SS 3-4: How did women help California grow? What roles do you think women played during the Gold Rush? • Write what you think you know in your SS notebook. Be ready to share out. • Women during the Gold Rush could not vote, hold a position in the government, or work at most jobs. • Partner chat: “In what ways did women make a difference?” • Partner chat: “Why did women come to CA during the Gold Rush?” • *PAY ATTENTION TO WHAT OTHERS SAY. YOU MIGHT SEE THIS QUESTION AGAIN! Women who traveled west to CA faced many challenges • Very few women made the early journey to CA • Men had to live away from families b/c of mining • CA constitution let women keep their assets separate from husband’s • *Assets: property or objects that could be used to repay debts • Successful women • Sold food or operated boarding houses near mining camps • Successful b/c high food prices and housing shortage Mary Tape: A Chinese Immigrant • 1855 fought to have her children admitted to public school in SF • SF created a school for Chinese only • Chinese still not allowed in existing public schools • 1920’s: Chinese children allowed to go to public high schools sooner in CA than the rest of the US • Result of Mary Tape fighting for her children • Happened too late for her children to benefit from it • Occurred earlier than the Supreme Court’s decision in 1954 ruling against desegragation Helen Hunt Jackson • Visited CA and their missions • Shocked at the conditions for the Native Americans • She disagreed with how land was taken from them • 1881 wrote a book about the unfair treatment of American Indians • Sent copies to everyone in Congress Biddy Mason: African American freedom fighter • Born into slavery • Robert Smith, her owner, moved to San Bernadino and took her with him • African American businessman, Charles Owens, helped her petition for her freedom • She gained her freedom in 1856 • Told other African Americans to petition for freedom too • She was one of the first African Americans to own land in Los Angeles • She was generous to churches, charities, and individuals • November 16, 1989 was declared Biddy Mason Day Partner Activity • With your partner, you will: 1. read the biography card sheet 2. Take notes on each woman’s accomplishments or what she worked to change (I will have a graphic organizer on the SmartBoard you can follow). You can add any notes that you have taken or remember from these slides 3. After you take notes, you will make a poster about one of these women. You will include: 1. Pictures showing the important events of her life 2. Answer this question: “How does this woman’s story inspire other women today?” Exit Ticket 1.Name one woman that made a difference for the people of California. 2.What did she do that made a difference?