Ensuring Better WASH Access to Poor and Vulnerable

Report
Ensuring better WASH access
to poor and vulnerable
A Water Aid Experience in Morena District of MP
Partner Organization: Dharti
Project Area-Amba block, Morena District
Panchayat : 30
Total Village : 108
Total HH : 13000
Poor and Vulnerable Communities
Panchayat
HH Covered
Total Population
30
7368
36893
Project Target Community
Schedule cast, OBC, minorities & manual scavengers (Valmikis).
Issues in the region
• The project area, a part of Chambal region is characterised by ecological
degradation (ravine affected), overexploitation of ground water, water scarcity
in summer and social discrimination.
• Deep rooted cast based system- leading to social exclusion and inequitable
access to Water and sanitation
• low sanitation coverage and usage • Inequitable access of services for example in one village Dimni 59% HH depend
only 8 HP and 41% have 9 HP and 2 water Supply scheme)
• Low capacity of Panchayat to execute water and sanitation programme
Processes of Project implementation
Community mobilization- Spreading the word around
sanitation through
1-Interpersonal communication-it was done by trained ASHA worker and
project staff through house to house visit, regular review meeting of
community leaders and project team
2-Mass media mobilization- wall painting, celebration of important event
like global hand WASH day, world toilet day and world water day, use of
local cultural group and use of local print media
3-Ensuring school participation – enabling children to articulate WASH
requirement
Processes of Project implementation
• Situational analysis for water and sanitation coverage
through base line data collection
• Vulnerability mapping through Participatory data collection
to identify marginalised community
43%
57%
Marginalised HH
General HH
Processes of Project implementation
Developing Human Resources
Under the programme several training packages were developed and
training conducted to strengthen supply as well as demand side for better
WASH coverage and access
Training detail
2008-09
VWSC Training – R&R
193
ASHA Worker Training
93
AWW Training
79
Strengthening of
HP Mechanic
Training
(Village
62
PRIs and
VWSCs
in Youth)
programme
Caretaker Training
(Village Youth)
68
planning,
Mason implementation
Training(Village Mason)
114
and
sustenance
PRIs Training
(PRIs Representative)
474
Water Quality Training
115
(Trained HP Mechanic & Caretaker)
Teacher Training –from project villages
Nil
Training of masons,
HP mechanics
caretakers &WQ
testing to strengthen
supply chain for
better service
delivery
2009-10 2010-11
482
66
78
74
45
60
Nil
64
total
232
34
Capacity building
of ASHA, AWW &
School teachers
in various aspects
of programme
motivation
741 and
communication
907
193
157
136
113
174
1215
179
83
907
These are not merely numbers but a trained work force
for sustained action
Strengthening Supply Chain
• Project has also promoted a
block level resource center
for better service delivery to
water and sanitation facility
• The center has all the
information
on
the
availability of mechanic and
masons in the Ambah Block
of Morena
Processes of Project implementation
Engaging and lobbying at Block and district level
• Lobbying with line departments-Including PHED,TSC,RES, education and
Health for timely fund flow and effective programme implementation
• Formation of block level WATSAN Committee to engage and advocate with
line departments ( group is also involved in Study on TSC, study on the
availability and accessibility of water).
• Organizing district level events to highlight water and sanitation issues and
to showcase programme achievements- some of the events are World
Water Day, Global Hand Wash Day and longest toilet queue
• Engaging with elected representatives for effective programme
implementation
Processes of Project implementation
Setting the pace for progress
• The different hardware and soft ware training programmes have
succeeded in giving programme a strong base
• It is ASHA workers, school children, village youths, masons, HP mechanics
with active support of Panchayat institutions and VWSCs who play a
major role in motivating the community
• This has resulted in actual action at field level in terms of actual
construction of toilets and ensuring effective usage
Project out put
Sn Hardware Activity
Total
1
2
3
4
5
6
8
9
11
12
54
86
126
1
1776
7
45
12
14
23
New Hand Pump
Restored hand Pump
Repair Hand Pump
Piped water supply scheme
Individual House hold latrine
School Sanitary Block
Compost Pit- NADEP
Biogas
Community Building Roof water harvesting
Other structures-Soak pit
The project intervention not only
tried to build household toilets but
adopted an integrated approach to
create improved drinking water
facilities
Completed Hardware Activities 2008-09 and 2009-2010
Percent reach to marginaised community
For project
supported
hard ware
activities,
well
defined
Indicators
to select
the
marginalis
ed groups/
families
were in
place
120
100
100
80
73
63
71
70
62
60
40
20
0
HP
Restoration
Repair
New HP
Installation
Mini Water
supply
Scheme
Toilets
Community
RWH
The above trend clearly indicate that project has made a
conscious effort to increase access of water and sanitation for
the marginalised communities
Project Outcome
• Project Intervention able to reach marginalized communities despite deep
rooted social biases.
• The project intervention facilitated the good practices through community
processes around water and sanitation issues. Villages like Mahadev ka
pura, Kishanlal ka pura, Goath, Nayapura and Dimni now inspire
communities from other places.
• A trained cadre of youths, ASHA worker and empowered GPs can now take
forward the processes of sanitation coverage on their own
• Improved access of water has contributed towards personal hygiene and
sustainability of sanitation. As Guddi Bai of Kishan Lal ka purva narrated
the hardship of regular bathing and use of toilet when there was no hand
pump, now with the assured availability of water not only personal
hygiene has improved but usage of toilet is regularized in all the HH
Sanitation access in project area
learning
• Identify appropriate simple, affordable decentralized sanitation systems
and promote their adoption
• Implementation of appropriate technologies with the participation of
communities to be served increases the sustainability of created facilities
• Focus on health and hygiene education can improve the maintenance and
use of physical facilities. Hygienic behavior can also support the
improvements brought about by the infrastructure.
• If existing human resources or govt. extension workers are properly
motivated and capacitated
then they can contribute towards
sustainability of physical facilities
• Sustained efforts and proper capacity building of villages level institutions
can improve coverage of sanitation

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