AMA STYLE SOME BASIC ELEMENTS ©2012 TEXAS CHRISTIAN UNIVERSITY, W.L. ADAMS CENTER FOR WRITING Table of Contents AMA Style Summary…………… AMA Manuscript Form………… The Title Page………………….. Abstracts………………………… Levels of Headings……………… Superscripts in AMA…………… Direct Quotations…….. Block Quotations……………… Citing Page Numbers…………… Use of Numerals……. Units of Measurement…………….. Proprietary Names………….. Reference List….. Abbreviations of Periodicals…. Journals………………… Government Bulletins.. Books… Chapters in Books………………… Electronic Sources……………. E-Books………………………………… Online Journals………………………… Citing Databases………………….. DOIs……………………………………….. PMID Numbers……………………….. Newspapers………………………………… Websites…………………………………… Package Inserts………………………….. AMA Style Summary 3 “AMA style” refers to the American Medical Association Manual of Style, 10th edition. Some features that distinguish it from other documentation styles: In-text citation of sources with superscript numerals assigned by the order in which you first refer to them in a document. (AMA 3.5-3.6) Consistent use within a document of the assigned superscript for all your citations of a single source. (AMA 3.6) Inclusion of page numbers in superscripts, for any direct quotations you use. (AMA3.6) A reference page that lists each source once in the order in which you first referred to it in the body of your paper, preceded by the assigned superscript. (AMA 3.2) Consistent use of abbreviations standardized by the National Library of Medicine for medical journal titles in references. (AMA 14.10) AMA Manuscript Form 4 Many AMA manuscripts follow the the “IMRAD” model for section headings and structure: Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. Some Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) guidelines: Use a conventional 10-, 11-, or 12-point font, Courier or Times New Roman. Double-space entire text, including references. Do not indent paragraphs. Do not justify the right margins; leave them “ragged.” Use a title page and a running head. Include an abstract after the title page. For a complete checklist of manuscript submission tips, see the table on page 37 of the AMA Manual of Style, 10th edition. JAMA also recommends the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals, published on the International Committee of Medical Editors website. The Title Page: 5 The AMA Manual encourages the use of a title page, but suggests that writers refer to the specific guidelines of various publishing venues before formatting a document for submission. Many AMA manuscripts follow APA style for title pages: Running head appears upper left. Page number appears upper right. Paper title, author and institutional affiliation (if required) appear centered mid-page. The running head should capture the main point of the paper in shorter form than the title. Different journals have different length standards for length of running heads. JAMA’s is 45 characters. (AMA 2.1, 2.2.2-2.4.2) (Running head) Running he ad: VA (Title: subt PTSD Diag nostic Data 2001-201 2 itle) A Meta-an Post-trau matic Stre alysis of Re ss search on U.S. Vetera Disorder: ns 2001-201 Administration Diag (Name(s) 2 nostic Data of author) (Institutio nal affiliatio Mel n or require issa Loden, R.N. ment, da Harris Co llege of Nu te) rs Texas Chris ing and Social Wor k tian December University 10, 2011 Abstracts An abstract is a concise summary or overview of your research article, presented on a separate page between the title page and the body. Do not cite sources in abstracts. Include important key words in your abstract; this enables electronic retrieval in databases. Structured abstracts accompany reports of original data and meta-analyses. They are usually 250-300 words in length and in IMRAD order: Introduction of Research Objectives Methodology and Research Design Results Discussion of Conclusions. Unstructured abstracts are summaries