POLITICAL PHILOSOPHIES Thomas Hobbes John Locke POLITICAL PHILOSOPHIES Classical Republicanism Natural Rights Philosophy STATE OF NATURE Classical Republicanism • People are equally free • Only concerned with self preservation • Unequal distribution of wealth turns focus to individual interests Natural Rights • People are equally free • People possess Natural Rights to life, liberty, and property • Unequal distribution of wealth turns focus to individual interests SOCIAL CONTRACT Classical Republicanism • People surrender ALL RIGHTS to the general will • The government will redistribute those rights important to citizenship as it see fit Natural Rights • People surrender POWER to the government (executive, legislative, and judicial power) • Government exists to protect natural rights POLITICAL PHILOSOPHIES Classical Republicanism • Individuals should put the needs of the community before selfinterest. • Civic Virtue is an essential element Natural Rights • Individuals are motivated primarily by self-interest. POLITICAL PHILOSOPHIES Classical Republicanism • Purpose of government is to promote the common good. Natural Rights • Purpose of government is to protect individual rights. POLITICAL PHILOSOPHIES Classical Republicanism • Theory emphasizes the responsibilities/obligati ons of democratic citizenship. • Focus on your DUTY as a citizen • Focus on your POWER as an individual Natural Rights • Theory emphasizes the rights/powers of democratic citizenship. POLITICAL PHILOSOPHIES Classical Republicanism • “Citizens” are primarily political entities. • The government defines who is a citizen, and what the benefits are of citizenship Natural Rights • “Citizens” are primarily legal entities. • The government protects citizens – primarily from itself POLITICAL PHILOSOPHIES Classical Republicanism • To be a good citizen is most important to people Natural Rights • People should do what is best for themselves CITIZEN VIRTUES Classical Republicanism • Patriotism is the most important virtue Natural Rights • Virtues important to commerce – Hard Work, Frugality • Moral education • Equality of Condition • Respect of the law, contractual relationships HOMEWORK - ESSAY P. 21-34 THURSDAY Define the concept of delegation and explain the problems it solves when attempting collective action. What problems does delegation create?