Lesson 7 Using Images with JavaScript

Report
Lesson 7
Using Images with JavaScript
HTML and JavaScript
BASICS, 4th Edition
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Objectives
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Lesson 7
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Name and describe JavaScript events.
Create an image rollover.
Make a hyperlink rollover.
Construct a cycling banner.
Display random images.
Create a JavaScript slide show.
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HTML and JavaScript BASICS 4E
Vocabulary
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Lesson 7
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ad banner
array
cycling banner
decrement
entity code
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event
floating-point number
function
hyperlink rollover
image rollover
HTML and JavaScript BASICS 4E
Vocabulary (continued)
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Lesson 7
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increment
index
real number
slide show
variable
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HTML and JavaScript BASICS 4E
Making Graphic Images Come
Alive
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Acquiring an understanding of JavaScript
events is important for working with images.
An event is a system-level response to the
occurrence of some specific condition.
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Some conditions are generated by the Web
browser software
However, most conditions are caused by user
actions
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HTML and JavaScript BASICS 4E
Making Graphic Images Come
Alive (continued)
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Another important concept to master when
working with images is JavaScript functions.
A function is a segment of JavaScript code
that can be invoked or called.
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Methods and functions are the same, except that
methods have been defined as part of the objects
that make up the JavaScript programming
environment.
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HTML and JavaScript BASICS 4E
Making Graphic Images Come
Alive (continued)
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Teaching an Image to Roll Over:
An image rollover changes the appearance
of an image when a visitor moves the mouse
pointer over the image.
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The onMouseOver event is generated when the
mouse pointer is over a particular object.
The onMouseOut event is generated when the
user moves the mouse pointer off of the object.
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HTML and JavaScript BASICS 4E
Teaching a Hyperlink to Roll Over
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A hyperlink rollover is triggered when the
user moves the mouse pointer over a
hyperlink.
The code for an image rollover and a hyperlink
rollover are very similar.
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HTML and JavaScript BASICS 4E
Teaching a Hyperlink to Roll Over
(continued)
The graphic to the
right shows
JavaScript events.
Lesson 7
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HTML and JavaScript BASICS 4E
Creating a Cycling Banner
A cycling banner (or ad banner) is a
sequence of graphic images that are displayed
one after another with a small pause between
each image.
Lesson 7
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HTML and JavaScript BASICS 4E
Creating a Cycling Banner
(continued)
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The code to create a cycling banner includes
an array, an index, and an imgArray.
Array: a collection of similar objects,
accessed by means of a variable name and
an index.
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imgArray: a variable name
Index: an integer variable that identifies which
element of an array is being referenced.
Note, to increment a number is to add 1 to it.
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HTML and JavaScript BASICS 4E
Displaying Random Images
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Lesson 7
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JavaScript has built-in support for random
number generation, which makes displaying
images in random order easy to do.
The source code is very similar to the code
for the cycling banner.
A real number (also called a floating-point
number) is a numerical value that includes a
decimal portion.
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HTML and JavaScript BASICS 4E
Creating a JavaScript Slide Show
When a user changes images by clicking Web
page objects, it is an electronic slide show.
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JavaScript slide show
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HTML and JavaScript BASICS 4E
Creating a JavaScript Slide Show
(continued)
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Lesson 7
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Decrement means to subtract 1 from the
current value of a variable.
There are many entity codes available in
JavaScript. In this lesson you use  
which is the “non-breaking space” entity code.
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HTML and JavaScript BASICS 4E
Lesson 7
Summary
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In this lesson, you learned:
 How to use JavaScript events.
 How to create an image rollover.
 How to create a hyperlink rollover.
 How to create a cycling banner.
 How to display random images.
 How to create a JavaScript slide show.
Barksdale / Turner
HTML and JavaScript BASICS 4E

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