of about 150 words that accompany other types of AMA-formatted research writing or position papers. Some publishing venues add other requirements for abstracts. (AMA 2.5) Levels of Headings AMA style does not specify any particular rules for levels of headings, but does advise a consistently maintained pattern for formatting and typeface within a document. Many authors of AMA papers use APA format for levels of headings; otjers adapt it to AMA use. Secondary-level headings should be formatted in a consistent style or typeface, visually distinguishable from the primary headings. Avoid inclusion of abbreviations, figures, tables, or references in headings. APA levels of headings Level 1 : Centered, Boldface, Uppercase & Lowercase heading Level 2: Flush Left, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase heading Level 3: Indented, boldface, lowercase paragraph heading with a period. Level 4: Indented boldface, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading with a period. Level 5: Indented, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading with period. (APA 3.03) (AMA 2.8.1) Superscripts in AMA Cite sources in AMA by assigning consecutive superscript numerals, based on the order in which you first cite them in the paper. For all subsequent citations of a source after its first mention, use the same superscript you first assigned to it. Position superscript numerals outside periods and commas and inside colons and semicolons. (AMA 3.5 - 3.6) Sample superscripts: Direct Quotations 9 When quoting a source directly, use a signal phrase to provide context for the quotation. To cite sources of direct quotations, use the appropriately sequenced superscript, plus the page number. Notice that there is no period or space between the “p” and the numbers in the example to the right: (AMA 3.6, 8.6.1) When to Include Page Numbers in AMA 10 With direct quotations: Ressler concluded, “When we controlled for common stress-related phenomena (depression and history of substance abuse), the effect of PACAP level on PTSD remained stable (P<0.05).”22 (p493) With separate sections of a source: Ressler concluded that controlling for the usual stress-related catalysts for PTSD, depression and prior substance abuse, the effect of PAD-CAP level on PTSD did not vary(P<0.05).22(p493) Block Quotations If a direct quotation extends beyond 4 lines of your text, set it off in a block in a smaller font size and omit quotation marks. Add a space above and below the block quotation. Do not indent, unless to indicate the beginning of a paragraph in the original source. As with all direct quotations in AMA, include the page number in the superscript. (AMA 8.6.14) 11 Adjuvanted Flu Vaccine and Fetal Ou tc ome 7 Writing in th Medical Ass e July 11, 20 ociation, Pa 12, issue of sternak et al the Journa . asserted, l of the Amer ican This nation wid associations e cohort study in Den mar between expo A(H1N1)pd sure to an A k found no significant m09 vaccin S03-adjuva e in pregna nted influen outcomes in ncy and risk za cluding maj of ad or birth defe restriction. cts, preterm verse fetal Although th e bi data provid respect to ou rth, and grow e ro tc th exposure, re omes associated with se bust evidence of safety sults from an with cond- or thir alyses of fir viewed as pr dtr im ester st-trimester eliminary an ex sure sh d need conf ould be irmation.22 (p.174po ) Given that pr ior research on the topic has been lim ited, 13 the gr original obje oup’s ctive in this registry-bas ed cohort st udy was to investigate any potentia l association between ex posure to an adjuvanted influenza A (H1N1)pdm 09 vaccine during preg increased ri nancy and sk of advers e fetal outcom 22 e. Use of Numerals Always use numerals to express quantities, except in these cases: beginning of a sentence: Twenty-five patients responded to the medication. common fractions: Two-thirds of the