GEO European Project Workshop, 3-4 September 2008 Joint Research Centre activities relevant for Earth Observation Institute for Environment and Sustainability Alessandro Annoni Head of Spatial Data Infrastructure Unit Co-Chair of the GEO Architecture and Data Committee Francesco Pignatelli Co-Chair of the GEO User Interface Committee GEO European Project Workshop - 3 and 4 September 2008, Brussels 1 2 GEO European Project Workshop, 3-4 September 2008 Earth Observing satellites The JRCTurning missiondata is tofrom provide scientific advice and technical quantitative information know-howinto to support a wide range of EU policies Space Agencies Modelling, Networks in Partner Algorithm development, Countries Cal/Val & Benchmarking European Research Networks Supply Data Research Joint & Research Applications Centre Development Support Information DGs ENTR, ENV, REGIO,Fisheries AGRI, Agriculture, DEV, Environment AIDCO, European GlobalRELEX, Climateetc... Change & Delegations Civil Protection Security FAO, UNEP Development IGBP, GEO,Aid Humanitarian GCOS, GTOS General Public Demand Knowledge Sputnik – launch October 4th 1957 (history.nasa.gov) Malpensa Airport, as seen by US satellites 29th August 1963, 9th October 2006 Declassified KH series military (1963), Landsat (2006) GEO European Project Workshop, 3-4 September 2008 3 1957 The JRC and GMES 1998 to 2008 • “The information requirements associated with global environment security and the capabilities of satellite observing systems must converge” • Baveno Group 19th May 1998 • “At a time when command of information has geo-strategic implications, GMES aims at providing the EU with the capacity to pursue its interests and to effectively address today’s challenges and threats in a wide variety of policy areas” • Establishing a GMES capacity by 2008 COM (2004) 65 final • “JRC has technical and scientific experience in the field of GMES with which it wishes to support the Bureau” • DG ENTR-JRC AA 30thJune 2007 1963 2006 GEO European Project Workshop, 3-4 September 2008 Core JRC Competence and Networks • Institutes with an established track-record of supporting EC Services concerning environment and security policy – Climate change, natural resources, agriculture, development-aid, crisis management, global security and management of geospatial assets • Strong engagement with European industry and academia – Through FP7 and previous programmes, ESA projects and bilateral actions • Strong engagement with European institutions – ESA, EUMETSAT, EEA, ECMWF, EUSC, FRONTEX, EMSA, EDA • Strong engagement with international organisations – UN System, World Bank, IAEA, CEOS, GEO, science programmes 4 5 GEO European Project Workshop, 3-4 September 2008 Mapping FP7 JRC Actions and GMES Services GMES FAST TRACK CORE SERVICES Land Marine Emergency Atmosphere OTHERS Security Data European Level ISFEREA (Information Support forand Effective and Rapid External Action) FOREST (Forest Data Information Systems) CriTechSOIL (Crisis Monitoring and Response Technologies) Data and Information Systems) FISHREGCRITECH (Scientific and(Soil Technical Support to the Common Fisheries Policy) (Crisis Monitoring and Response Technologies) GAPCC (Global AirEuropean Data Pollution Access and Climate Change) BorSec (Border Security) ENSURE (Environmental Assessment of Waste and the Sustainable Use of Resources) MASURE (Maritime Surveillance) ISFEREA (Information Support for Effective and Rapid External Action) INSPIRE AIRMODE (Infrastructure (Air Quality for Security and Spatial Transport Information Modelling) in Europe) FOODSEC (Food Assessment) AGRI4CAST (Crop/Production Forecasts/Estimates and Climate Change Impact on Agriculture) PROCAS(Floods: (Protection and Conservation of European Seas) FLOODS Prediction, Mitigation, Impact Assessment) GHG - AFOLU (Greenhouse CID (Community Gases in Agriculture, Image DataForestry Portal) and other Land Uses) TREES-3 (Global Forest Resource Monitoring) SOLO (Systematic Observations of Land and Oceans) Global Level FOREST (Monitoring the Forests in Europe) ICPA-EEI (Integrated COSIN-JRC Climate (Community Policy Assessment: Spatial Information EmissionsInfrastructure) and Environmental Impacts) MASURE (Maritime Surveillance) SOLOanalysis (Systematic Observations of Land Oceans) MAHB (Risk for Industrial Accidents andand Natural Disasters) MONDE (Monitoring Natural Resources for Development) TREES-3 (Global Forest Resource Monitoring) Key examples – non exhaustive Oil slicks in the Mediterranean ASAR, 26 June 2002 Envisat ASAR image acquired over the Islands of Corsica, Sardinia and the Italian peninsula. © ESA 2002 GEO European Project Workshop, 3-4 September 2008 JRC’s role in EO • Internal EC function in a legal context; neutrality, confidentiality and subsidiarity – EU forest fire occurrence, control of farmers’ declarations • Customising external services’ output to meet EC Services’ requirements – Crisis response, situation awareness • R&D concerning new areas of operation – Global dimensions, GMES for Africa • Transfer of mature services to external operators – Monitoring illegal discharge from ships • Direct support to the GMES Bureau – Bureau’s work plan, Working Group processes, strategic orientation 6 GEO European Project Workshop, 3-4 September 2008 An example: JRC activities for Africa • Geographic Information Systems installed in national parks in West and Central Africa – park protection and management • Forest