Chapter 9 - Delmar Cengage Learning

Report
Chapter 9
The Urinary System
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Overview of Structures,
Combining Forms, and Functions
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Primary Structures of the Urinary
System
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Kidneys
• Primary Functions
– Filter the blood to remove waste products.
– Maintain electrolyte concentrations.
– Remove excess water to maintain the fluid volume within the
body.
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Kidneys
• Related Combining Forms
– nephr/o
– ren/o
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Renal Pelvis
• Primary Function
– Collects urine produced by the kidney.
• Related Combining Form
– pyel/o
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Urine
• Primary Function
– Liquid waste product produced by the kidney that is to be
excreted.
• Related Combining Forms
– ur/o, urin/o
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Ureters
• Primary Function
– Transport urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
• Related Combining Form
– ureter/o
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Urinary Bladder
• Primary Function
– Stores urine until it is excreted.
• Related Combining Form
– cyst/o
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Urinary Bladder
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Urethra
• Primary Function
– Transports urine from the bladder through the urethral meatus,
where it is excreted from the body.
• Related Combining Form
– urethr/o
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Animations
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Cystoscopy
Click Here to play
Cystoscopy animation
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Urine Formation
Click Here to play Urine animation
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Answers to Learning Exercises
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Chapter 9 Answers
Matching Word Parts 1
9.1. cyst/o
9.2. glomerul/o
9.3. -cele
9.4. nephr/o
9.5. lith/o
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Matching Word Parts 2
9.6. -ptosis
9.7. pyel/o
9.8. -lysis
9.9. -pexy
9.10. -tripsy
Chapter 9 Answers
Matching Word Parts 3
9.11. dia9.12. -ectasis
9.13. ureter/o
9.14. urethr/o
9.15. -uria
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Definitions
9.16. ureters
9.17. cystolith
9.18. diuresis
9.19. renal pelvis
9.20. urethra
Chapter 9 Answers
Definitions
9.21. urochrome
9.22. urethra
9.23. urologist
9.24. paraspadias
9.25. ablation
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Matching Structures
9.26. urethral meatus
9.27. glomerulus
9.28. renal cortex
9.29. urethra
9.30. ureters
Chapter 9 Answers
Which Word?
9.31. pyelotomy
9.32. urethrorrhagia
9.33. polyuria
9.34. cystitis
9.35. urea
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Spelling Counts
9.36. Wilms
9.37. incontinence
9.38. catheterization
9.39. Kegel
9.40. vesicovaginal
Chapter 9 Answers
Abbreviation
Identification
9.41. benign prostatic
hypertrophy
9.42. end-stage renal disease
9.43. extracorporeal shock
wave lithotripsy
9.44. intravenous pyelogram
9.45. overactive bladder
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Term Selection
9.46. anuria
9.47. cystorrhaphy
9.48. nephrolysis
9.49. oliguria
9.50. hemodialysis
Chapter 9 Answers
Sentence Completion
9.51. trigonitis
9.52. ureterolithiasis
9.53. suprapubic
catheterization
9.54. cystopexy
9.55. transurethral
resection
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Word Surgery
9.56. hyper-, protein,
-uria
9.57. hydro-, nephr, -osis
9.58. cyst/o, urethr/o,
-graphy
9.59. nephr/o, lith,
-otomy
9.60. lith/o, -tripsy
Chapter 9 Answers
True/False
9.61. True
9.62. False
9.63. False
9.64. True
9.65. True
Clinical Conditions
9.66. nocturia
9.67. polycystic
9.68. interstitial cystitis
9.69. urethrostenosis
9.70. epispadias
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Chapter 9 Answers
Clinical Conditions
9.71. peritoneal dialysis
9.72. ureteroplasty
9.73. prostate-specific
antigen
9.74. glomerulonephritis
9.75. nephroptosis
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Which Is the Correct
Medical Term?
9.76. uremia
9.77. nocturnal enuresis
9.78. ureterectasis
9.79. hypoproteinemia
9.80. nephrologist
Chapter 9 Answers
Challenge Word
Building
9.81. cystostomy
9.82. nephrotomy
9.83. nephrosclerosis
9.84. cystoptosis
9.85. urethrocele
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9.86. ureterolysis
9.87. nephromalacia
9.88. pyelonephritis
9.89. cystorrhexis
9.90. cystoplasty
Chapter 9 Answers
Labeling Exercises
9.91. adrenal
9.92. kidney
9.93. vena cava
9.94. urethra
9.95. cortex
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9.96. medulla
9.97. aorta
9.98. ureters
9.99. bladder
9.100. meatus

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