respondents were male. ordinals: The second intubation was compromised by a non-sterile environment. Express percentages in numerals; avoid beginning sentences with percentages, but if you do, express in words. Sixty-five percent of studies used intention-to-treat analysis; only 42% had adequate sequence generation, 35% concealed allocation, and 61% had adequately described blinding. Decimal fractions below 1.0 must be expressed with a leading zero: The standard dosage for the control group was 0.5 ml every four hours. Express consecutively occurring numbers using a combination of words and numerals: Fourteen 12-year-olds eligible to participate in the study tested positive for staph infections. The study surveyed 203 five-year maintenance and warranty contracts on first-responder defibrillators in five boroughs in New York City. (AMA 19.1, 19.2.1) Units of Measurement 13 Report measurements of height, length, weight, and volume in conventional metric units (meters, kilograms, or liters) or their decimal multiples. Report temperatures in degrees Celsius. Report blood pressure in millimeters of mercury, unless required otherwise by a particular journal. Many journals use the International System of Units (SI) for reporting. Consult Section 14.12 of the AMA Manual for standardized abbreviations. (AMA 4.1.4, 14.12, 18.1, 19.1.4) Proprietary Drug and Product Names Use the generic, non-proprietary name in titles, headings, and the text, unless comparing various brands or particular formulations of a drug. Avoid using proprietary (brand) names of pharmaceuticals to preclude any implication of bias or conflict of interest. Proprietary name Non-proprietary name Medtronic Paradigm Revel 523 insulin pump Prinivil, Tensopril, Zestril lisinopril Chem-Ply gloves neoprene exam gloves Augmentin amoxicillin Vicodin, Norco acetominophen hydrocodone tartrate Visual Presentation of Data 15 Tables present data in its relationships and support statements made in a paper without being redundant. Eachtable requires a title; number consecutively. For guidance, consult AMA Manual, 4.1. Figures are graphic displays such as charts, graphs, scatterplots, illustrations, pie charts, maps, or other visual representations of data. They also require titles and a separate numbering system from tables in a document. For guidance, consult AMA Manual, 4.2. Reference List Citations must include “minimum acceptable data” for a reader to access the source: author or agency, book title & publisher, or article title and journal title, with standardized publication information or standardized electronic identification systems such as URL, DOI, or PubMed(PMID) numbers. List sources only once, in the order they first appear in the document. Number them consecutively. For research papers submitted for university classes, a common practice is to single-space reference lists, leaving a line space between each entry. Some professors require that students follow submission guidelines for medical journals such as JAMA. If in doubt, ask your professors. (AMA 3.4-3.5) 1. Fahy BG, S heehy, A M, Cours in Referen ces DB. Per enough? ioperativ Anesthes e glucose iology. 2 control: 009;110 what is 2. Akh :204-6. tar S, Bar ash PF, In zucchi S E. Scien of periop tific prin erative g ciples an lucose re d clinical gulation implicati and contr 2010;11 ons 0(2):478 ol. Anes th & Ana -497. lg . 