Ethiopian Regional Conference on Capacity Development

Report
CLUVA
Climate Change and Urban Vulnerability in Africa
Nathalie Jean-Baptiste, UFZ, Leipzig, Germany
Fatemeh Jalayer AMRA, Naples, Italy
Ethiopian Regional Conference on Capacity Development for Integrating Disaster Risk Management into
Urban Settings in Africa
October 11, 2012, Addis Ababa
A Linear modular approach to
vulnerability assessment
A modular approach to vulnerability and risk
assessment
Emission
Climate Change
Climate change scenarios
Hazard Assessment
Down-scaling climate change
scenarios
Hazard assessment
Incorporating exposure
Risk assessment
Risk-based strategic climate
change urban adaptation
Exposure
Risk
Very High-Resolution Climate Change Data
Increases in rainfall
Increase in
temperatures
Slide 3
Flood Hazard Assessment
Understand the hazards
and how climate change
will effect them
Slide 4
Assessing Vulnerability of Informal
Settlements
B
L
Analyze local
vulnerability based
on flood hazard
assessments
Slide 5
Development of strategies to enhance resilience
of urban areas towards climate change
Understand the
governance
situation, develop
mitigation strategies
Slide 6
Integrated vulnerability assessment approach
An approach that considers vulnerability as a
multifaceted entity
Vulnerability rather the ‚starting-point‘ for
developing adaptation strategies (OʼBrien et al.
2007)
o Emerges from development studies
and hazard and disaster
o A product of different realities and
causes external to natural hazards
o Examines current vulnerabilities
and not prospective impacts
Contextual vulnerability
Pressure-and-Release Model
(Blaikie et al. 1994)
Space of Vulnerability
(Watts & Bohle 1993)
Seite 8
Slide 10
Vulnerability assessment Frameworks and Models
Help Identify the vulnerable systems and population segments most affected
•
•
Development focused
Family of approaches and methods that
enable locals (rural or urban) to express,
enhance, share and analyse their knowledge
of life and conditions
Natural hazards
Community-Based
Participatory Research
(CBPR) (Hatch et al.,1993)
•
•
•
Involves the community in research process
Combines knowledge with action
Seeks social change
Health
Participatory Climate
Change adaptation appraisal
(PCCAA)
•
Climate Change
(Moser, 2009)
•
Mechanism through which the perception of
severe weather impact on household and
community asset is highlighted
Indentify current policies and institutions that
help or constraints adaptive capacity
Participatory Rural Appraisal
(PRA) (Chambers,1983)
Participatory Action
Research (PAR) (Chambers
and Conway,1992)
Seite 11
Stakeholders mapping and identifying the role of actors in
adaptive strategies
Seite 12
Climate Change and Urban Vulnerability in Africa
Multidisciplinary & Interdisciplinary
vulnerability knowledge production
The CLUVA project is an integrated effort
between seven European institutions and six
African research establishments.
CLUVA develops context-centered methods
to assess vulnerability and to increase
knowledge on managing climate related risks
such as floods, droughts and sea level rise.
www.cluva.eu
Seite 13
CLUVA Partners
African
European
partners:
partners:
AMRA, Analysis and Monitoring of Environmental Risks, Italy UGB,
Project
Université
coordinator
Gaston Berger, Sénégal
UY1-ENSP,
 KU, University
Ecoleofnationale
Copenhagen,
Supérieure
DanishPolytechnique
Centre for Forest
Université
LandscapeYaoundé
and Planning,
1, Cameroun
Denmark

UO,
UM,University
UniversityofofOugadougou,
Manchester, Burkina
School ofFaso
Environment and
ARU,
Development,
Ardhi University
UK Tanzania, Tanzania
EIABC
TUM, AAU,
Technical
Ethiopian
University
Institute
of Munich,
of Architecture,
GermanyBuilding
CMCC,
Construction
Euromediterranean
and City Development,
Center ofEthiopia
Climate Changes, Italy
CSIR,
UFZ, Council
Helmholtz
forCentre
Scientific
forand
Environmental
Industrial Research,
Research,South
Germany
NIBR,
Africa Norwegian Institute of Urban and Regional Research,
Norway
Slide 14
Cluva Case-Study Cities
CLUVA Objectives
• Develop methods and knowledge to be applied to
African cities to
manage risks related to climate change
reduce vulnerabilities
improve cities’ coping capacity and
resilience towards climate changes
Slide 16
An Outlook to CLUVA
Improving the resilience of the urban systems
Climate
change
and
natural
hazard models
Vulnerability
and
risk
assessment
towards climate change
Indentification
hotspots
Understanding of
theurban
governance
structure
Developing
Vulnerability
assessment
climate
for informal
change scenarios
settlements
Developing different
land-use
indicators
Downscaling
Maps
of urbanof
climate
morphology
change
types
scenarios
Development
innovative
land
use and governance
Flood
Future
hazard
urban
scenarios
strategies
to enhance
resilience of urban areas
Desertification
Identify
multi-dimensional
scenarios
conditions
towardsthe
climate
change
.surrounding vulnerable groups
.A multi-risk framework

Slide 17
Thank you!
Slide 18

similar documents