6a2 Pantawid Pamilya _H. Bayudan, 5Jun12‎

Report
Philippine Conditional Cash Transfer Program
Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4P’s )
for the Regional Conference on Public Sector
Management in Support of the MDG’s
13-15 June 2012
Bangkok, Thailand
by:
Honorita B. Bayudan
Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD)
DSWD Mandate
“To provide assistance to local government
units (LGUs), non-government organizations
(NGOs), other national government agencies
(NGAs); people’s organizations (POs) and other
members
of
civil
society
in
effectively
implementing programs, projects, and services
that will alleviate poverty and empower
disadvantaged
individuals,
families
and
communities for an improved quality of life.”
(Executive Order No 15 dated 20 August 1998)
4P’s BASIC CONCEPTS AND PROCEDURES
PROGRAM DESCRIPTION
• It promotes and supports the Philippine Commitment to the UN
Convention of the Rights of the Child (CRC) through provision of
health, education and other services as basic rights of children.
•
The program was patterned after the Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT)
programs in Latin American countries such as Mexico, Columbia and
Brazil which have been proven successful as a poverty reduction and
social development measure.
PROGRAM GOALS
• Social Assistance – to provide cash assistance to the poor to alleviate
their needs (short term).
•
Social Development – to break the intergenerational poverty cycle
through investment in human capital , i.e. health, nutrition and
education ( long term )
Designed to Meet the MDGs
4Ps works to attain the following MDGs:
Eradicating
Extreme
Poverty and
Hunger
Achieving
Universal
Primary
Education
Promoting
Gender
Equality
and
Empowerin
g Women
Reducing
Child
Mortality
Improving
Maternal
Health
Objectives
1.
To improve preventive health care among pregnant
women and young children
2.
To increase the enrollment in and attendance rate of
children in school
3.
To reduce the incidence of child labor
4.
To raise the average consumption rate in food
expenditure of poor households
5.
To encourage parents to invest in their children’s (and
their own) human capital through investments in their
health and nutrition, education, and participation in
community activities
Conditions as Co-responsibilities
A. Health & Nutrition
• Pregnant women avail pre- and
post- natal care and Childbirth
supervised by health
professional
• Children 0 to 5 years old avail
complete immunization, weight
monitoring, nutrition
counseling & preventive health
services
• Children 6 to 14 avail deworming pills twice a year
Conditions as Co-responsibilities
B.
Education
• Children 3 to 5 years old
enrolled in Day Care with 85%
class attendance/month
• Children 6 to 14 enrolled in
elementary and high school
with 85% class
attendance/month
C.
Parenting Education
• Attend Family Development
Sessions once a month
Program Benefits
4Ps provides conditional cash grants to beneficiaries,
through Landbank cash , to wit:
Health and Nutrition Grant
P6,000 per year or P500 per month per
household or $ 11.6
Education
P3,000 per year or P300 per month per
child for 10 months a year, to a
maximum of 3 children per household
or $ 6.9 at P 43 to a dollar
A household with three qualified children receives a subsidy of
P1,400/month during the school year or P15,000 annually as long
as they comply with the conditionalities , the amount range from $
11 ( P 500 ) to $ 32 (P 1,400.00) depending on the number of
eligible children
•
Land Bank ATM (cash card) = 1,019,819 HH
•
Land Bank Over-the-Counter (Off-Site) = 560,441 HH
•
Globe G-Cash Remit = 525,870 HH
•
Rural Banks = 417,860 HH
•
First Consolidated Bank (FCB) = 44,879 HH
•
Philpost – 170,598 HH
•
The parameter as basis in determining the conduit
is P 100.00 expense on the part of the beneficiary
9
Program Cycle
3
Selection of
Households
(Enumeration, PMT, &
Eligibility Check)
4
Community
Assembly
(Registration and
Validation of
Households)
2
Supply-Side
Assessment
5
Family Registry
Preparation
(Final list of enrolled
4Ps beneficiaries with
LBP enrollment)
1st
6
Release
(Availability of health &
education facilities &
service providers)
1
Selection of
Provinces /
Municipalities
(SAE)
8
nd
2 Succeeding
Releases
7
Verification of
Compliance with
Conditions
Community Assemblies
Updates/Grievance and Complaints
NHTSPR Overview
PROJECT BACKGROUND:
•
NHTSPR was established after the 4Ps (CCT) proved the targeting system was a more effective
approach in determining and ensuring poor households enjoy the benefits;
•
The NHTSPR Project Management Offices (N/RPMOs) were established last March 2009
composed of a mix of regular and contracted personnel of the DSWD to implement the nationwide
assessment. The PMOs hired and trained field staff consisting of enumerators, encoders, area
supervisors, area coordinators, regional field supervisors, and regional IT officers.