3. Gand hi FY, M uran MH , Flynn D N, et al. surgical Effect of morbidit perioper y and m ative infu ortality; sion on systemat randomiz ic review ed trials. and met Mayo Cli aan n al Proc. 20 ysis of 4. Bagsh 08;83(4): aw SM, 418-430 Hoste E . AJ, Jack a MJ. Inte control in nsive vs critically conventi ill patien onal blo ts. J Can od gluco 5. Majid Anesth. se S, Foo S 2010;57 , Luyt B :172-175 , et. al. A . dopting decision evidence making: -based p nurses’ p ractice in erceptio clinical ns, know Asssoc. ledge, an 2011;99 (3):229-2 d barrier s. 3 6 J . M ed 6. Lipsh Libr utz AKM , Gropper MA. Per io perative 2009;11 0(2):408 glycemic -421. control. Anesthie 7. Subra siol. maniam B, Panzi ca FJ, N ovack V infusion , et al. C decreases ontinuou major ca s periop rdiovascu erative in surgery. la sulin r ev ents in p Anesthes at ients und iol. 2009 ergoing ;110(5): 8. Chan v 9 ascular 70-977. RPC, Fal as FRBG , Hajjar LA, Bel Intensiv lo CN, P e periop iccioni M erative g A, Auler lucose co Jr JOC. ntrol does submitte not impro d to open -heart su ve outco rgery: a mes of p atients randomiz 2009;64 (1):51-6 ed contr 0. olled tria l. Clin. Submitting Manuscripts for Publication 17 To submit manuscripts for publication in a particular journal, the AMA Manual recommends preparing a manuscript according to the guidelines issued by that journal. Preferences may vary from journal to journal on such matters as spacing and title pages, as well as accompanying institutional documents. The Journal of the American Medication Association (JAMA) recommends following the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals, which are published on the International Committee of Medical Editors website, which advises “double-spacing all portions of the manuscript— including the title page, abstract, text, acknowledgments, references, individual tables, and legends” for both paper and online submissions. 1. Fahy BG, S heehy, A M, Cou rsin Referen ces DB. Per enough? ioperativ Anesthes e glucose iology. 2 control: 009;110 2. Akh what is :204-6. tar S, B arash PF , Inzucc h i SE. Sci of perio entific p perative rinciple glucose s and cl regulati inical im o n 2010;11 and con plication 0(2):478 tr ol. Anes s -497. th & An a lg . 3. Gan dhi FY, Muran M H, Flyn n DN, et surgical al. Effec morbidit t of perio y and m perative ortality; infusion systemat random on ized tria ic re v iew and ls. Mayo m eta-anal Clin Pro 4. Bag ysis of c. 2008;8 shaw SM 3(4):418 , Hoste -430. EAJ, Ja cka MJ. control Intensiv in critic e vs conv ally ill p entional atients. blood g 5. Maj J Can A lucose id S, Fo nesth. 2 o S, Luy 0 1 0 ;57:172 t B, et. al -1 75. . Adopti decision ng eviden making ce-based : nurses practice ’ percep in clinic tions, kn Asssoc. al owledge, 2011;99 (3):229-2 and barri ers. J M 3 6. 6. Lipsh ed Libr utz AKM , Gropp er MA. Perioper 2009;11 at ive glyce 0(2):408 mic con -421. trol. An 7. Sub esthiesi ramania ol. m B, Pan zica FJ, N ovack V infusion , et al. C decreases ontinuo major ca us perio rdiovascu perative surgery. lar even insulin Anesthes ts in pat iol. 200 ie nts under 9 ;1 1 0(5):970 8. Chan going v as -9 RPC, Fal cular 77. as FRBG , Hajjar LA, Bel Intensiv lo CN, P e periop iccioni M erative g lucose co A, Aule r Jr JOC submitte ntrol do . es not im d to open prove o -heart su utcomes rg er y : of patie a random 2009;64 n (1):51-6 ts ized con 0. trolled tr ial. Clin . Abbreviations of Periodicals When citing articles from journals in the reference list, use the title abbreviations standardized in the US National Library of Medicine’s current Fact Sheet or Index Medicus. For example: Ebneshahidi A & Mohseni M. Hoarseness after tracheal intubation. Anesth Analg. 2010;111:8924. No periods are necessary after the abbreviations. Some examples: American Association of Nurse Anesthetists = AANA J American Journal of Nursing = Am J Nurs BMJ: British Medical Association = BMJ Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism = J Clin Endocrinol Metab Journal of Nursing Administration = J Nurs Adm Medical Letters of Drugs and Therapeutics = Med Lett Drugs Ther Southern Medical Journal = South Med J (AMA 14.10) Journal Articles List authors by surnames and initials (without periods) using commas to separate them. If there are more than 6 authors, use only the first 3, along with the “et al.” notation. Use lower-case letters for the article title, excluding the first word and any proper nouns included. Abbreviate the journal title according to the AMA-endorsed list (see previous slide). List year, volume number, issue number, and inclusive pagination in the pattern shown to the right. (AMA 3.4) 19 Reference 1. Evans s RW, Blum enfeld A. Botulinum to xi n injectio headache ns for . Headach e. 2003;4 3(6):682 -685. 