks and Techniques” Using metaphors, similes, imagery, idioms, hyperbole and personification to describe things Flowery “It’s Language raining cats and dogs!” “The sky opened up and cried when it found out you left me.” Precise, realistic “It language is raining out. “ “I was sad when you left.” Two lines that end in the same sound (does not need to be spelled the same!) Hickory Dickory DockThe mouse ran up the clock. Think: where are your internal organs? This rhyme is inside the middle of one line of poetry Hickory Faded Dickory Dock, jaded jazz floats out of a cafe Plan for rhyme- might be couplets (aabbcc) Or another plan like a limerick: There was a young lady of Niger A Who smiled as she rode on the back of a tiger A They returned from a ride B With the lady inside B And a smile on the face of the tiger A (anonymous) “No rules just right” No rhymes at the end, sounds and looks more like speech You can’t order a poem like you order a taco Walk up to the counter and say “I’ll take two” and get them handed back to you on a shiny plate. (Naomi Shihab Nye) “…The road was a ribbon of moonlight…” (Alfred Noyes) Or Vivid picture in one’s mind from powerful words “So much depends upon The red wheelbarrow Glazed with rainwater Beside The white chickens” (william carlos williams) Giving non-human objects human-like personality traits or actions “…and then my heart with pleasure fills And dances with the daffodils” Also: “Rikki –Tikki-Tavi” (Rudyard Kipling) The Giving Tree by Shel Silverstein (William Wordsworth) SimiLe Metaphor Comparing Comparing two things using LIKE or AS two things WITHOUT using like or as” “moon was a ghostly galleon” (A. Noyes) “hair like moldy hay” (A. Noyes) “You are my sunshine, my only sunshine” When the EXACT sound is repeated in the beginning of two words (spelling does not matter) “dazzling diamonds” Prickly Pear When a consonant is repeated in a line of words She sells seashells down by the seashore The sailor sings of ropes and things When vowel sounds are repeated (not always about the letter because in English we pronounce vowels many different ways!) “daylight Lucy Liu faded gracefully away” When whole words or phrases are repeated “…Tap, tap, tapping on my chamber door” (Edgar Allen Poe) One fish, two fish, red fish, blue fish (Dr. Seuss) Words that mimic what they represent Tap, knock, boom, crash, whisper, zip, buzz, hum… (Story time!) (The only word in the English language without a vowel…!) The measured beat of poetry Woman much missed, how you call to me, call to me or There once was a student named Andy (3) Who said “Oh no, I would never eat candy!” (3) He refused to eat sweets (2) On his phone he would tweet (2) I feel fine and my teeth are just dandy! (3) Now you will be able to construct poems of great magnificence and charm. Take care of your toolbox!