FSC_BAN_FAO Sathkhira Presentation__05.04.12

Report
Agriculture
Situation
Update
Assessment and Analysis
Current Problems/Vulnerabilities
•Waterlogging
•Siltation
•Erosion
•Lack of Irrigation Water
•Lack of Fresh Water Reserver
•Lack of Polder Management
•Climate Change
•Lack of Fresh Water Flow
•Lack of Appropriate Technology
Waterlogging Risks
• Reduce scope of crop cultivation
• Mortality of fruits and plantation crops
• Affects soil health
•
•
•
•
Siltation Risks
Affect drainage system
Create water logging
Increase flood threat
Hamper water flow of canal and river
Lack of Appropriate technology Risks
•
Hamper food security
Erosion Risks
• Affect Fertility
• Decrease cultivable land area
• Migration of agricultural labor
Lack of Irrigation Water Risks
• Hamper irrigation
• Reduce crop production and yield
• Decrease cultivable land area
Lack of Fresh Water Risks
• Hamper irrigation
• Reduce crop production and yield
Lack of Polder Management Risks
•
•
•
•
Erosion of soil
Hamper plantation crop
Outside siltation increase
Hamper drainage system
Lack of fresh water Flow Risks
• Salinity increased
• Washing of Land hamperred-Crop production and
yield decreased
• Unavailability of irrigation water
• Decrease cultivable land area
Climate Change Risks
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Cyclone Increase (SIDR, AILA)
Embankment erosion
Waterlogging
Siltation
Changing cropping pattern
Reduce cropping intensity
Crop biodiversity affected
Salinity Risks
•
•
•
•
Hamper crop production and yield
Soil degradation
Crops extinction
Affect homestead garden and Fodder cultivation
Lack of Appropriate technology Risks
Hamper food security
Technological and other options
• Development of saline tolerant varieties
• Development of sustainable crop production
technology
• Multipurpose polder management
• Development of rain water harvester
• Establishment of rain water reservoir
• Excavation and re-excavation of canal and rivers
• Creating awareness on climate change
Technological and other options
 Training for farmers on crop production under stress
condition
 Capacity building of the extension agents and officers
 Coordination among GOB/Donors and NGOs
 Development of Early warning system on climatic
hazards
 Seed storage facilities on cyclone and flood prone areas
 Community based extension approach (FFS)
 Conservation biodiversity
 Adaptive research
 Extension-education-research
Crop Type and Area Under Inundation
District
Satkhira
Upazila
Area under inundation(ha)
Seed
bed of
T.Aman
Aus
Vegetable
/ spices
Total
Percentage
of
inundation
T.Aman
1.Sadar
0
2000
800
0
2800
12.76
2.Kolaroa
50
3040
300
0
3390
20.95
3.Tala
460
1420
1450
970
4300
62.91
4.Debhata
75
2625
225
109
3034
49.94
5.kaligonj
380
4200
820
310
5710
42.63
6.Ashasuni
380
1480
45
0
1905
64.25
7.Shaymnagar
675
2700
250
290
3915
81.04
TOTAL
2020
17465
3890
1679
250054
34.69
Assessment and Analysis
Sadar & Tala
83,452 farmers
lost 10,860
hectares of aus
and T aman
rice crops,
vegetables and
tubers. 2012
yield reduction
expected 2030% (DLS)
Cropping Calendar
A typical Rice cropping System calendar for Satkhira
Season
Rice crop
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
System
Rabi
Boro
Irrigated
Kharif I
Aus
Rainfed
Kharif II
T. Amon
Rainfed
A typical crop calendar for Satkhira
The majority of farmers
growing aus rice lost their
crops to the flood as it was
ready for harvest. T aman
rice was their post-flood
crop.
Assessment and Analysis
Economic Analysis
Crops
Total land (ha)
Total loss (‘000 Tk.)
T. Aus
3378
152010
T. Aman Seed Bed
908
4995
11736
528120
Spices
185
3700
Vegetables
918
110160
17125
798985
T. Aman
Total
Nearly 80 percent of Satkhira District was classified as “double cropping of rice”
employing a large number of landless labourers.
Assessment and Analysis
Livestock Losses due to Water Logging
•
•
•
•
•
•
142,800 chickens
•Infrastructural losses were
estimated around Tk. 217
4,381 ducks
lakh
62,800 cows
58,500 goats
Sadar & Tala
18,840 livestock rearers who lost or
1,280 sheep
were forced to sell their animals, or
were affected by a relocation and loss
180 buffalo
of production, from 32,200 cattle,
Source: Department of Livestock Services (DLS)
Assessment and Analysis
33,600 goats, 840 sheep, and 66,000
chickens and ducks
Fisheries Damages due to Water Logging
• Around 27,967 fishers and fishermen
affected
• Sadar & Tala: 20,182 fish farmers who
suffered damage to fish ponds and lost 9,086
metric tonnes of fish-stock, 1,564 metric
tonnes of shrimps and 19.5 million
•Estimated
fingerlings.
Source: Department of Livestock Services (DLS)
Assessment and Analysis
financial loss due
to inundation Tk.