2. Goldb erg LD. Th e cost of m igraine an d its treatm Care. 2005 ent. Am J ;11(2):(su Manag ppl) S62S67. 3. Ranie r S, Thom as D, Toka rz D, et al . Myofibri mutations llogenesi cause paro s regulato xysmal dy r 1 gene stonic chor 2004;61( eo at he to 7):1025-10 sis. Arch N eu 29. rol. Books 20 Cite authors by surname and initials, without periods. Use commas to separate author names. Italicize book titles and use conventional capitalizations. Include edition numbers, city of publication, publisher’s name or imprint, and copyright date. If six or fewer authors, list all. If more than six, list the first three followed by “et al.” For edited books, add “ed.” or “eds.” after the names in the author position of the citation. (AMA 3.15.2) Reference 1. Modlin J, Jenkins P. D s ecision An alysis in Pl anning fo r a Polio Ou San Franci tbreak in sco, CA: Pe the di atric Acade 2. Pasha R. Otolary mic Societ ngology H ies; 2004 . ead and N eck Surger 3rd ed. San y: Clinical Diego, CA Reference : Plural Pu Guide. bl ishing; 20 3. Shepar 10 . d TH, ed. Catalog of Teratogeni c Agents. th Hopkins Pr 7 ed. Ba ess; 1992 ltimore, M . D: Johns 4. Simon LS, Lipman AG, Jacox AK, et al. Pain in Ost Arthritis, eoarthritis and Juveni , Rheumat le Chronic oid Arthritis. nd 2 ed. Glen Society; 20 view, IL: A 02. merican Pa in United Stat es. Chapter in a Book 21 1. Solen sky R. Drug Referen allergy: desensiti ces zation an d treatm and aspir ent of re in. In: L actions to o ck ey P, ed. Immunot A llergens herapy. rd an d Allerge 3 ed. N ew York n 2. Degn : Marcell er LF, M Dekker; cWilliam 2004:58 s ME. Ch 5 -6 06. allenges research in condu . In: Fit cting cro zpatrick ss -national JJ, Steven nursing son JS, P its Utiliza olis NS, tion: Inte eds. Nu rnational rs in g Researc State of h and 211-215 the Scien . ce. New York: Sp ringer; 1 994: antibioti cs Cite the authors of the particular chapter or essay by surname and initials. Separate author names with commas. Follow the unconventional capitalization rules for titles of articles: use lower-case letters for all except the first word and proper nouns. Cite in full the title of the book in which the chapter appears. Use conventional capitalizations. Provide the city of publication, the publisher, and the year. Provide inclusive page numbers of the chapter. Government or Agency Bulletins 22 If no single author is named, cite the issuing government agency as the author. Italicize titles of reports; follow article title rules for sections of reports. Provide any relevant information such as series numbers, or numbers used to identify the documents within agency-generated document identification systems. (AMA 3.13.2, 3.15.5) References 1. Centers for Dis ease Control and Preventio n. Sexually Transm itted Disease 0. Atlanta, GA: Cen ters for Disease Control and Preven tion, U.S. Dept of Healt h and Human Ser vices; 2001. 2. Sin HB, Bruno R. Census 2000 Bri ef C2KBR-29: Lan guage Use and En glishSpeaking Ability: 2000. Washington , DC: US Census Bu reau; 2003. 