Forms of Poetry

Miss Andrews
10th Grade English
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Poetry that has a plot
Length varies
Written in verse, meant to be spoken
Characters are very theatrical; emotional
Short poetic form that is an expression of
personal emotion
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Has songlike quality; does not have to rhymecontinue to Main
Written in first person (not necessarily the poet)
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Dramatic Monologue
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looking at the
different forms,
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 A poetic form that praises or remembers someone
who died
 Began in Ancient Greece
 Depicts three stages of loss:
 Grief and sorrow
 Praise
 Comfort
Excerpt from an Elegy:
W.H. Auden’s “In Memory of W.B. Yeats”
“He disappeared in the dead of winter:
The brooks were frozen, the airports almost deserted,
And snow disfigured the public statues;
The mercury sank in the mouth of the dying day.
What instruments we have agree The day of his death
was a dark cold day.”
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 A prolonged narrative poem, celebrating soldierly
heroes and invokes divine inspiration
 Written in high style
 Describes great achievements and events
Excerpt from an Epic Poem:
Homer’s “The Iliad”
“And the shivers took hold of Hektor when he saw
him, and he could no longer stand his ground there,
but left the gates behind, and fled, frightened, and
Peleus' son went after him in the confidence of his
quick feet.”
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 A poetic form which reads as a light simple song
 Especially one of sentimental or romantic appeal
 2 or more stanzas (stanza is grouping of lines that
consists of meter and rhyme)
 Adapted for singing
Excerpt from a Ballad:
Wordsworth and Coleridge’s “Lyrical
“Strange fits of passion have I known
And I will dare to tell,
But in the Lover’s ear alone,
What once to me befel.”
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 Contains Iambic Pentameter (pattern of meter in a
sentence, with 5 sets of unstressed/stressed
 Contains 14 lines
 3 quatrains (stanza of 4 lines) of alternating rhyme
 Ends in a couplet (2 consecutive rhyming lines with
same number of stresses)
Excerpt from a Sonnet:
Shakespeare's “Sonnet 116”
“Let me not to the marriage of true minds
Admit impediments. Love is not love
Which alters when it alteration finds,
Or bends with the remover to remove:”
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 Japanese poetic form
 5-7-5 pattern
 In English, 3 parallel lines; in Japanese, 1 vertical
 Poet Basho Matsuo first great Haiku poet
 Poet Masaoka Shiki reformed Haiku as we it
know today
Example of Haiku:
By Masaoka Shiki
“A mountain village
under the pilled-up snow
the sound of water.”
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 Voice of a historical or fictional character speaks, first
 No intervening by a narrator
 Spoken to silent audience
Excerpt from a Dramatic Monologue
Lord Alfred Tennyson’s “Ulysses”
“I am a part of all that I have met;
Yet all experience is an arch wherethrough
Gleams that untravelled world, whose margin fades
For ever and for ever when I move.”
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Let’s test your knowledge on poetic forms.
Please read the question and poem below.
After that, click on the answer you believe is
• Question: Which form is the poem below?
“Shall I compare thee to a summer's A.
Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
Rough winds do shake the darling buds
of May,
And summer's lease hath all too short a date:
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven C.Elegy
And often is his gold complexion dimm'd;
And every fair from fair sometime declines,
By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd;
But thy eternal summer shall not fade
Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest;
Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade,
When in eternal lines to time thou growest:
So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
So long lives this and this gives life to thee.”
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An epic is suppose to commemorate,
or describe great achievements or
events; this poem does neither.
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A characteristic of a Haiku is
having a 5-7-5 pattern. This poem
does not follow this pattern.
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This poem does not honor someone
who has died, like an elegy does.
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The poem is a Shakespearean Sonnet
called, “Sonnet 18.” It has 3 quatrains, is
written in iambic pentameter, and ends
in a couplet. Great work!
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You finished the Poetry PowerPoint. You did a
great job! Please click on the picture below of
Edgar Allen Poe. This will start the PowerPoint for
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