E-learning a Media for Conventional and Open & Distance Learning Background TU a huge public university with 60 constituent and 832 affiliated campuses through out the nation. Centralized system – everything regulated by the central level. Science & technical,medical, engineering , agriculture as technical and science and other Humanities & social sciences, management, & education programmes in TU. 13.44% in science and techno, where as in faculties(humanities and social sciences, management, education, and law) is 86.56% About 389,460 students ( 2011/12) in TUwhere 40.93% study in constituent campuses and other 59.07% in affiliated campuses Teaching and learning is mostly traditional in many cases – face to face lecturing and note taking prominent No good library access and even less qualified teachers in campuses outside Kathmandu and the other major cities. Students pass rate 24% in Master’s Level and a little bit higher in Bachelor degree – waste of resources. Contd. TU going to be a dual mode(planning stage) E-learning Conceptualized as online learning, web-base learning in interactive mode interactions with multimedia materials and/or instructors are mediated through all electronic media, including the Internet and other computer networks (Chang & Chen,2009; Chiu & Wang, 2008; Basioudis & Lange, 2009; Duan et al., 2010). Central Office and University Campus at a Glance Distribution of Campuses of TU 5 3 Far Western Region 63 69 5 Constituent Affiliated MidWestern Region 11 69 Western Region 28 163 central Region 407 13 Eastern Region 130 Graduation Ceremony, TU Need of e-Learning To address the growing number of higher education aspirants (e-learning in ODL mode). Recently FOE, TU has got the responsibility to upgrade qualification of 13000 working teachers of schools from the government (agreement of FOE and NCED, MoE). To improve quality of education in conventional mode blending e-learning as access to learning and learning materials. E-learning as a way of getting international exposure to and standards in higher education for the students. Collaborative teaching & research in higher education engaging Universities Denmark for quality improvement (possibility of having classes of foreign universities, projects, assignment and Contd. E-learning for "private students” ,(a type of ODL) support. The working migrants are increasing and they can pursue their higher education through ODL(using elearning). The last 10 years conflicts caused many youths deprived from education, ODL can be an alternative for them. E-learning could be a way. Promotion of ODL in school education, significant numbers of students are still out of secondary education and technical & vocational education. E-friendly students increasing, love e-media rather than print in learning – need to target this group of students, Is e-learning possible? Technological and power base Nepal Telecommunication has been planning to reach all 4000 VDCs of the country with its wifi system by 2015. Currently it has reached 50%VDCs. It is estimated that about 70% people have access to mobile phone. Solar power distributed in subsidized price in remote areas – an alternative for power source. Contd. Institutional commitment Budget allocation started and a decision is made in Executive Council of TU Ministry of Education has felt the need to support in ODL Attraction to M.Phil and Ph.D both in conventional and distance mode(willingly pay for the education) Free software and bandwidth for conducting e-learning(eg cloud computing technology – google aps, wiki, blackboard, etc) Strategies Plan, act and lesson learn before implementing in mass scale (a piloting in a small sector/some course). Acceptance from all: Government and users positive attitude (i.e. popularization) HR development:Training to the faculties in e-learning pedagogy. Institutional set up: ICT use as media of instruction, set up multi-media laboratory for producing the programme and circulating them Strict in enrollment: Limit the size of enrollment in constituent campuses according to the availability of human resource, educational and physical facilities available Change of curriculum: block/modular curriculum focusing on problem base learning (semester system is needed) Contd. Begin ODL from Faculty of Education TU and some other university/ies of BSU partner as pilot project and expand to other. Allocating annual budget to e-learning management from this fiscal year. Policy of collaborative funding in shared modality of investment for sustainability of the programme. Challenges Fitting E-learning, a developed world’s phenomena, into developing countries High speed internet and uninterrupted power supply Well-trained faculties in IT and pedagogies Culturally a belief of being learner and tutor together for learning Cost-effectiveness in ODL questionable Print media and contact session only – cheaper than conventional Including other media like e-learning could be expensive(fixed cost and variable cost may increase). Contd. Meet the demand of disadvantaged section an irony Human resources as well as ICT access problem Learner support Necessary financial resource management. TU has allocated budget for constructing buildings and e-library(computers are given) Software as well as other media-lab equipments management? Student support(about 40% dropout cases in Sri Lanka) Learning(different level of tutors, their training, and remuneration costlier) Materials( learning materials differs, HR are not prepared) Contd. Social recognition of ODL degree/e-learning Employment opportunity Reluctant to employ Difficult to put fixed students number(the present scenario) Human resource development: Most of the faculties as well as other resource persons unfriendly( to e-learning pedagogies and materials preparation). Competitive to other universities Contd. Discrimination of ODL students( a matter of flexibility): may raise voice same credit, working hours can be covered as conventional mode students do. Lab related courses issue: e-learning supplementary for conventional but problem for ODL Language issue: can use materials prepared by other universities but need to be proficient in English for using them. Learners’ quality/nature/morale Faculties quality/nature/morale Localization of content and Attitudes on e-learning. How e-learning Relate to PSDR E-learning can support to PhD, and Small Scale Research researchers (grants awarded by PSDR in themes related to it). A provision of joint supervision from UD and TU Increases opportunity of Rights to Education(employed, women, disadvantaged section etc). Help to increase educated people /critical mass, ultimately a help for a democratically living society. New cross-cutting areas/subjects that are necessary for developing countries can be introduced. Expectation from BSU Human resource development support Planning e-learning for ODL and quality insurance (on the basis of the experiences) Some lessons from universities Denmark and/or developed countries in ODL and even in conventional classes using e-learning (blended learning) Joint academic programme for some years based on elearning in undergraduate and graduate courses (like Mphil and Ph.D). Different departments in TU has given value to Mphil, better to have support for such programm, it is the contemporary need. Collaborative supervision in student's research and collaborative academic research among the faculties. Exchange of faculties for sharing and learning technology and researches as well as modalities of university education. Changing the mind set of higher authority through visit of the successful e-learning programmes/PBL. Impact on Institutional Capacity Within 5 years, big number of senior professors are being retired, will be compensated by this programme. Improve in quality standards with shared experiences.(e-learning, PBL will be introduced). Improve university management in general learning best practices. The conferences and seminars based on researches of different platform themes can provide opportunity of understanding the social problems, see the prospects and act for the development. Enhance quality in PhD supervision with joint supervision and some workshops.