Chapter 10 Social Support

Report
Chapter 10
Social Support
Partnership???
• ________ always exercise alone
–
• This __________ with age
• ___________often exercise with someone
• Most active people are …..
What is Social Support??
•
•A network of ….
•
•
•
What is Social Support??
•1
•2
•3
•4
Barrea & Ainlay (1983)
Social Support And PA Participation
Essentially, the measurement of social support has
taken three general approaches
1
2
3
Social Support And PA Participation
• Social network resources:
–
–
–
–
Social Support And PA Participation
 Support appraisal
?
 attachment,
 social integration,
 opportunity for nurturance,
 reassurance of worth,
 reliable alliance,
 guidance,
Social Support And PA Participation
Support behavior (e.g., Barrera, Sandler, &
Ramsay, 1981).
Social Support And PA Participation
• Meta-analyses revealed the relationships
between social support and …
• Intention:
• Self-efficacy:
• Attitude:
Social Support And PA Participation
Adherence behavior is
Why?
Recall:
Adherence =
Compliance =

Importance of Social Support??
1.
Hanson et al. (1989) Measures
Social Network
Social Support
a.
a.
b.
b.
c.
c.
Social Influence
Hanson et al. (1989) (continued)
Availability of
Emotional
Support
Death from
All Causes
Hanson et al. (1989) (continued)
Availability of
Emotional
Support
Adequacy of
Social
Participation
Death from
All Causes
Hanson et al. (1989) (continued)
Availability of
Emotional
Support
Adequacy of
Social
Participation
Living
Alone
Death from
All Causes
Blazer (1982)
Method
•
Found
1.
2.
3.
4.
Importance of Social Support??
1. Social support is related to mortality.
2.
Riffle et al. (1989): Found
Perceived Social
Support
Health
Promoting
Behaviors
Krause et al. (1993)
Do individuals experiencing more emotional
support exercise more frequently?
Assessed:
Krause et al. (1993): Found
Perceived
Emotional
support
More
Frequent
Exercise
Social Support and Adherence
& Compliance Behavior
• Carron, Hausenblas & Mack
(1996) meta analysis:
FAMILY
Adherence
Social Support and Adherence
& Compliance Behavior (cont.)
• Carron, et al. (1996) meta
analysis
IMPORTANT OTHERS’
Adherence
Social Support and Adherence
& Compliance Behavior (cont.)
Health-Related
Behaviors

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