THE EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION JANUARY 1, 1863 ABRAHAM LINCOLN FACTS LEADING TO THE E. P. Lincoln was pressured by Abolitionists and Republicans to issue the Emancipation Proclamation. The Emancipation Proclamation proclaimed freedom for slaves applying to 3.1 million of the 4 million slaves. The Proclamation freed 30,000 slaves automatically. FACTS OF THE E. P. • The Proclamation did not • compensate owners, • make freed slaves citizens, • outlaw slavery. • The Proclamation did • make abolition a central goal of war, • outrage Southerners who viewed this as a race war, • anger Northern Democrats, • energize the anti-slavery force, • weaken forces in Europe that wanted to intervene and help the Confederates. FACTS SURROUNDING THE E.P. • Following the Union victory at Antietam in September 1862, President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed the slaves in the states remaining in rebellion after the following January 1. • Although he was criticized by many for not going far enough, Lincoln had no constitutional power to end slavery in states loyal to the Union. • His act, however, encouraged slaves to help the Union and transformed the war into a crusade against slavery. WHAT TO THINK ABOUT WHEN READING THE EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION 1. When was the Emancipation Proclamation given? 2. What was Lincoln’s goal in issuing the emancipation proclamation? 3. What was the intent of the emancipation proclamation? 4. Why was the emancipation proclamation symbolic? 5. What are the inherent moral truths nested in the Emancipation Proclamation?