A Folk Tale A magic pearl brings a boy and his mother good luck. But the pearl has more power than they know. CONNECT TO YOUR LIFE • Guess what the story is about. • Have you ever found something valuable by accident? • Tell a partner what happened afterwards. Key to the Folk Tale • Purpose: to teach a lesson about life moral value. • Can explain why certain things happen • Ex: Malin Kundang Tangkuban Perahu Building Background • Dragon are common in both European & Chinese folklore. • In China dragons are seen as beneficent creatures, bring luck & prosperity, bring rain in summer & spring • In Europe evil, fire-breathing beasts • Usually slain by knights/other hero Vocabulary Preview • • • • • Drought noun time of little of no rain Scorched adjective burned of the surface Craved verb needed very badly; past tense Pierced verb touched deeply; past tense Flourished verb grew very well; past tense Open WB p. 14 COMPOUND WORD • two words joined to make a new word with different meaning. • Written as one word. • tea + pot teapot • sun + light sunlight • cow + boy cowboy • foot + ball football Hyphenated compound • compound words, joined by hyphens (-) • Separate the word & look at the meaning of each word. • cloud-breathing dragon: able to breathe out clouds • good-natured friend: having good attitude • life-giving rain: able to help people or animal lives Open WB p.13 st 1 CHUNK Page 26, line 1-19 VOCABULARY • Cloud-breathing dragons= able to breathe out clouds • Good-natured boy= having good attitude • He toiled = worked hard from dawn till dusk = from early morning until night • …selling it for fuel or fodder= food for animals PLOT CLIMAX RISING ACTION INTRODUCTION FALLING ACTION & CONCLUSION PLOT: what happens in the story • Introduction: introduce main characters, setting. Beginnings of the problem • Rising action: The characters make efforts to solve the problem • Climax: the turning point of the story • Falling action & conclusion: the writer brings the story to a close LITERATURE: PLOT • What is the time & place of the story? • Who are the main characters? • What are the main problems introduced in the PLOT? COMPREHENSION • What does Xiao Sheng do all day? nd 2 CHUNK Page 26-27, line 20-47 VOCABULARY • Xiao Sheng sang to lift his spirit = to make someone happier • Rain-bringing dragon = able to help people or animal lives • Wisp of cloud = a small thin line of cloud • Grass that was not shriveled = decaying & dead • Crest of the highest hill = the top part of the hill • gazed = look at something for a long time COMPREHENSION • REREAD: Why is Xiao Sheng worried? • What good luck has Xiao Sheng had? • What do you think will happen when he moves the grass? (predicting) rd 3 CHUNK Page 27-29, line 48-100 VOCABULARY • Transplanting = moving a plant to another place • Rose-colored • Near-empty • Withered = dried up • Dashed off= run quickly • Brimming with rice = full with rice • Gleaming pearl = white & shiny LITERATURE • Rising Action happens after the INTRODUCTION. • Name two Rising Actions on pages 28 & 29. COMPREHENSION • REREAD: Why do you think the rice has multiplied? • In what way does the pearl change the lives of the boy & his mother? th 4 CHUNK Page 29-30, line 101-138 VOCABULARY • …not blind to their fortune • Drought-stricken = affected by drought • “What have we here!” he bellowed = to shout in a loud voice • He snatched it = take something away by force • The ruffian = violent man lunged = to attack toward the boy. • He popped = put something quickly the pearl into his mouth. • The old woman began to wail = to cry COMPREHENSION • REREAD: If you are the villager, how would you have felt? • What problem has the pearl caused? th 5 CHUNK Page 30-32, line 139-180 VOCABULARY • An intense heat seared through him=burned • He craved more water = need badly • Lightning crackled = make a lot of short, dry, sharp sound • The villagers clutched one another = to try very hard to hold something • Gaping the blackness overhead= to look in great surprise (gape) • Clasped him tightly = to hold someone firmly VOCABULARY • The scales of a fish rippled along his back = to cause to move • The antlers of a deer appeared = horns with part like branches • His hands became the talons of a hawk = a sharp nail on a foot of a bird • He felt the twisting & coiling of a serpent’s tail = snake LITERATURE • Mention two or three events in the rising action on page 31 th 6 CHUNK Page 33-35, line 181-236 VOCABULARY …sent then billowing into the sky = spreading Beneficent dragon = helping people & doing good act His mother clung to his legs = try hard to keep something Again and again she flung herself = to move His mother’s cries pierced his heart = touched deeply Sculpting the banks with his last farewell = to form into particular shape They tossed a few grains of rice = to throw VOCABULARY • A bright orange carp splashed its tail right at her feet • She knew these to be glimpses of her son = to see someone for a very short time • When the water lapped the shore= to hit gently • Tinkling sound = a light ringing sound • The jingling of golden coins = ringing sound LITERATURE • • • • Point out the CLIMAX in the story Name two FALLING-ACTION events What is the CONCLUSION? What life lessons do you think this folk tale might be trying to teach? COMPREHENSION • In your own words, describe how the boy changes • Why do you think no rain ever falls over the land owned by the two wicked men? THINK IT THROUGH HW • How does the dragon end the drought? • How does the boy show his mother that he still cares for her? • What powers does the pearl seem to have? • Do you think that in this story all the good people are rewarded and all the bad ones punished? Why or why not?