WH Question Words

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WH Question Words
• We use question words to ask certain types of
questions (question word questions). We
often refer to them as WH words because
they include the letters WH (for example WHy,
HoW).
Question
Word
what
Function
Example
asking for information about
something
What is your name?
asking for repetition or
confirmation
What? I can't hear
you.
You did what?
asking for a reason, asking
what...for
why
What did you do
that for?
when
asking about time
When did he leave?
where
asking in or at what place or
position
Where do they live?
asking about choice
Which colour do you
want?
which
Question
Word
Function
Example
who
asking what or which person or Who opened the
people (subject)
door?
whom
asking what or which person or
Whom did you see?
people (object)
whose
asking about ownership
Whose are these keys?
Whose turn is it?
why
asking for reason, asking
what...for
Why do you say that?
why don't
making a suggestion
Why don't I help you?
Question Word
how
Function
Example
asking about manner
How does this work?
asking about condition or
quality
How was your exam?
how + adj/adv asking about extent or degree
how far distance
how long length (time or space)
see examples below
How far is Pattaya from
Bangkok?
How long will it take?
how many quantity (countable)
How many cars are
there?
how much quantity (uncountable)
How much money do
you have?
WH Question Words for Simple Past Tense
• WH + did + S + V + C/O ?
– What did he do?
– Why did she cry?
• WH + was/were + S + adj ?
– Who was sick?
WH Question Words for Simple Present
Tense
• WH + do/does + S + V + C/O ?
– What does he do?
– Why do you like sport?
• WH + is/am/are + S + adj ?
– Who is sick?
WH Question Words for Present
Continues Tense
• WH + do/does + S + V-ing + C/O ?
– What is he doing?
– Where is she leaving?

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