The Emancipation Proclamation

What were the causes
and effects of the
Emancipation Proclamation
With shoulder partners, answer each
question from the Emancipation
 Then answer this question on the back.
EP Worksheet
“I do order and declare that all persons
held as slaves within said designated
States, and parts of States are, and
henceforward shall be free…”
EP Worksheet
“…and that the Executive government of
the United States, including the military
and naval authorities thereof, will
recognize and maintain freedom of said
EP Worksheet
“And I hereby enjoin upon the people so
declared to be free to abstain from all
violence, unless in necessary selfdefense.”
EP Worksheet
“And I further declare and make known,
that each persons of suitable condition,
will be received into the armed service
of the United States garrison, forts,
positions, stations, and other places,
and to man vessels of all sorts in said
A New Purpose
At first, Civil War purpose was to
prevent secession and preserve the
 Even though issues over slavery caused
the war, ending slavery was not a goal
of the war
A New Purpose
This changed on January 1, 1863 when
Lincoln issued the Emancipation
 Declared “that all persons held as
slaves” within the rebellious areas “are,
and henceforward shall be free”
Abraham Lincoln’s View of
Lincoln’s View of Emancipation
Effects of the Emancipation
Lincoln did this because he knew how
important slavery was to the Confederacy’s
war effort, and that this would make
Confederacy weaker
 He hoped to inspire blacks and slaves in
the Confederacy to support the Union
 Knew that if European nations thought the
Confederacy was fighting to preserve
slavery they would not support them
Criticism for the Proclamation
It only applied to states that had
seceded from the Union, so loyal border
states could still have slaves
 It only freed slaves in areas that were
fighting the Union, so areas already
under Union control did not apply
 As the Union won more victories, more
areas became free
The Progress of War: 18611865
Read “Speaking Out Against the E.P.
List Jefferson Davis’s arguments against
the Emancipation Proclamation
African Americans
The Emancipation Proclamation
changed the nature of the war
 After the Proclamation, every victory
expanded the domain of freedom
 It allowed African Americans to serve in
the army and navy for the first time
 189,000 African Americans joined the
war; most were former slaves
in Civil War Battles
African Americans
If captured however, were either returned to
slavery or killed
 Most famous battle they took part in was the
attack on Fort Wagner in South Carolina by the
54th Massachusetts Infantry
The Famous 54th Massachusetts
The Characters in “Glory”
Robert Gould Shaw = Head commander
 Cabot Forbes = White commander
under Shaw
 Silas Tripp = Starts fights / whipped
 John Rawlins = African-American who
becomes a sergeant
 Jupiter Sharts = stutter / good gun shot
 Thomas Searles = glasses / can read
Questions for “Glory”
1) What was the Southern Proclamation in the movie? What were
the reactions of the 54th Massachusetts? What were the reactions
of Shaw?
2) What were the differences in salary between the AfricanAmerican troops and the white troops in the Union Army? What
was the reaction of the 54th Massachusetts? What was the
reaction of Shaw?
3) There were a number of ways that officials treated the 54th
Massachusetts unfairly. EXPLAIN at least 2 ways this occurred.
4) What happened at Darien, Georgia? Why did they go to the
town? What actually happened in the town? Why did Shaw follow
the orders?
5) Are the members of the 54th Massachusetts heroes? Why or
why not? Explain. Is Shaw a hero? Why or why not? Explain.

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