Greetings, Subjects and Verbs

Les nombres
Write in the numeral for the following numbers:
• Vingt- 20
Trois• Dix-huitsept• Onzequatre• Cinqdouze• Seizeun• Vingt-neufsix• Deuxdix• Trentequatorze-
Vocab Practice
Unscramble the fragments to form
sentences that make sense.
1. elle / comment / s’appelle
2. je/ bonsoir / m’appelle / Luc
3. pas/ toi/ mal / et
4.comment /-vous / allez
5. très / merci / bien / et/ vous
Introducing and Responding
Mathieu is a new French student at your school. You
meet him and 2 of his friends. Respond to him in
Bonjour. Comment tu t’appelles?
Comment Ça va?
Tu as quel âge?
Je te présente Martin.
Et Ça, c’est Caroline. C’est une amie.
Salut. A plus tard!
• In France, girls kiss both boys and girls on the
cheeks when they meet or say goodbye, or if
they are introduced to someone. The number
of kisses varies from 2 to 4, depending on the
region. Boys shake hands with one another.
Teenagers may kiss adults who are family
members or family friends, but shake hands
when they meet other adults. How does this
compare with the way you greet people in the
Info Culture
In France, people tend to stand closer to each other
while greeting than most Americans do. For
informal greetings with friends and relatives, use
Salut or Bonjour. For formal greetings with
people you don’t know very well, use Bonjour
monsieur/ madame/ mademoiselle. People
meeting for the first time never use first names
with each other, for instance in a bank, hospital,
restaurant, or car dealership. Is it more common
among Americans to greet each other using first
Tu vs. Vous
• You know that both tu and vous mean the
same thing, you, but that vous is more formal,
or for more than one person. For the pictures
below, would you call the people tu or vous?
Subjects and Verbs * video clip
• In English, sentences have a subject and a
verb. The subject is the person or thing doing
the action, or that is being described. The verb
is the action word, like jump or sing, or a
linking word* like are or is, that links the
subject to a description.
• Ex. Denise sings well. Simon is blond.
* aka, state of being verb
Subjects and Verbs cont.
• French sentences also have a subject and
Ex. Denise chante bien. Simon est blond.
• Both French and English use nouns as
subjects. Nouns can be replaced by pronouns.
Some of the French pronouns you’ve already
seen are je, tu, il, elle, and vous.
Ex. Denise is a friend. She is fifteen years old.
Ex. Denise est une amie. Elle a quinze ans.
Identify the subject and verb in each sentence of
the following conversation.
1. What is her name? 2. Comment elle s’appelle?
Her name is Lucie.
Elle s’appelle Lucie
How old is Lucie?
Lucie a quel âge?
She is 15 years old.
Elle a 15 ans.
Practice cont.
List the subject and verb in each of the following
sentences. Then, translate the sentence to
English. Next, reply to the sentence in French.
1. Comment tu t’appelles?
2. Comment allez-vous?
3. Tu as quel âge?
4. J’ai seize ans.
5. Je te présente mon ami Georges.
6. Je m’appelle Stéphanie.
Matching Practice.
• Create complete sentences by matching each
phrase in the 1st column with its logical ending
in the second column.
1. Comment il
a. va?
2. Tu
b. a quinze ans.
3. Comment allezc. s’appelle?
4. Je te
d. vous?
5. Ça
e. as quel âge?
6. Il
f. présente Nina.
Subject Pronouns
* video clip
• These are the subject pronouns in French
Je (j’) I
nous we
vous you (plural or formal)
Il, elle, on
ils, elles they
he, she,one
(People in general)
(ils= all male or mixed,
elles= all girls)
Notice that…
• Je changes to j’ before a verb beginning with a
vowel sound.
Ex. J’ai quinze ans.
I am 15 years old.
• The subject pronouns tu and vous both mean
you. Either of them can be used to address one
person depending on your relationship with
him/her. Vous is used to address more than one
Tu= friend, family member, someone your age
Vous= more than one person, an adult not a family
member or close friend
• The pronoun on has no direct equivalent in
English. It can mean we, they as in people in
general, or one. The meaning of on will
depend on the context.
Ex. En France, on parle francais.
In France, they (people in general) speak French.
Pronoun Practice
Chloé and Stéphane meet a new exchange student.
Complete their conversation with the correct subject
- Salut. 1.
m’appelle Chloé Dubois. 2. te
présente Stéphane. C’est un ami. 3.
t’appelles comment?
- Salut. 4. m’appelle Hélène Fournier. 5. ai
quinze ans. 6. as quel âge? Et Stéphane?
- Moi, 7. ai seize ans. Et Stéphane, 8. a
quinze ans.
Use a word from each column to create as many
sentences and questions as you can.
Je/ J
seize ans
quinze ans
quel âge
Madame Dumont

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