Indoor Air Quality – Market Drivers (cont.)

Report
2005/2006 Product Training
Indoor Air Quality
Craig Ellis
General Manager
Trion IAQ
Indoor Air Quality – Market Size
Total Market: $2.5 Billion
Air Washer
Filter
HEPA:
Cleanroom
Other
HEPA: Other
Residential
Electrostatic
Cartridge
Filter
•
•
•
•
HEPA – Cleanroom: $137
HEPA – Other: $137
Residential: $1,000
Fabric Air Pollution: $300
Fabric Air
Pollution
•
•
•
•
Cartridge Filter: $185
Electrostatic: $165
Air Washer Filter: $95
Other: $480
Indoor Air Quality – Opportunities
• Over 5.5 million unitary air conditioners were sold in 2004
• Almost 1.9 million heat pumps were sold in 2004
• Over 3.5 million gas forced air systems were sold in 2004
• Residential HVAC shipments up 8% in 2004
• Over 1.9 million new homes built in 2004
• New housing starts projected to increase in 2005
• Less than 8% of fan coils and furnaces are sold with premium IAQ solutions
Indoor Air Quality – Market Drivers
• We take over 20,000 breaths and breathe in excess of
350 million particles everyday!
• According to the EPA, each day a person breathes in 2
teaspoons of pollutants.
• EPA studies have shown that the air inside our homes
and workplaces is 10 – 100 times more polluted than
outside air.
• Indoor Air Quality Index published daily.
Indoor Air Quality – Market Drivers (cont.)
• Over 50 Million Americans suffer from allergies and asthma.
• Of this total:
–
–
–
–
Over 20 Million have chronic asthma (2.1 million are children)
Over 8 Million children suffer from a mild form of asthma
22 Million suffer from hay fever and allergic rhinitis
Over 12 Million from bronchitis
• Over 35 million suffer from Lung Disease
• Over $6 Billion/Year is spent on treatment of respiratory ailments.
Source of Poor IAQ
Data Taken From NIOSH
13%
15%
POOR VENTILATION
BUILDING MATERIALS
10%
MICROBIAL SOURCES
OA CONTAMINATION
UNKNOWN SOURCES
5%
INSIDE CONTAMINATION
4%
53%
• Poor ventilation accounts for 53% of all IAQ problems.
• Most people spend 80% to 90% of their time indoors.
Controlling Indoor Air Quality
• Source control
• Ventilation
• Filtration
Air Contaminants
•
•
•
•
•
•
A grain of beach sand
A strand of human hair
Pollen
Bacteria
Tobacco smoke
Virus
80 to 2000 Microns
30 to 200 Microns
10 to 100 Microns
0.3 to 3.0 Microns
0.01 to 1.0 Microns
≤ 0.3 Microns
Particulate Size
Airborne Particulate Settling Rates
This chart shows time required for
a particle released at 5 foot level
to settle to the floor in stagnate
air.
Indoor Air Quality – Industry Test Methods
• Clean Air Delivery Rate (CADR)
• DOP (Dioctyl Pthalate)
• ASHRAE 52.1 – 1992
– Weight Arrestance
– Dust Spot
• ASHRAE 52.2 – 1999 (MERV)
Indoor Air Quality – Industry Test Methods (cont.)
• Clean Air Delivery Rate
– Designed for portable room air cleaners.
– Measures overall effectiveness of the air cleaner (air
flow/efficiency/natural decay).
– Rated on pollen, dust and smoke.
• DOP (Dioctyl Pthalate):
– MIL Standard 282
– Designed for cleanroom type filters.
– Measures penetration of 0.3/0.12 micron particles through
HEPA/ULPA filters.
Indoor Air Quality – Industry Test Methods (cont.)
• ASHRAE 52.1 – Weight Arrestance
– Determines initial pressure drop across filter.
– Determines dust holding capacity of filter.
– Efficiency determined by calculating the percent removed by
weight of the test dust (Arizona road dust and carbon black).
– Designed for low efficiency filters.
• ASHRAE 52.1 – Atmospheric Dust Spot
– Uses outdoor air for testing.
– Efficiency determined by comparing staining of test paper
upstream and downstream of the filter.
