Warm Up- Pair/Share Discuss what you know about metaphors. Choose and say one of the three sentence frames to discuss metaphors with your partner. 1)“I know that a metaphor is______. An example of a metaphor is________”. 2)“I think a metaphor is__________. I think this because _______________”. 3)“I do not know what a metaphor is but I can make an educated guess that it has something to do with___________.” Metaphor vs. Simile Simile A simile is a comparison between two things using like and as. Similes are often used in poems to emphasize a point. Instead of saying “He ran quickly”. He ran as fast as a cheetah. Common Similes "I feel as old as dirt" "You are as slow as molasses" "She was as white as a ghost". “He ran like the wind” Metaphor Makes a comparison between seemingly unlike things without “like” or “as”. Example: “This room is an Oven!” Do I mean that this classroom is an oven? Turn to your partner and tell him/her what I really mean. Common Metaphors The crowd began to simmer down. -Heat is activity, and activity is heat. A recipe for disaster . -A disaster is the finished product of bad ingredients and processes. She had a raw talent for music. -Talent is only potential, and must be developed (cooked). Metaphor or Simile? Can Mrs. McCown figure it out? Tim was as tall as Mount Everest Simile: uses as to compare Tim and Mount Everest. Jordan walked like an elephant on parade. Metaphor: compares Jordan and elephant without like or as. Your Turn! Simile (S) or Metaphor (M) ? Use whiteboards Carrying my book bag was like dragging around a bag of boulders. Simile: uses “like” to compare book bag and boulders. She danced like she was trying to stomp on rabid squirrels. Simile: uses “like to compare dance and squirrels. Jordan’s reply was burning hot and crispy. Metaphor: compares reply with hot and crispy without using “like” or “as”. Your Turn! Simile (S) or Metaphor (M) ? Use whiteboards Her hair was golden silk streaming in the afternoon breeze. Metaphor: compares hair with silk without using “like” or “as”. The algebra question x+16=30 is a sharp object jiggling around in my brain Metaphor: compares question with object without using “like” or “as”. Jan’s broken nose swelled up like a big red balloon. Simile: uses “like to compare dance and squirrels. How to make a metaphor Sun, Diamond : “The sun was a diamond in the sky”. Make a Metaphor Mind, Sponge What does a sponge do? Soak up liquid. Can your mind soak up anything? “Her mind was a sponge absorbing all the details”. Partner Work-Create a metaphor for each pair of words. 1) Car, refrigerator 2) Tommy, pig 3) Cindy, mule *Remember, think how the two words can be alike. Independent Work Your ticket out the door Write one sentence for each of your three metaphors explaining what the metaphors mean. Example: “The sun was a diamond in the sky”. The sun was bright, shiny and stood out against the blue of the sky.