SLEEP AND DREAMS

Report
SLEEP
AND
DREAMS
Made by Raminta Mockutė
PSbns1-03
CONTENT
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Why Do We Sleep and Need for Sleep
The Stages of Sleep
The Function and Meaning of Dreaming
Sleep Disorders
Circadian Rhythms
Daydreams
Sleeping Better
10 Interesting Facts About Dreams
Conclusion
References
Why Do We Sleep and Need for Sleep
• Sleep is a critical survival need, similar to eating, drinking
and breathing
• Sleep is a requirement for normal human functioning
• Sleep assists physical growth and brain development in
children
• We need sleep to restore and repair various systems in our
brains
• A lack of sleep can make us feel edgy, weary, irritable,
slow our reaction time
The Stages of Sleep
•
•
•
•
•
Stage 1 sleep
Stage 2 sleep
Stage 3 sleep
Stage 4 sleep
Stage 5 sleep or Rapid Eye Movement
(REM) sleep
The Function and Meaning of Dreaming
• Psychoanalytic explanations of dreams: do dreams
represent unconscious wish fulfillment?
• Evolutionary explanations of dreams: dreams-forsurvival theory
• Neuroscience explanations of dreams: activationsynthesis theory
Sleep Disorders
• Insomnia
• Sleep apnea
• Night terrors
• Narcolepsy
• Sleepwalking and
sleeptalking
Circadian Rhythms
Biological processes that occur
regularly on approximately a twentyfour-hour cycle.
Daydreams
• Dreams without sleep
• Fantasies that people
construct while awake
Sleeping Better
• Exercise during the day (at least six hours before bedtime)
and avoid naps
• Choose a regular bedtime and stick to it
• Avoid drinks with caffeine after lunch
• Drink a glass of warm milk at bedtime
• Avoid sleeping pills
• Try not to sleep
10 Interesting Facts About Dreams
1. You forget 90% of your dreams.
2. Blind people also have dreams.
3. Everybody dreams.
4. In our dreams we only see familiar faces.
5. Not everybody dreams in color.
6. Dreams are symbolic.
7. Negative emotions in dreams are more often than
positive ones.
8. You can have four to seven dreams in one night.
9. Animals dream too.
10. Men and women dream differently.
Conclusion
Sleep is the regular state
of natural rest observed in
all mammals, birds and
fish. Sleep is a critical
survival need, similar to
eating, drinking and
breathing.
References
• Robert S. Feldman Understanding Psychology. 8th
edition, 2008.
• http://www.psychologistworld.com/sleep/ (2012-02-22)
• http://www.rationality.net/sleepdreams.htm(2012-02-21)
• http://psychology.about.com/od/statesofconsciousness/a
/SleepStages.htm(2012-02-21)
• http://do-while.com/10-interesting-facts-about-dreams/
(2012-02-22)
Pictures references
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-V1ZPBP7LFxA/TbR65-xWiI/AAAAAAAAAqM/WEpA6UVcbIo/s1600/sleep.jpg
http://do-while.com/img/life/facts-about-dreams/facts-about-dreams07.jpg
http://images.sodahead.com/polls/001954473/1854406599_daydreaming_girl_xlarge.jpeg
http://hotcinnamonsticks.files.wordpress.com/2010/02/sweet20dreams.jpg
http://www.bizarremedical.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/sleepwalking-cartoon.gif
http://www.narcoleptics.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/Narcolepsy.jpg
http://www.insomniacurestreatment.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/1.jpg
http://saglikcalisanlari.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/osaapnea.jpg
http://annawrites.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/nightmares.jpg
http://wwwbiology.ucsd.edu/img/gallery_images/community/Community_photo_10.jpg
http://cache.johnchow.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/sleep-dog2.jpg
THE END

similar documents