•
Target number of households to cover is 4.7M poor households out of 1,492 municipalities and 137
cities nationwide;
•
Information Technology (IT) systems such as Encoding Application (with validation routines), Proxy
Means Test module, and Duplicity Checker along with hardware equipments (such as servers,
internet connectivity and collocation, laptops, storage facility, etc.) were simultaneously developed,
tested and deployed during the enumeration phase;
•
Executive Order 867 series of 2010, “Providing for the Adoption of the National Household
Targeting System for Poverty Reduction as the Mechanism for Identifying Poor Households
who shall be Recipients of Social Protection Programs Nationwide”
The Household Targeting System
Feature of the Household Assessment
Assess all households in all poor areas and those pockets
of poverty through house to house interviews using a 2page questionnaire with 34 variables. Interviews are
conducted inside the household since most of the
variables used for assessing household status are
observable and verifiable such as




Housing conditions (walls, roof) and tenure status (own or rent house),
Access to basic services (toilet, water supply, electricity) and
Ownership of assets,
Household composition and size by key age groups (small children, school age
children, elderly),
 Education of household members (no education, elementary, high school,
college),
 Occupation
STATUS OF IMPLEMENTATION
DATA SHARING









DSWD’s Pantawid Pamilya, Social Pension, and Rice Subsidy for Farmer’s
and Fisherfolk’s
Philippine Health Insurance’s Social Indigent Sponsorship Program
Department of Energy on Electrification Project
NAPC on Waterless Communities Project
Office of the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process on Internal
Displacement Project
International Labor Organization on Child Labor
World Vision
All Congressmen
Five (5) Provincial Governor s
Selection of Household Beneficiaries through
the Household Targeting System –NHTS NPMO
Geographical Targeting
Selection of Areas to be surveyed based
on Poverty Incidence (NSCB data)
2.
Household Assessment
(Enumeration)
Assess all households in areas selected
based on geographical targeting.
3.
Selection of Poor
Beneficiaries using Proxy
Means Test
1.
4.
Eligibility Check
Income is estimated through proxy
variables of the socioeconomic
conditions of the HH instead of asking
directly about their income.
Identification of potential 4Ps
beneficiaries (i.e. households with
pregnant women and or children 0-14
y/o
PROGRAM SYSTEM AND COMPONENTS
I. SUPPLY SIDE ASSESSMENT (SSA)
II. BENEFICIARY DATA MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
III.COMPLIANCE VERIFICATION SYSTEM
IV.FAMILY DEVELOPMENT SESSION
V. GRIEVANCE REDRESS SYSTEM
VI.PAYMENT SYSTEM
INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENT
AND MECHANISM
4Ps Project Management & Organizational Structure
National Project Management Office
(NPMO)
National Project
Management Team
Regional Project Management Office
(RPMO) ,
Regional Project
Management Team
• National Project Management Office - oversee and provide technical
support to the overall management and operations of the program, and
mainstreamed in the overall operation of DSWD at the national level
through the NPMT.
• Regional Project Management Offices -execute all plans, policies,
tasks and activities in the implementation of the program and
mainstreamed in the overall regional operation through the RPMT.
Interagency Partnerships
4Ps is implemented through an inter-agency cooperation
between the Department of Social Welfare and
Development and the ff partners:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Department of Education (DepEd)
Department of Heath (DOH)
Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG)
National Anti-Poverty Commission (NAPC)
Council for the Welfare of Children (CWC)
National Nutrition Council (NNC)
National Economic Development Authority (NEDA)
Department of Budget and Management (DBM)
Local Government Units (LGUs)
4Ps Joint Memorandum Circular s. of 2009 signed by the
agencies articulates the collective and specific responsibilities of each
agency in the implementation of Pantawid Pamilya.
Advisory Committees
National Advisory
Committee
Regional Advisory
Committee
Policy Directions and Guidance
Act as Nat’l Grievance
Committee
Translate national policies into
region-specific operational
guidelines. Resolves grievance
and complaints
Provincial Advisory
Committee
Supply Side augmentation and
Monitoring, provision of support
services and resolutions of
grivances & complaints
Municipal Advisory
Committee
Ensure/facilitate provision of
supply side needs and support
services for 4Ps beneficiaries .
Partnerships with Volunteers
• For transparency and participation the DSWD
enjoins the involvement of Volunteer Groups
and NGOs in the implementation of its
mandate;
• Aimed at sharing of expertise, skills, and
knowledge in working with disadvantaged
individuals, groups and families;
• Affirmation of commitments through a
Memorandum of Agreeement for partnership
and collaboration in the implementation of the
program.