resource management centre in Kinshasa – sustainable forest exploitation • Computer-based document and map management in EU Delegations – project identification, implementation and monitoring • Access to information, technology and training – strengthens national capacities 7 GEO European Project Workshop, 3-4 September 2008 8 An example: Crisis Management Conflict Prevention GRI Preparedness Situation Assessment GEO European Project Workshop, 3-4 September 2008 JRC’s contribution to EO: some conclusions • Space technology underpinning decision-making in key EU policies • Building operational uses of Environment and Security information in the public policy-making domain • Environment and Security research – benefits of advances at JRC • Nurturing networks and partnerships • Fostering the Global dimension • GMES services – a potential supporting role for JRC to develop and validate pre-operational services • Securing the supply side – an issue for GMES security 9 GEO European Project Workshop, 3-4 September 2008 10 JRC is the Technical Coordinator of the INSPIRE Directive •The INSPIRE Directive lays down general rules to establish an Infrastructure for Spatial Information in Europe for the purposes of Community environmental policies and policies or activities which may have an impact on the environment •This infrastructure shall build upon infrastructures for spatial information established and operated by the Member States. •Which data/services? –Existing spatial data held by or on behalf of a public authority operating down to the lowest level of government when laws or regulations require their collection or dissemination. GEO European Project Workshop, 3-4 September 2008 INSPIRE Components • 1. Metadata • 2. Interoperability of spatial data sets and services • 3. Network services (discovery, view, download, invoke) – Made available trough the European geo-portal • 4. Data and Service sharing (policy) • 5. Coordination and measures for Monitoring and Reporting • 11 GEO European Project Workshop, 3-4 September 2008 JRC in GEO/GEOSS • JRC have been active in the inter-governmental GEO and the development of GEOSS since its beginning – Attending Plenary Meetings and related EO Summits as member of the EC delegation – Participating in activities of the GEO European High Level Working Group – Contributing to the preparation and negotiation of the “10-year Implementation Plan” (2005), to the “Report On Progress” and to the “First 100 steps to GEOSS” (2007),.. • JRC is heavily committed to GEO through – its participation to GEOSS Committees • as co-chair of the Architecture and Data Committee and member of the Initial Operating Capability Task Force (A.Annoni) • as co-chair of the User Interface Committee (F.Pignatelli) • as active member in Science and Technology Committee • JRC participates in GEOSS tasks – Through institutional actions and activities • INSPIRE, MONDE, TREES-3, SOLO, PROCAS, AGRI4CAST, SOIL, FOREST, ..) – Through participation in FP7 European Projects • AEGOS, EuroGEOSS, GIGAS, DEVCoast, GEOLAND, … 12 JRC contribution to ADC and CGI GEO European Project Workshop, 3-4 September 2008 Image2000 Data Dissemination Service INSPIRE Catalog 13 GEO European Project Workshop, 3-4 September 2008 JRC participation to the GEO 2009-11 work plan Tasks (preliminary) • • Task to which we are already contributing – – – – – – – – – – – – – AR-09-01: GEOSS Common Infrastructure (GCI) CB-06-04: GEONETCast DA-09-01: Data Management AR-09-02: Connecting Observation Systems for GEOSS DA-09-03: Global Data Sets DA-09-04: Socio-Economic Indicators DA-09-05: Global Carbon Observation and Analysis System CB-09-03: Building Institutional Capacity to Use Earth Observations CL-06-01: Sustained Reprocessing and Reanalysis of Climate Data EC-09-01: Ecosystem Observation and Monitoring Network (GEO EcoNet) AG-07-03: Global Agricultural Monitoring AG-06-02: Data Utilization in Fisheries and Aquaculture BI-07-01: Biodiversity Observation Network (GEO BON) Other tasks of future interest – – – – – – – DI-09-03: Warning Systems for Disasters HE-09-02: Monitoring and Prediction Systems for Health EN-07-02: Energy Environmental Impact Monitoring CL-09-01: Environmental Information for Decision-making, Risk Management and Adaptation WA-06-02: Droughts, Floods and Water Resource Management WA-08-01: Integrated Products for Water Resource Management and Research EC-09-02: Human Dimension of Ecosystem Utilization and Conservation 14 GEO European Project Workshop, 3-4 September 2008 15 GEO related Workshop at the JRC: pre-announcements • 33rd International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment (ISRSE) – “Sustaining the Millennium Development Goals”; May 4-8, 2009; Stresa, Lago Maggiore, Italy • The 33rd ISRSE is jointly organized by the International Centre for Remote Sensing of Environment and the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission. The ISRSE is an International Society of Photogrammetry (ISPRS) Symposium. It will address the MDGs and be structured along the societal benefit areas of the GEO initiative. • 1st Workshop on “Rainfall Estimates for Crop Monitoring and Food Security”; October 22-24, 2008; Barza di Ispra (VA) Italy • Organised by the Agriculture Unit of the JRC in collaboration with the GEO Global Agricultural Monitoring (Task AG0703 of GEOSS) and in the frame of the support of JRC to the Food Security Information Systems in the Horn of Africa 2.