Review 7-9

CH7-9 Review
 Populist- political movement of late
1800’s that worked for an end to
government corruption, government
ownership of RR, free coinage of
silver and women’s rights, most were
rural coming from farmers alliances
 William Jennings Bryan- Democratic
Candidate called for free coinage of
 William McKinley-Republican
President defeated Bryan ending
Populists party.
 Progressives-those wanting to reform
the ills of society brought on by
industrialization and urbanization
 Robert Lafollette-Wisconsin GovernorWisconsin Idea that included reforms
of government with more citizen input
 Recall- remove an official from office
by vote
 Referendum- allowed the electorate to
approve or disapprove laws passed by
the legislature
 Initiative- allowed the people to
petition to have a law placed on the
ballot for approval
17th amendment allowed for the
direct election of senators
 18th Amendment brought about
 19th Amendment gave women the
right to vote
 Muckraker- Someone who wrote of
corruption in business or government
 Plessy vs Ferguson- 1896 court case
making segregation legal- “ separate
but equal” clause
 Jim Crow Laws- customs and laws of
the south used to segregate the
south and disenfranchise blacks
 Poll Tax- required payment to vote
 Literacy test- Required passing a
written test to be able to vote Grandfather clause- if your
grandfather could vote you could
vote, avoiding the literacy test and
poll tax
 WEB DuBois-Started NAACP
 Booker T Washington- Believed blacks
must become educated to gain
 Upton Sinclair-Wrote Jungle exposing
practices in the meat packing industry
 Ida Wells – formed women”s version
of NAACP to help black children
 Boss Tweed- Corruptly Ran New York
City government giving favors for
votes and money
 Temperance Movement- Push to end
use and abuse of alcohol -18th
 Sherman Anti-trust Act-Designed to
break up monopolizing businesses
 Imperialism- political, military and
economic domination of strong
countries over weak territories
 Alfred T Mahan- Believed in building a
strong Navy that it was the signal of
great power.
US Imperialism
 Purchase of Alaska- By William
Seward from Russia for $7,200,000
 Hawaii- Overthrow of Queen by
plantation owners with the aid of US
Spanish American War
 Causes- Inflamed by journalists like
Pulitzer and Hearst , the Sinking of
the Maine the US declares war on
 Results- US acquires Philippines,
Puerto Rico, Guam and Cuba. Cuba
gained limited independence.
 Boxer Rebellion- A rebellion in China
Against outside interference
 Open Door Policy- all nations should
have the right to trade equally
 Theodore Roosevelt-Big Stick DiplomacyUse a strong Military action to achieve
America’s goals abroad
 Roosevelt Corollary- updated the Monroe
Doctrine to include us police powers in Latin
America if needed to keep country stable
 Monroe Doctrine – European countries were
excluded from further building colonies in
the western hemisphere
 William Howard Taft-Dollar Diplomacy- Use
American investments to gain stability in
Latin America
 Woodrow Wilson- Moral DiplomacyNations like us would be favored
encouraged Human Rights, national
integrity, and opportunity
 Pancho Villa- Mexican rebel who led attacks
on American border towns

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