PROGRAM STATUS AND TARGETS FOR 2012
Table A. Geographic
Coverage
LEVEL
Region
Province
City
Municipality
Barangay
TOTAL
/1
NATIONWIDE
17
80
138
1,496
42,026
COVERAGE
% OF COVERAGE
17
79
138
1,261
32,639
100.00%
98.75%
100.00%
84.29%
77.66%
Household Coverage by Island Group
(as of 23 May 2012
Mindanao
1,295,492
(42.96%)
Visayas
689,859
(22.88%)
Luzon
1,030,320
(34.17%)
20
21
STATISTICS/
REPORT
HOUSEHOLD BENEFICIARIES
GRANTEES
Male
Female
CHILDREN 0-14 YEARS OLD
Male
Female
CHILDREN 0-2 YEARS OLD
Male
Female
CHILDREN 3-5 YEARS OLD
Male
Female
CHILDREN 6-14 YEARS OLD
Male
Female
CHILDREN 15-17 YEARS OLD
Male
Female
IP Beneficiaries
Households with PWD Members
Hearing
Mental
Multiple Disabilities
Orthopedic
Speech
Visual
Other type
Households with Solo Parents
Households with Farmers and/or
Fisherfolks
SET 1
SET 2
321,624
273,117
321,624
39,025
282,599
273,117
20,913
252,204
753,353
387,372
365,981
254
122
132
145,710
75,249
70,461
607,389
312,001
295,388
168,881
87,440
81,441
39,623
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
233,036
648,208
333,854
314,354
1,915
952
963
155,286
80,323
74,963
491,007
252,579
238,428
135,738
69,701
66,037
89,247
13,960
1,291
1,287
2,267
1,984
1,563
2,252
3,316
16,750
211,038
SET 3
SET 4
Increase/
(Decrease)/2
SET 5
TOTAL
725,571
3,015,671
(342)
1,289,457
95,879
1,193,578
725,571
59,942
665,629
3,015,671
241,938
2,773,733
(342)
1,906
(2,248)
1,050,308 3,226,238
542,566
1,665,142
507,742
1,561,096
30,559
115,856
15,789
60,106
14,770
55,750
242,317
755,064
125,864
390,336
116,453
364,728
777,432
2,355,318
400,913
1,214,700
376,519
1,140,618
207,764
624,577
106,633
322,370
101,131
302,207
82,184
229,997
21,692
66,359
1,996
5,962
1,753
5,789
3,572
10,004
2,907
9,629
2,129
7,198
3,506
11,397
5,829
16,380
28,966
85,933
264,873
738,744
1,867,508
968,150
899,358
94,894
49,376
45,518
440,406
229,100
211,306
1,332,208
689,674
642,534
339,292
176,187
163,105
104,000
44,566
3,780
3,874
6,819
6,620
4,430
7,863
11,180
47,048
330,257
7,545,615
3,897,084
3,648,531
243,478
126,345
117,133
1,738,783
900,872
837,911
5,563,354
2,869,867
2,693,487
1,476,252
762,331
713,921
545,051
146,577
13,029
12,703
22,662
21,140
15,320
25,018
36,705
178,697
1,777,948
(3,728)
(2,215)
(1,513)
(5,309)
(2,849)
(2,460)
(2,190)
(1,088)
(1,102)
3,771
1,722
2,049
1,888
1,038
850
(1)
(20)
(2)
(1)
(2)
(2)
(3)
(5)
(5)
(60)
(256)
405,902 1,289,457
405,902
26,179
379,723
*variable not included in HAF for Set 1
/1
Source: National Statisitical Coordination Board
/2
A decrease is attributed to the 361 delisted households from 17-23 May 2012 of which
309(85.60%) were delisted after voluntarily waived from the program. Meanwhile, there were
12 reactivated households and 7 late registered households, which resulted to the difference
of 342 households.
22
Convergence and Commitments with Partners
• Partnership with CSOs - As of March 2012, the Department has engaged with
311 CSOs, of which 304 are local partners with 7 national networks thru a Memorandum of
Agreement (MOA) in monitoring the transparency of program implementation under the
framework Bantay, Gabay, Tulay, and Kaagapay. Some of the CSO’s with MOA with DSWD
are I Serve QC, Sinag PPVR QC, CO Multidiversity in NCR and Rizal,Urban Poor Alliance,
Negrense Volunteers for cchange, MAGNETO, Change Politics Movement
• TrabahongLansanganngProgramangPantawidPamilyang Pilipino Program. DSWD
and DPWH jointly launched the said project in 5 September 2011 inTondo, Manila. From
January to March, a total of 1,651PantawidPamilya beneficiaries were hired to work on
landslide maintenance, road maintenance, declogging of drainage laterals, and street
sweeping. For this year, a total of 2,167 beneficiaries are targeted for the project.
