Briefing

Report
The Evolution of
Cyberspace
New Horizons Symposium
28 Feb 2012
Brig Gen Marty Whelan
Director of Requirements
AFSPC/A5
DEFINING
OUR FUTURE IN
SPACE AND CYBERSPACE
DISTRIBUTION A: Approved for public release; distribution unlimited
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Today’s Warfighter Depends on
Space and Cyberspace
MISSILE WARNING
COMMUNICATIONS
WEATHER
INTEL, SURVEILLANCE
& RECONNAISSANCE
SPACE ACCESS
MISSILE DEFENSE
NAVIGATION
Space and Cyberspace
capabilities enable the
American way of warfare
DEFINING
OUR FUTURE IN
SPACE AND CYBERSPACE
SPACE SURVEILLANCE
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Space & Cyber in Joint Operations
Regular Warfare
Irregular Warfare
GPS
•
•
•
Enable distributed operations
Orchestrate and synchronize
multiple actions
Enable persistent surveillance
Networks
SBIRS
Computer
Systems
DMSP
WGS
• Find, prosecute targets
• Distribute data, intent and link
forces
• Enable C2
• Assess results
DSP
Assured Access
Global Assessment
• Monitor and revisit deep,
denied areas
• Provide immediate warning
• Enable data fusion
Crisis Management
See the Battlefield with Clarity
Communicate with Certainty
Navigate with Accuracy
Strike with Precision
Operate with Assurance
Acquire with Agility
DEFINING
OUR FUTURE IN
• Provide national C2 under
stress
• Enable search, rescue,
mobility
• Allow “sharable” situational
awareness
SPACE AND CYBERSPACE
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Air Force Space Command
What We Do
• Space
• Provide Joint warfighting space capabilities
• Acquire space systems
• Provide assured access to space
• Assured capabilities across the spectrum
• Cyberspace
• Present full spectrum capabilities for the Joint
warfighter in, through and from cyberspace
• Extend, operate and defend the AF portion of the
DoD Network
• Establish requirements for future cyberspace
systems/capabilities
• Assured capabilities across the spectrum
DEFINING
OUR FUTURE IN
SPACE AND CYBERSPACE
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Space and Cyberspace: The Reality
• Growing Demand
• Growing Threats
• Resource Constrained
Environment
DEFINING
OUR FUTURE IN
SPACE AND CYBERSPACE
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5
SINE Operational View: The Future
• Growing Demand
• Growing Threats
• Resource Constraind
Environment
DEFINING
OUR FUTURE IN
SPACE AND CYBERSPACE
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FOUO
How do we reach the future
• Innovate: deliver resilient, cost-effective capabilities
to the warfighter
• Evolve: requirements/acquisition processes
• Fund: must identify and fund the true needs
AFSPC/CC Priorities
Support the Joint Fight
Control Acquisition Costs
Operationalize/normalize cyberspace
DEFINING
OUR FUTURE IN
SPACE AND CYBERSPACE
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Innovation:
Competency, Connection, Champion
• Connection
• The innovator: industry, academia, or our own come up with the
good ideas
• “Ideas” go through HQ AFSPC Innovation Forum
• AFSPC Entry point is Livelink Innovation Webpage
([email protected])
• Competency
• Technical experts vet possibilities
• Staff work with idea generator
• Champion
• Periodic Senior Forum established to review “ideas”
• Senior-level advocacy then assignment to Center/lab
• Follows Public Law/DoD 5000 series processes but with better input
Game Changing Ideas will get here differently then operate the same
DEFINING
OUR FUTURE IN
SPACE AND CYBERSPACE
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Evolving Requirements & Acquisition
Process
DoD and AF are working to
determine best method for cyber
acquisitions…
Warfighter
Requirement
s
… while staying up to date on current/future
technologies.
DEFINING
OUR FUTURE IN
SPACE AND CYBERSPACE
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Funding Impacts
• President’s direction to cut ~$487B over 10 years
• Ongoing debt ceiling negotiations likely to drive further
funding reductions across DoD
• AFSPC will continue to support the Core Function Master
Plan strategy:
• Ensure continuity of critical capabilities in support of national and
joint requirements
• Modernize or improve cyberspace and space capabilities using
technically feasible and fiscally sound strategies
• Leverage partnerships or rely on commercial capabilities when
beneficial to DoD
DEFINING
OUR FUTURE IN
SPACE AND CYBERSPACE
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FOUO
Mission Area
Innovation Opportunities
• Unique challenges facing each mission area
•
•
•
•
Rate of technological change
Rapid development/deployment
Cross mission collaboration/data fusion tools
Shrinking budgets
• Key opportunities for industry partners
•
•
•
NextGen technical solutions
Transition from “tools” to “capabilities”
Capabilities that are interoperable
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DEFINING
OUR FUTURE IN
SPACE AND CYBERSPACE
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Cyber Infrastructure
Challenges and Opportunities
• Challenges
•
•
•
•
•
Standardization to a single AFNet
Capable and sustainable enterprise solutions
Rapid acquisition processes
Continued DOD Budget cuts, efficiency demands
Contracting process to purchase IT equipment
• Industry Opportunities
• Effective Asset Management
• Innovative, interoperable enterprise solutions
• Unified Communications
• Lessons learned
• Efficiency gains
• Data Center Consolidation
• Lessons learned
• “Green” data center implementations
• Rapid network monitoring and management across compliant and
non-compliant systems
DEFINING
OUR FUTURE IN
SPACE AND CYBERSPACE
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Cyber Operations
Challenges and Opportunities
• Challenges
•
•
•
•
•
Assured information protection
Legacy capabilities oriented toward detection vice prevention
Timely awareness/characterization of potential threats
DoD acquisition processes, while improved, are still slow to need
Increase operational cost to attacker while lowering the benefit
• Industry Opportunities
•
•
•
•
Develop hardened/defensible/reliable AF networks leveraging
current technologies, architectures and resources
Provide proactive capabilities to actively prevent cyber threats