– Efficiency based on the average efficiency over the useful life of
the filter.
– Designed for high efficiency filters.
Indoor Air Quality – Industry Test Methods (cont.)
• ASHRAE 52.2
–
–
–
–
Minimum Efficiency Reporting Value (MERV)
Efficiency rating based on clean filter
Designed to assist with the application of filters
Measures efficiency in three different particle ranges:
 10.0 Microns and above
 3.0 – 10.0 microns
 0.3 – 3.0 microns
Trion Air Bear Supreme
High Efficiency Media Air Cleaners
Media Air Cleaners: How They Work
Dirty Air Pre-Filter
Straining
Main Filter
Impingement
Interception
Clean Air
Diffusion
Brownian Effect
Air Bear Supreme
• Uses a combination of four filtering
principles, impingement, interception,
diffusion, and straining
• Available in three sizes, two air flow
capacities
– 16”H x 25”W x 7 ¼”D – 1400 CFM
– 20”H x 20”W x 7 ¼”D – 1400 CFM
– 20”H x 25”W x 7 ¼”D – 2000 CFM
• Cabinet knockouts allow upgrade on
Electronic Air Cleaner
• One piece wrap around, 20 gauge cabinet
supports 400 lb. furnace
• Pearl White powder-coated cabinet finish
Air Bear Supreme (cont.)
• Extended surface,17-pleat filter design
– Minimizes pressure drop
(0.22”w.c. @ rated air flow)
– Maximizes dust holding capacity (190 grams)
– Increases filter life
• 100% electrostatically charged synthetic fibers
– Enhances filter performance
– Minimizes initial pressure drop
– Helps prevent microbial growth
• Gaskets to prevent air by-pass
• MERV 8 efficiency
Pleat Alignment Comparison
Pleat alignment on competitive filter
is poor because there are are no
support fingers upstream.
Poor pleat alignment will result in
higher pressure drop after
installation than literature shows and
shorter filter lifecycles.
The Trion filter has perfect
pleat alignment due to
design of support fingers
on the upstream (air entry)
side of the filter.
Air Bear Supreme with Specially-Designed
Support Fingers
Trion’s Internal Support Fingers are
designed with dual edge “tabs” which
hold the support finger in place during
operation, even under tough
conditions.
Leading Competitive Filter without Anchor
Tabs on Support Fingers
Competitive Filter has no tabs to secure the
support fingers in place. This allows
movement of the supports during shipping,
handling, and operation. When the support
fingers move, the pleats become
misaligned.
Air Bear Right Angle
• Ideal for installations requiring a 90 Degree
Adapter.
• Built-in Duct Work/Adjustable Duct Opening
– eliminates the need for field forming transition
– significantly reduces installation time
• Space-Saving Design - saves 6” to 8” as
compared to competitive products with 90
degree turns.
Air Bear Right Angle (cont.)
• Right / Left hand installation
• Works as Turning Vanes - for even distribution
of air across the filter
• 2000 CFM
• Uses the same filter as the Air Bear Supreme
2000
• Outside Dimensions:
15 1/2”W x 24 3/4”D x 23 3/8”H
Why the Air Bear Supreme?
• 5-10 times more efficient than traditional 1” throw away filters
• Effectively removes particulate such as mold spores, pollen, and dust
• Protects coils
• Fail safe product
• Replacement media business
Trion HE Plus
High Efficiency Electronic Air Cleaners
Electronic Air Cleaners: How They Work
Dirty Air
Clean Air
Ionizer:
Forever Filter/Collector:
High voltage ionization electrically
charges airborne pollutants/particles
such as dust, bacteria, smoke, mold
spores and pollen.
Works like a powerful magnet to attract
and retain charged particles. This keeps
harmful irritants from being constantly
re-circulated into the home. Washable and
never needs to be replaced.
HE PLUS
• Available in three sizes, two air flow capacities
–
–
–
–
16”H x 20”W x 7 ¼”D – 1400 CFM
16”H x 25”W x 7 ¼”D – 1400 CFM
20”H x 20”W x 7 ¼”D – 1400 CFM
20”H x 25”W x 7 ¼”D – 2000 CFM
• One piece wrap around, 20 gauge cabinet
supports 400 lb. furnace
• Pearl White powder-coated cabinet finish
HE PLUS (cont.)
