Competing Visions PAST Desire to return to what worked (or what we believe worked) in the past; Static rules and expectations; Traditional honor codes; “Defensive pedagogy” Traditional sanctions; Focus on “solutions” like text-matching, Remote proctoring, Bio-recognition, Test-banks This is not an indictment of the traditionalists’ rules or the mechanistic tools. All of these things can be useful. The weakness of many of our approaches to academic integrity lies in the expectation that tools and rules will solve the problem. We can’t return to the past (and we really don’t want to.) Our current circumstances are different from the past (because of changing demographics, changing technology, changing economies) but with respect to integrity, these are mainly differences of degree rather than differences in kind. Image credit: http://theperfecthorse.blogspot.com/2009/07/headtossing.html • Immediate results • Put it on and it works without further input • It’s a (nearly) sure thing—the device does the work. Image credit: http://mylerbitsusa.com/images/combination/Number14.jpg • Takes time and repeated effort • Requires feedback Image credit: http://americashorsedaily.com/wpcontent/uploads/Lynn-Palm1304.jpg • The horse makes the decision (and sometimes it won’t be the right one) Image credit: http://cdn.thehorse.com/images/cms/2012/11/pay-per-usechestnut-horse-headshaking.jpg?preset=feature Image credit: http://www.writingofriding.com/wpcontent/uploads/2013/07/girl-riding-black-horse.jpg If we don’t teach students and help them understand the significance of academic integrity . . . If we rely solely on mechanisms that prevent them from cheating rather than teaching them why they should choose not to . . . If the only reason students aren’t cheating is because we are stopping them from cheating. . . . . . then they are not developing the capacity to make ethical choices. Image credit: http://news.bbcimg.co.uk/media/images/60152000/jpg/_60152494_beaming_rex464.jpg Primary: + Education + Conversations + Expectations___ Culture of Integrity Supported by: Vigilance Policies, Codes, and Rules Technology There is no way to teach students to make good choices without giving them enough freedom to make bad ones. That is not to say that there shouldn’t be consequences, but it is suggesting they must have room to fail. There is no way to teach students to make good choices without allowing freedom to make bad ones. That is not to say that there shouldn’t be consequences, but it is suggesting they must have room to fail. When they do (and some will), if we provide the right kind of response, more of them will get it right the next time—and they will understand why. Failures are finger posts on the road to achievement. ~C. S. Lewis Remember that failure is an event, not a person. Zig Ziglar “a constellation of encounters, both planned and unplanned, that promote growth through the acquisition of knowledge, skills, understanding and appreciation” Noddings, Nel (2002) Starting at Home. Caring and Social Policy Connect with us! www.Facebook.com/AcademicIntegrity Twitter.com/TweetCAI We’ll see you next year in Vancouver!