3. World Health Organization. Int ernational guide for monitoring alc ohol consumption and related harm. Ge neva (CH): World Health Organizat ion; 2000. Surveillance, 200 4. World Health Organization. Pre liminary dose est imation from the nuclear accident after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquak e and Tsunami http://www.wh o.int/ionizing_radi ation/pub_meet /fukushima_dose _assessm ent/en/index.ht ml Published 20 12. Accessed Jul y 9, 2012. Electronic Sources 23 Electronic sources should be cited in a way as to be accessible to your reader. Electronic source citation format is determined by method of access: e-books, journals, databases, list-servs, websites, government archives, and others. Some electronic citations require URLs and dates accessed, if website layout is subject to change. Other citations have permanent locators such as DOIs or PMID numbers, which will not change and therefore require no URL. Citation formats may vary slightly according to whether the source first appeared in print; some sources now appear online before they appear in print. Some online journals have pagination; others do not. Some electronic sources are available in more than one format. For example, a source may appear in an online journal as well as a database such as PubMed or Cochrane Library. “Versioning” refers to a means of citation that includes updates and edits to an electronic source. A good rule of thumb for citing electronic sources in AMA style: always cite the version you consulted. (AMA 3.15) E-Book Cite an electronic book by providing the conventional elements of a book citation, then add the URL and date of access: Author and/or editor Title & edition number if applicable City and state of publication Publisher Year of copyright URL & Date of access. (AMA 3.4, 3.15) Referen ces 1. Mora n DT, Ro wley JC. World, 2 Visual 01 http://w 2. Available fro Histology Atlas. m w E-book. Woodst Accesse w.visualhistolo ock, MD d July 16 gy.com/p : IHC , 2012. roducts/ atlas/in dex.htm l. Online Journals ! " #"$"%&" ' The basic elements of an online journal citation are: Authors(s) Article title Journal name, abbreviated Year Volume number (if available) Inclusive pages (if available) DOI, or PMID number URL and date of access if necessary Several versions of a source may exist online. Cite the version you consulted. (AMA 3.15.1) ( ) *"+%,-. / ,-0 1-2. ,-34$5-67 ,-7 8 4%9-*: ,-34$5-7 3)-0 ; <=> 4?-$"> =#" %<4%=?-@+' "-#+$?=91<8 4%@-=%<AB4<=+%-8 =<1+A<-> A' &?" -$" ?4C4%<' -=%-1" 4?<1D-; 4<=" %<' -8 =<1<1=+; "%<4?-&+4@> =%=' <$4<=+%E-4-; $+' ; "&<=F"-$4%@+> =G" @-' <[email protected])-! " #$% $ &' ( )*+, )*-. /)-HI ( H-*A?-( J )-3K LME-HHNI ( ON( )H) 6=> ; ' +%-PM,-! +' ' -K *,-K &Q" +8 %-M: ,-! 4D-MR)-/ $4&1"4?-=%<AB4<=+%-=%-<1"&$=<=&4??D-=??E-4-> A?<=S&"%<$"-%4<=+%4?-' <A@D-+#-; $4&<=&"-4%@-&+> ; ?=&4<=+%' )--0#$% $ &' ( )*+, 1-L66TE-( UV( SWVV( ,-HI ( H-K 4DX-Y+?)-( I NZO[,-; ; )-V\HS\X-3K LMEHHJ ( OJ HW) J ) 6A5D' -P2,-6&1F4$<' > 4%-R,-! " =' -2P,-] F4?A4<=+%-+#-$4; =@-' " ^A"%&" -=%<AB4<=+%=%-<1" -; " @=4<$=&-" > " $9" %&D-@" ; 4$<> " %<)-% $2)3-( +#-_! =+-*`)-L66TE-( WVNSUVNH,HI ( ( -*A?S2A9X-Y+?)-NV-ZU[,-; ; )-J UJ S\X-3K LME-H( NUH( ( H) U) 2B4@"' ' +-R,-TA%"' -3,-6=?F"' <$"-R,-K 4<=4' -] ,-a+A$"=$+-7 ,-2?> "[email protected] )-T+%S =%F4' =F"-F" %<=?4<=+%-=%-4&A<" -$" ' ; =$4<+$D-#4=?A$" -=%-&1=?@$" %)-2)3-( +#$4)5)-HI ( H2; $-HX-UZH[E-" ( W)-_] ; AB-HI ( H-2; $-( I )`-3K LM-HHNI H\\U)- Citing Databases 26 References In citing databases, include the following elements in this order: Author(s), if available Title of database Publisher’s location, name, most recent date URL Date accessed. (AMA 3.15.8) 1. Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, OM IM. Baltim University ore, MD: Jo Press, 2000 hns Hopkin . http://ww s w.ncbi.nlm .nih.gov/site Accessed Ju s/gquery. ly 16, 2012 . 2. PDQ: NC I’s Compreh ensive Canc er Database . Bethesda Institute; 19 , MD: Natio 96. http://w nal Cancer ww.cancer .gov/cance rtopics/pd Accessed Ju q/cancerda ly 16, 2012 tabase. . DOIs References 1. Wen XJ, Ka nny “DOI” stands for “digital object identifier.” A DOI is a permanent online address that is not subject to any changes of URL. A DOI has 2 elements, a prefix and a suffix, separated by a forward slash: 10.1038/nature02312 DOIs are preferable to URLs; do not cite URLs with them, and there is no need to provide date of access. (AMA3.15) D, Thompson WW, Okoro CA , Town M, Ballu z LS. Binge drinking inten sity and healt h-related quali ty of life amon g U.S. adult bin drinkers. Prev ge Chronic Dis 20 12;9:110204 . DOI: http://dx.doi.o rg/10.5888/pc d9.110204. 