• Students Grants-in-Aid Program in Poverty Alleviation. As part of the approved
Disbursement Acceleration Plan of Commission on Higher Education (CHED) and reflecting
the Government thrusts in effectively addressing poverty,
• Department of Environment and Natural Resources for the greening of the environment
as its contribution to climate change
23
4Ps Pilot Spot Check – SWS STUDY
AREAS COVERED - Municipalities of Palapag, Mondragon, and
Pambujan in Northern Samar in February-March 2010 (760 hh
beneficiaries)
 On average, each pregnant woman received 4.7 visits
(antenatal care services) during the duration of the pregnancy
 Of 611 respondents, 79% (482) attended ante-natal care
services at least 3 times during the duration of the pregnancy;
 82% (564 of 689) of children under-five years old attend
growth monitoring and health checkups in health centers in
accordance to DOH protocols
 62% (101 of 164) of the children 1-2 years old received full
immunization, and 84% (137 of 164) had received at least one
immunization
 All 6-14 years old (1,018) received deworming pills at least once
while 32% received two doses during the last school year
 6-11 year-olds: 96% (422 of 440) attend more than 85% of the
school days in the last 3 months
 12-14 year-olds: 86% (77 of 90) attend more that 85% of the
school days in the last 3 months
Key Findings of IPC -Ateneo de Manila
•
Generally observed improvements in school attendance and use of
health services (Immunization, nutrition, illness management, and
maternal health services
•
Students come to school with better clothing, project materials, and
food making them more active in classrooms
•
4Ps is subsidizing the most essential needs of beneficiary households
and significantly eased the scarcity during the lean season
Changes to beneficiary behaviors for demanding more and better
health and education services are observed
•
• Reduction in child labor
MORE COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION IS CONTINOUSLY BEING DONE
BY WORLD BANK AND OTHER DEVELOPMENT PARTNERS
Conclusion:
4Ps has a lot of potential in improving people’s lives and changes
in beneficiary behaviors (related to health and education) have been
observed.
CHALLENGES
• Need to address supply side requirements in
Pantawid Pamilya areas
• Intensify validation process of household
beneficiaries to reduce inclusion/exclusion errors
• Strengthen partnership with NGAs, NGOs,
CSOs and Faith Based Groups along Bantay,
Gabay, Tulay, and Kaagapay
26
• Explore other modalities of payments in very isolated
Pantawid Pamilya areas
• Increase involvement of key stakeholders such as PSWDO,
SWDOs, NAC, PAC, MAC members
• Implement exit and graduation schemes and plans for Set 1
and 2 beneficiaries through Case Management System
using Social Welfare Indicators as a tool.
• Accessing and augmentation of support services by the
LGUs in preparation for and as part of the exit
plan/graduation scheme for beneficiaries.
27
There is a need to strategically pool together
the expertise and resources of the Department
to be more efficient in the implementation of
projects and programs for poverty reduction.
 Common understanding (what and how)
 Common commitment (institutional support)
 Common resolve (convergent action)
Objectives are :
Maximize resources by reducing duplication of Efforts and
enhancing efficiency
 Enhance local skills, knowledge, and collaborative action between
stakeholders for sustainability . Enhance local skills, knowledge, and
collaborative action between stakeholders for sustainability
28
GEOGRAPHIC CONVERGENCE
KALAHI-CIDSS
48
provinces
48 provinces
SEA-K
78
provinces*
46 provinces
46
provinces
78
provinces
4Ps
79
provinces*
29
* Excluding cities, with Metro Manila counted as one province.
Convergence of Strategies
Transformative
Promotive
Protective
• Inclusion
• Accountability
• Building Social
Capital
•Entrepreneurship
•Wealth creation
• Prevention
• Protection
• Investing in human
capital
Poor
Communities
Economically
Active Poor
Poorest
CDD
Kalahi-CIDSS
Livelihood
SEA-K
CCT
4Ps
30
Convergence of Outcomes
KalahiCIDSS
Improved
delivery of
Services to the
poorest
Reduced
Poverty
Inclusion
and
Participation
Improved
Human and
Social Capital
SEA-K
31
Support to the Convergence Efforts
• BANTAY
Projects & activities on anti-corruption
• GABAY
A mechanism in extending technical assistance
• TULAY
Refers to facilitating action, feedback and
monitoring
• KAAGAPAY
Projects and activities on anti-poverty
32

similar documents