• Input/output voltage LED lights
– Green light – power on
– Red light – high voltage present
• Power cord - simple, easy electrical hook up
• Knock out provided for hardwiring
• Integrated air flow sensor
• Low pressure drop – 0.14”, max.
• Washable aluminum mesh pre-filter
• Optional charcoal after-filter
HE PLUS 1400/2000
•
•
•
•
•
•
Easy access universal on-board power supply
Built in fuse protects 24V transformer
Input Voltage - 120V 60/50hz
Easily converted to 240V
Low power consumption – 48 watts
3-Year Limited Warranty
Integrated Air Flow Sensor
High Altitude Adjustment
• Three settings to reduce nuisance arcing
• Reduces ozone output
• One universal replacement power supply
Why the HE PLUS?
• Permanent, washable filter
• High Efficiency, up to 95%
• Efficiency increases as air flow decreases
• Effectively removes sub-micron particles
• Low, constant pressure drop
• Protects coils
Portable Air Cleaners
Electronic Air Purifier – TTE2002A
• Permanent, Washable Forever Filter™
• Removes Up to 95% of Airborne
Pollutants
• Activated Charcoal Filter
• Compact Design
• 3 Fan Speeds
• Whisper-Quiet Operation
• Low Power Consumption – 48 Watts
• Less than 26 ppb Ozone Generation
• 5-Year Limited Warranty
Dirty Air
Clean Air
Cleaning Area
1 air change/hr.
2 air change/hr.
3 air change/hr.
Square Feet
600
300
200
Electronic Air Purifier - TCE3502A
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Permanent,Washable Forever Filter™
Removes Up to 95% of Airborne Pollutant
Aluminum Mesh Pre-filter
Activated Charcoal After-filter
Electronic Touch Controls
3 Fan Speeds
Whisper-Quiet Operation
Low Power Consumption – 70 Watts
Less than 26ppb Ozone Generation
5-Year Limited Warranty
Cleaning Area
1 air change/hr.
2 air change/hr.
3 air change/hr.
Square Feet
900
450
300
Ozone(O )
3
• Oxygen(O2) with an extra oxygen atom
– Ozone is heavier than air
– Ozone is highly unstable
– Ozone dissipates quickly with air flow
• How is ozone produced?
– Ozone is by-product of high voltage
– Ozone is created when sun rays react with
air pollution(automobile exhaust)
Ozone Production in Trion Air Cleaners
• Portable Units
– < 26 parts per billion
• Ductmount units (at rated air flow)
–
–
–
–
6 parts per billion on high
5 parts per billion on medium
3 parts per billion on low
< 2 parts per billion with activated charcoal filter
• UL Allowable Limits
– 50 parts per billion
Single Pass Ozone Test
CFM
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
Output Settings - Voltage/ Current
5.93kv
6.55kv
6.95kv
.26mA
1.47mA
2.87mA
Ozone Readings
Jumper Setting
Low(ppb) Medium(ppb) High(ppb)
4
8
11
4
8
9
4
5
8
4
6
8
3
5
6
•
•
•
•
•
CFM
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
Output Settings - Voltage/ Current
5.93kv
6.55kv
6.95kv
.26mA
1.47mA
2.87mA
Ozone Readings
Jumper Setting
Low(ppb) Medium(ppb) High(ppb)
2
7
12
2
7
11
1
6
9
1
4
7
1
4
5
Ozone pick-up tube was 2" downstream of unit.
Ozone pick-up tube was 3’ downstream of unit.
Each reading was taken after 5 minutes at CFM
& output setting.
Original tests were conducted with cells &
prefilters only.
An additional test was ran with the addition of
carbon post filters. The test started under the
worst case scenario; the lowest CFM and the
highest power output setting. The result was
less than 2 ppb of ozone. The test was stopped
at this point since all other settings would give
the same results or less.