30147.17 lakh
Joint FAO & GoB Interventions (2011)
Upazils
FAO interventions
Kind of support
HH
Assasuni
Tala
1000 Fisheries-(800-Carp
fingerlings and 5-fertilizers,
50 kg feed/HH
650 Poultry18 chicken,
120 kg feed& shed materials /HH
250 Poultry18 chicken,
120 kg feed & shed materials/HH
-
Debhata
-
Total
1900 Fisheries/
Poultry
Assessment
and Analysis
Shymnagar
-
GOB interventions
HH
Kind of support
20
Seedlings of T.Aman
Rice
80
Seedlings of T.Aman
Rice
20
Seedlings of T.Aman
Rice
20 Seedlings of T.Aman
Rice
140 T.Aman Rice
FAO Interventions (2011)
Sub components
Original number of
beneficiaries (as per
project document)
Crop component
Boro Rice
Maize
Horticulture (100% women )
Agriculture Machinery
Low Lift Pump and pipes
Aus Rice
Total of crop component
Number of
beneficiaries
(Implemented)
10,000
3200
40,000
10,000
2,500
65,700
10,000
1944
40,000
10,000
2,500
5,000
69,444
Goat
Cow
Chicken
Livestock component
Fishery component
2,000
700
5,000
7,700
2,000
700
5,000
7,700
Aquaculture
Capture Fishery (FRP boats) and
boat building
Total of fishery component
Total
7,800
810
7,800
145
8,610
82,010
7,945
85,089
Assessment and Analysis
Status of Cultivation and production of Aus in 2010-11 and Aman in 2011-12
AUS
Production
Target
(mt/ha)
Cultivation Area
(ha)
Sl. No.
Production
(mt/ha)
Upazila
Hybrid
HYV
Local
Total
HYV
Local
Hybrid
HYV
Local
1
Sadar
125
3610
-
3735
3.6
2.8
-
2
Kolaroa
275
3340
-
3615
3.13
3.04
-
3
Tala
-
1795
10
1805
-
2.24
14
4
Debhata
10
600
-
610
3.6
2.58
-
5
Kaligonj
35
1855
-
1890
3.05
2.69
-
2.40
6
Assasuni
7
Shyamnagar
Total
1.18
10
220
-
230
3.00
2.6
-
380
-
380
-
2.75
12265
3.26
2.75
455
11800
10
Assessment and Analysis
1.4
Status of Cultivation and production of Aus in 2010-11 and Aman in 2011-12
AMAN
Cultivation Area
(ha)
Upazila
Production Target
(mt/ha)
Production
(mt/ha)
Sl. No
Remarks
HYV
Local
Total
HYV
Local
HYV
Local
1
Sadar
17500
500
18000
2.90
1.4
2
Kolaroa
12310
40
12350
2.90
1.42
3
Tala
7540
800
8340
2.75
1.45
4
Debhata
5350
0
5350
2.74
-
5
Kaligonj
17320
80
17400
2.72
2.7
1.4
1.60
6
Assasuni
9090
240
9330
2.6
1.37
7
Shyamnagar
15470
840
16310
2.57
1.41
2500
87080
Assessment and Analysis
2.74
Total
84580
1.42
Cultivation target
could not be
achieved due to
excess rainfall
Upcoming GOB Support for Rice Farmers in Sathkhira District
No of
farmers
to be
supported
4615
Inputs to be distributed
Area to be
covered
(in ha)
615
Aus Seed HYV
(in mt)
23.075
Fertilizer
(in mt)
Urea
92.300
TSP
46.150
Total
MOP
46.150
Source: Control Room, DAE, Khamarbari, Dhaka.
Each farmer will get 5 kg Aus (HYV) seed, 20 kg Urea, 10kg TSP and 10 kg MOP = total 45 kg
Assessment and Analysis
production inputs
42.688
8
Upcoming FAO Interventions
OVERALL GOAL: Reduce vulnerability (by improving food production and
income generation) and develop coping mechanisms to protect livelihoods
against future flooding and water-logging.
OUTCOME: The adoption of agricultural diversification, technologies and
practices by 1000 farmers from Satkhila District that are unable to grow rice
crops because of persistent water-logging of their paddy fields
Output
1. Suitable options
for agricultural diversification in water-logged areas
2. Replication/up-scaling of new & improved floodplain seasonal fisheries & orchard
management technologies & practices
3. Capacity building of DAE, DoF, service providers & farmers’ groups, associations,
producer & marketing CBOs, etc
Assessment and Analysis
Upcoming FAO Interventions
Subcomponent
Number of
Groups
Number of
Beneficiaries (HHs)
Type of
intervention
Type of inputs
100 Crop
Farmer’s Groups
2500 beneficiary
farmers (@ 25
farmers per group)
Crop seed &
fertilizer
HYV rice seed &
fertilizer (MOP, TSP,
Urea)
50 Horticulture
Farmer’s Groups
1250 beneficiary
farmers (@ 25
farmers per group)
Horticulture
20 Livestock
Farmer’s Groups
(landless/margin
al livestock
rearers)
25 Fish Farmer’s
Groups of
farmers
195 Groups
500 beneficiary
farmers (@ 25
farmers per group)
Crop
production
Animal
husbandry
Aquaculture
Total
625 small-scale fish
farmers (carp or
shrimp packages)
4 875 HHs
Assessment and Analysis
5 fruit tree saplings, 5vegetable seed packets,
fertilizer (NPK), spades
and watering cans
2 goats/sheep per HH with feed
Packages of carp/shrimp (golda/bagda)
and with lime, fertilizer and feed for
each package

similar documents