2. Deschoolm eester V, Baay M, Van Marck E, Weyler J, Ve rmeulen P, La and Vermorke rdon F, n J. Tumor inf iltrating lymph ocytes: an int riguing playe survival of co r in the lorectal cancer patients. BM C Immunol. 20 10;11:19. Publi online 2010 Ap shed ril 12. DOI: 10 .1186/1471-21 72-11-19. 3. Spence K, Barr P. Nasal versus oral int ubation for me chanical vent newborn infan ilation of ts. Cochrane Ne onatal Group, The Cochrane Library. Janua 21, 2009. DOI: ry 10.1002/146 51858.CD000 948. PubMed (PMID) Numbers 28 References 1. Jeon, YT, Oh AY, Park SH, Hw ang JW, Park HP . Optimal remife ntanil dose for lightwand intub ation without muscle relaxan ts in healthy pa tients with thiopental coad ministration: a prospective ran domized study . Eur J Anaesthesiol. 20 12 Jul 13. PMID : 22801581. PMID numbers denote journal articles that are indexed in PubMed. Include them in citations. If you use a PMID number, there is no need to cite a URL or date of access. Newspapers 29 References 1. Goldberg J. Us e To cite newspaper sources, include author, article title, newspaper title (in italics), date of publication, section and page numbers. of drugs endang told. Los Angeles Tim 2. Goodnough A. Lin To cite newspaper sources retrieved electronically, follow the same pattern as for print and include the URL, plus the date of your access. March 28, 2003 : C4 . 2006: C1.http://w rs are dicaid plan. New Yo traditional medic ine. Tim rk es of India. phrenia drugs do ubted. Washing ton ww.washington post.com/wp- dyn/content/artic le/2006/11/30 /AR200611300 1532.html. Acces 13, 2012. (AMA 3.13.1, 3.15.4) tem to monitor 4. Vedentam S. Cost benefits of new schizo Post. December 1, rse racing, senato es are drawn ove r opting out of Me Times. July 13, 2012:A1. 3. Majumdar P. No sys ers horses and ho es. July 12, 2012 :A1. sed July Websites References When citing a website in AMA style, provide the elements crucial for your reader to locate the precise source you used: Author or authorial agency (if given) Title of article or document Name of the web site URL Date of publication Date of access or retrieval. (AMA 3.15.3) 1. Internation al So ciety for Infect ious Diseases. ProMED-mail We b site. http://www.pr omedmail.org. Accessed April 29, 2004. 2. National Ele ctrical Manufac turers Associat ion. Recommen dations for the care and maint enance of high intensity metal halide and mercu ry vapor lighting in schoo ls. National Ele ctrical Manufac turers Associat ion website. http://www.ne ma.org/stds/h alide-schools.cr m#download. Accessed December 6, 20 05. Package Insert 31 Reference 1. Lamas il [packa 1993. 2. Accuc heck Provide the product brand name, specifying in brackets that it is an insert. Also provide the manufacturer’s location, name, and date of copyright for the insert in a format similar to book or report citations, as shown in the two examples to the right. (AMA 3.13.6) ge insert ]. East Han over, NJ: Aviva Plu Diagnosti cs; s 2009. Sandoz P harmaceu ticals Co rp; s Diabete s Monitor ing Kit [p ac kage inse rt]. Roche Index to Slides 32 Abstracts……………. Books……………. Block quotations………….. Chapters in books……………. Databases………………………. Direct quotations………………… Electronic sources…………………. E-books………………………………… Government bulletins…………………….. DOIs…………………………………. Levels of headings………………………….. Manuscript form………………………. Newspapers……………… Numerals………………………… Online journals…………………. Package inserts……………………………… Page numbers in superscripts……… Proprietary names………………… PubMed (PMID) numbers…………….. Reference list…………………………….. Summary of AMA style…………………… Superscripts…………………. Title page…………………………….. Units of measurement……………………. Visual data……………………… Websites………………….