SharePoint 2010 Tools in Visual Studio 2010

Report
Becky Bertram
SharePoint MVP
http://blog.beckybertram.com
@beckybertram
VS 2008 with SP2010
VS 2010 with SPS 2010
 Solution Package framework has not changed from
SharePoint 2007 to SharePoint 2010
 You can develop a SharePoint 2010 solution package
with Visual Studio 2008, it’s just a lot more work.
 You can develop a SharePoint 2007 solution package
with Visual Studio 2010, but you won’t be using the
built-in tools. You’d use the same manual techniques
you would in VS 2008.
SP Dev 101: Solutions and Solution Packages
 SharePoint has some assets which reside in the
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database, other assets on the file system (XML files,
ASPX pages, DLL’s, etc.)
SharePoint is scalable, which means it has load
balanced servers.
Assets that were deployed to one server need to be
deployed to all load balanced servers.
Solution packages allow the systematic deployment
and retraction of assets.
Solution packages are simply CAB files with a WSP
extension.
SP Dev 101: Solution Package Events
 Solution Packages must first be added to the Solution
Store so that SharePoint knows they’re available.
 This can only be done via PowerShell.
 You can add a solution package using the stsadm –o
addsolution command.
 From there, you can deploy a Solution Package, either
through the browser or through PowerShell.
 Packages are deployed globally (which means they are
available in the whole farm) or to one or more Web
applications.
 Packages can be retracted, and then removed.
SP Dev 101: Solution Manifest
 The Solution Manifest file is an XML file that tells
SharePoint where to place files on the file system.
 Whether assemblies should go in the bin directory in
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the web application folder or in the GAC.
If certain DLL’s should be declared “safe” so that
SharePoint will permit their execution in the browser.
Where assets should be placed in the “14 hive”.
Which features are being deployed as a part of the
Solution.
Whether the Web server should be reset when the
package is installed.
SP Dev 101: Sample Manifest
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<Solution xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/sharepoint/" SolutionId="c155b5f5-94cb-4044-994495e504c15b99" SharePointProductVersion="14.0">
<Assemblies>
<Assembly Location="MyFirstFeature.dll" DeploymentTarget="GlobalAssemblyCache">
<SafeControls>
<SafeControl Assembly="MyFirstFeature, Version=1.0.0.0,
Culture=neutral,
PublicKeyToken=51d041b4f66380dc“
Namespace="MyFirstFeature.MyFirstWebPart"
TypeName="*" />
</SafeControls>
</Assembly>
</Assemblies>
<TemplateFiles>
<TemplateFile
Location="CONTROLTEMPLATES\MyFirstFeature\MyFirstWebPart\MyFirstUserControl.ascx" />
</TemplateFiles>
<FeatureManifests>
<FeatureManifest Location="MyFirstFeature_MyFirstFeature\Feature.xml" />
</FeatureManifests>
</Solution>
Farm vs. Sandboxed Solutions
 Farm Features can only be deployed by an
administrator. Farm features generally run in the IIS
worker process (w3wp.exe)
 Sandboxed solutions can be uploaded and deployed by
a Site Collection administrator. These solutions can
use a limited API that prevents access of objects above
the Site Collection level. Sandboxed solutions run in
their own process (SPUCWorkerProcess.exe)
SP Dev 101: Features
 A Feature is a unit of functionality in SharePoint.
 The set of functionality contained in the feature
becomes available when it’s activated.
 Features can be activated in the browser or using
PowerShell.
 Features have a particular scope (Farm, Web
application, Site Collection, or Web site) and can be
reused in that scope.
 Features can have dependencies on other Features.
SP Dev 101: Feature Event Receivers
 Events are fired for the following 5 events in a Feature’s
“life”:
 Installed
 Activated
 Uninstalling
 Deactivating
 Upgrading
 Each of these has a corresponding event receiver.
 The “-ing” receivers hand the event before the event,
and the “-ed” receivers hand the event after the event.
Feature Upgrading
 New to SharePoint 2010, you can tell SharePoint to
carry out certain actions when upgrading a Feature to a
newer version of that Feature.
 Includes adding additional fields to a Content Type
 Executing particular code (making note of the fact that
the code will execute as the SharePoint System account.)
SP Dev 101: Feature Manifest
 The Feature Manifest is an XML file that tells
SharePoint which files on the file system are a part of
the Feature, as well as information about the Feature
itself, such as:
 Name
 Scope
 Activation Dependencies
 Upgrade actions
 Feature Event Receiver assembly and class
 Language Resource Files
SP Dev 101: Sample Feature Manifest
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<Feature xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/sharepoint/"
Title="My First Feature"
Description="This Feature deploys a Web Part to the Web Part Gallery."
Id="f6e83dea-5146-43c3-af18-d9aecb9f4a7c"
Scope="Site">
<ElementManifests>
<ElementManifest Location="MyFirstWebPart\Elements.xml" />
<ElementFile Location="MyFirstWebPart\MyFirstWebPart.webpart" />
</ElementManifests>
</Feature>
SP Dev 101: Declarative vs. Imperative Programming
 Declarative: using XML configuration files to tell
SharePoint what to provision
 Field, Content Type, List Definition, List Instance,
Module, etc.
 Imperative: using the SharePoint API to execute
commands at a given point in time
 SPField, SPContentType, SPList, SPListItem, etc.
VS 2010: Microsoft SharePoint
Development Tools
Included with
Visual Studio 2010
VS 2010 Project Item Templates
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Web Part
Sequential Workflow
State Machine Workflow
Business Data Connectivity Model
Application Page
Event Receiver
List Definition
List Definition from Content Type
List Instance
Content Type
Module
Empty Element
User Control
Import Reusable Workflow
Import SharePoint Solution Package
VS 2010 Project Item Templates
Demo: Creating a Feature and
Solution Package using Visual
Studio 2010

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