HERRMIDIFIER Humidifiers
Benefits of Proper Humidification
• Improved Indoor Air Quality
• Reduction in Static Electricity
• Individual Comfort
• Energy Savings
• Protect Furnishings
Humidity And Indoor Air Quality
Optimum
Zone
Indicates Increase In Effect
Bacteria
Viruses
Fungi
Mites
Insufficent Data Above 50% RH
Infections
Respiratory
And Asthma
Allergic Rhinitis
Interactions
Chemical
Sensitivity
Indoor Ozone
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
Percent Relative Humidity
80
Source: ASHRAE Transactions 1985, Volume 91
Also "Indirect Health Effects Of Relative Humidity In
Indoor Environments", Environmental
Health Perspectives Vol 65, pp 451-461, 1968
90
Types of Humidifiers Offered
• By-Pass Flow Through Evaporative Pad
• Power Flow Through Evaporative Pad
• Evaporative Drum
• Centrifugal Atomizer
• Atomizing Mister
G-200/300 By-pass Flow Through
• High Capacity
– G-200, 14.4 GPD
– G-300, 18.0 GPD
• Right or left hand discharge
• Supply Plenum Duct or Return mounted
• Wall or Duct Mount Humidistat
• Outdoor temperature compensating humidistat
• Self-Piercing Saddle Valve
• 24V Brass Solenoid Valve
• Only requires 1/2” of overhead clearance
G-200/300WK Installation Kit
A
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Installation, Operation & Service manual
Mounting template A
Collar/damper assembly B
6” Flex hose with straps
Humidistat C
Low voltage transformer D
Self-tapping saddle valve
¼” water supply tubing E
½” drain line F
B
B
D
E
C
F
G-100 Power Flow Through
• 19 gallons per day @ 120º F
• Wall or duct mount humidistat
• Outdoor temperature compensating humidistat
• 2” evaporator pad
• Duct Opening 12” x 15”
• Mounts to 14” Duct
• 120V, 60Hz, 1ph
• Weight: 13 Pounds
Rotating Drum 465-C1
• Right or left hand discharge; ½” clearance overhead
• Evaporative Capacity 140ºF:
– Return – 22.5 GPD
– Supply 17.1 GPD
• Independent mounting bracket
• 24V, 3 watt motor
• Weight: 11 Pounds
• Humidistat 24V / 20-80% RH
• Dimensions: 14 ¾”W x 11”D x 11 ½”H
707U Centrifugal Atomizer
• Models include: 707SM, 707TW
• Model 707SM - Mounted on the return of any warm air heating system
• Model 707TW provides humidification in hydronically heated homes
(or any installation without ducts)
• Free Standing or Whole-house installations
Mister 50 Atomizer
• Tilt out mounting
• .75” hollow core oil nozzle with stainless steel mesh
• Duct opening 5” x 5 3/8”
• 13.2 GPD @ 80 PSI
• Adjustable nozzle – 3 positional installation
• Input voltage – 24V, 6 watt
• Preset thermostat for operation at 110 º F
• Convertible wall/duct mount humidistat, saddle valve,
10’ tubing
Commercial Products
•
•
•
•
•
Bars
Offices
Restaurants
Recreational Facilities
Designated Smoking Areas
Commercial Products (cont.)
Ceiling Mount Air Cleaners – CAC500M/1000E
• Electronic or 95% ASHRAE filter
• Recessed in 2’ x 2’ ceiling panel
• 3 Speed Fan
• Airflow:
– 210, 340, 450 CFM
– 250, 415, 570 CFM
Commercial Products (cont.)
Ceiling Mount Air Cleaners – FM1000E/M
• Electronic or 95% ASHRAE filter
• Flush-mounts in 2’ x 4’ ceiling panel
• 3 Speed Fan
• Airflow:
– 600, 800, 1000 CFM
– 600, 800, 1000 CFM
Commercial Products (cont.)
Ceiling Mount Electronic Air Cleaners – SE400/800E
•
Up to 95% efficiency
•
Flush or surface mount in 2’ x 2’ or 2’ x 4’
ceiling panel(can be wall mounted)
•
Fresh air vent
•
3 Speed Fan
•
Airflow:
– 200, 300, 400 CFM
– 400, 600, 800 CFM
Industrial Products
Grinding Dust
Coolant Mist
Oil Smoke
Oil Mist
Metal Fines
Process Dust
Welding Fumes

similar documents