Fuse cyber data to create actionable information and assure AF
missions
Leverage existing/future Cyber Acquisitions process to deliver
best value
DEFINING
OUR FUTURE IN
SPACE AND CYBERSPACE
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Cyber Warfare
Challenges and Opportunities
• Challenges
•
Funding
• Growing mission area vs. shrinking budgets (i.e., Budget
Control Act)
• Qualification Training
• Demand increasing faster than throughput
• Intel support to cyber program development
• Normalize cyber intelligence requirements and prioritize
support
• Industry Opportunities
• Cyberspace domain continues to change at “light speed”
• Must be able to keep up with new technology
• Transition of “tools” to “capabilities”
DEFINING
OUR FUTURE IN
SPACE AND CYBERSPACE
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MILSATCOM
Challenges and Opportunities
• Challenges
• Addressing the entire SATCOM enterprise for 2025 & beyond
• Developing a strategy to better leverage military, commercial, civil,
and international solutions, including business models
• Situational awareness and protection of space assets
• Industry Opportunities
• Create innovative solutions to future SATCOM requirements
• Create operator-to-satellite open/service oriented ground system
architectures
• Consolidate functions and capabilities across multiple systems
• Synchronize mission threads
DEFINING
OUR FUTURE IN
SPACE AND CYBERSPACE
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MILSATCOM Terminals
Challenges and Opportunities
• Challenges
• Developing XDR-capable terminals for AEHF
• Timely integration of delivered terminals into platforms
• Synchronizing terminal deliveries and platform integration with new
on-orbit SATCOM capabilities
• Industry Opportunities
•
•
Ka-band capable terminals possibly for additional airborne
platforms (e.g. AMC) to take advantage of WGS on-orbit assets
New terminal opportunities resulting from a future Analysis of
Alternatives study to follow the JSCL Initial Capabilities Document
DEFINING
OUR FUTURE IN
SPACE AND CYBERSPACE
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Missile Warning/Defense
Challenges and Opportunities
• Challenges:
•
•
•
•
•
Resiliency with lower cost & manpower
Control cost, schedule, performance
Support Netcentric Operations
Integrate Cyber Capabilities into MW/MD portfolio
Standardize MW/SSA reporting
• Industry Opportunities:
• Invest in data compression and large data transmission
• Develop, register, and expose services for gov’t subscription/reuse
• Maximize Free and Open Source Software (FOSS)
DEFINING
OUR FUTURE IN
SPACE AND CYBERSPACE
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SSA/C2-Challenges and Opportunities
• Challenges
•
•
•
•
•
•
Fiscally constrained environment for several years
Maintain, sustain and exploit existing capabilities
Leverage other non-traditional sensor capabilities
Exploit mission partner and coalition capabilities
JFCC-Space requires timely actionable information
Integration of Space and Cyberspace touch points
• Industry Opportunities
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Leverage/Exploit existing sensors for enhanced sensitivity/capacity
Develop methods & means to maintain chain of custody
Improve environmental forecasting & effects capabilities
Ground-based optical sensors for deep space search & discovery
Next generation space-based optical system for timely re-visit
Dynamic ability to process extensive amounts of new data
Establish commercial & coalition partnerships
Cross mission collaboration/data fusion tools
DEFINING
OUR FUTURE IN
SPACE AND CYBERSPACE
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Space Launch
Challenges and Opportunities
• Challenges
•
•
•
•
•
Aging infrastructure; difficult to operate and maintain
Increasing costs
Utilizing launch manifest more efficiently
Sustaining space launch industrial base
Orbital debris mitigation compliance
• Industry Opportunities
• New entrants
• Reduced cost
• Enhanced resiliency
DEFINING
OUR FUTURE IN
SPACE AND CYBERSPACE
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Launch Ranges
Challenges and Opportunities
• Challenges
•
•
•
•
Aging infrastructure and fiscal constraints present operations and
sustainment challenges; instrument reliability opposed to excessive
redundancy
Variety of non-standard launch systems driven by diverse customer needs
Real-time data receive, processing and display drive costs for robust
systems with a “no-fail” design
Multiple independent contracts for operations at each range, plus
overarching sustainment – drives contract overhead costs for all contracts
• Industry Opportunities
•
•
Propose range safety strategy that does not require significant investment on
the range or from launch customers; solutions that require significant capital
investment on the range or launch customers are a non-starter
Propose efficiencies in day-to-day operations and sustainment of range
infrastructure (current and future as mentioned above) using a single
consolidated contract
DEFINING
OUR FUTURE IN
SPACE AND CYBERSPACE
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SATOPS/AFSCN
Challenges and Opportunities
• Challenges
• Non-materiel (non-developmental) solutions for consolidating
common SATOPS tasks across multiple satellite operating units
• Operational concepts for on-demand, protected, agile SATOPS
• Net-centric AFSCN operating concepts – present users and
operators with a web-like interface
• Industry Opportunities
• Concept development – how to achieve capability with non-materiel
(non-developmental) approaches; enterprise data standards
DEFINING
OUR FUTURE IN
SPACE AND CYBERSPACE
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Summary
• Space and cyberspace capabilities – vital to national
security and the Joint fight
• Single MAJCOM – enhance synergies between space
and cyberspace
• Domain challenges – competitive, congested, contested
• Keys to success – innovate, evolve, fund
Excellence: Global and Beyond
DEFINING
OUR FUTURE IN
SPACE AND CYBERSPACE
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QUESTIONS
?
DEFINING
OUR FUTURE IN
SPACE AND CYBERSPACE
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