資訊技術服務中心

Report
Cloud Management Platform :
NCTU OpenStack Introduction
國立交通大學 資訊技術服務中心
蘇俊憲
2013/06/04
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資訊技術服務中心
Outline
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Cloud Computing
What is OpenStack
OpenStack Components
NCTU OpenStack (Essex)
NCTU OpenStack API Support
New NCTU OpenStack (Grizzly)
Conclusion and Future Work
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資訊技術服務中心
Cloud Computing
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The NIST definition of cloud computing identifies
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Service models
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On-demand self-service
Broad network access
Resource pooling
Rapid elasticity
Measured service
IaaS、 PaaS、 SaaS
key attributes of cloud computing
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On-demand availability
Ease of provisioning
Dynamic and virtually infinite scalability (auto-scaled)
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資訊技術服務中心
What is OpenStack
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The open source software for building private and
public clouds
Controls large pools of compute, storage, and
networking resources
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資訊技術服務中心
OpenStack Release Naming
Codename
Release Date
Cactus
Apr. 15 2011
Diablo
Sep. 29 2011
Essex
Apr.
Folsom
Sep. 27 2012
Grizzly
Apr.
5 2012
4 2013
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資訊技術服務中心
OpenStack Conceptual Architecture
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資訊技術服務中心
OpenStack Logical Architecture
Version : Grizzly
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資訊技術服務中心
OpenStack Components
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Computing
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Networking
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OpenStack Networking (Quantum)
Storing
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OpenStack Compute (Nova)
OpenStack Image service (Glance)
OpenStack Object Storage (Swift)
OpenStack Block Storage (Cinder)
Identity:Keystone
Dashboard :Horizon
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資訊技術服務中心
OpenStack Components (Cont.)
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Nova Compute
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Glance
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Compute resource management and Scheduler
VM life cycle management and VNC proxy
Discovering, registering, and retrieving VM images
Quantum
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Manage VM’s Network, assign floating IP, Iptables,
openvswitch
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資訊技術服務中心
OpenStack Components (Cont.)
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Swift
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Cinder
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Provides persistent block storage to VM
Keystone
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Object Storage (ex. Amazon S3)
User Identity
Components need register to keystone
Horizon
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Web dashboard。(ex. user login, VM create and
terminate, volume create, security group and etc.)
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資訊技術服務中心
OpenStack - Compute
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API
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nova-api : supports OpenStack Compute API, Amazon's
EC2 API and a special Admin API
nova-api-metadata : accepts metadata requests from
instances
Computing core
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nova-compute : creates and terminates virtual machine
instances(KVM, qemu, XEN and etc)
nova-schedule : schedule the VM to run on a host
nova-conductor : “mediator” between nova-compute and
the database
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資訊技術服務中心
OpenStack – Compute(Cont.)
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Networking for VMs
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Console Interface
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nova-network : setting up bridging interfaces or
changing iptables rules -> quantum
nova-dhcpbridge : tracks IP address leases and
records -> quantum
nova-consoleauth : authorizes user’s tokens that
console proxies provide
nova-novncproxy : provides a proxy for accessing
running instances through a VNC connection
Image Management (EC2 scenario)
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Web dashboard。
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資訊技術服務中心
OpenStack – Compute(cont.)
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Image Management (EC2 scenario)
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nova-objectstore : provides an S3 interface for
registering images onto the image management
service
euca2ools client : euca2ools can be used to issue
cloud management commands
Command Line Interpreter/Interfaces
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nova client
nova-manage client
Queue service : RabbitMQ
Database : sqlite3, MySQL and PostgreSQL
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資訊技術服務中心
OpenStack – Object Store
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Swift
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Distributed file system and prevent any single point of
failure
swift-proxy-server) accepts incoming requests via the
OpenStack Object API or HTTP
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資訊技術服務中心
OpenStack – Image Store
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glance-api
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glance-registry
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stores, processes and retrieves metadata about images
(size, type, etc.)
A database to store the image metadata
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accepts Image API calls for image discovery, image
retrieval and image storage
sqlite3, MySQL and PostgreSQL
image repository
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Swift, normal filesystems, RADOS block devices,
Amazon S3 and HTTP
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資訊技術服務中心
OpenStack – Identity
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keystone
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handles API requests as well as providing configurable
catalog, policy, token and identity services
pluggable backend
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LDAP or SQL and Key Value Stores
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資訊技術服務中心
OpenStack – Network
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quantum-server
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accepts API requests and then routes them to the
appropriate OpenStack Networking plugins for action
Networking plugins and agents
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Plugins : Cisco virtual and physical switches, Nicira NVP
product, NEC OpenFlow products, Open vSwitch, Linux
bridging and the Ryu Network Operating System
Agents : L3 (layer 3), DHCP (dynamic host IP
addressing)
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OpenStack – Block Storage
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cinder-api
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cinder-volume
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accepts API requests and routes them to cinder-volume
for action
maintain Cinder database state
interacting with other processes (like cinder-scheduler)
through a message queue
access upon block storage
cinder-scheduler
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picks the optimal block storage provider node to create
the volume on
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OpenStack – Dashboard
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Horizon
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Horizon is a modular Django web application that
provides an end user and administrator interface to
OpenStack services
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資訊技術服務中心
NCTU OpenStack - Essex
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資訊技術服務中心
OpenStack(Essex) with Swift
Version : Essex
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資訊技術服務中心
NCTU OpenStack(Essex) with Ceph
Version : Essex
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資訊技術服務中心
NCTU OpenStack Dashboard
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資訊技術服務中心
NCTU OpenStack Dashboard (Cont.)
可產生VM的規格
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資訊技術服務中心
NCTU OpenStack Dashboard (Cont.)
提供Inage列表
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資訊技術服務中心
NCTU OpenStack Dashboard (Cont.)
建立一台新的VM
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資訊技術服務中心
NCTU OpenStack Dashboard (Cont.)
Project中正在執行的
VM
控制VM開關機、快
照等等
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資訊技術服務中心
NCTU OpenStack Dashboard (Cont.)
網頁提供VNC
console
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資訊技術服務中心
Amazon AWS S3 compatible
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資訊技術服務中心
Amazon AWS S3 compatible (Cont.)
CloudBerry
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資訊技術服務中心
Amazon AWS S3 compatible (Cont.)
Gladinet
Cloud Drive
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資訊技術服務中心
NCTU OpenStack API Support
OpenStack
Controller
NOVA API
Client
EC2API
Client
提供使用者下載OpenStack or EC2憑證資料,使用者可以透過nova
API或EC2 API撰寫的程式,對OpenStack下命令
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資訊技術服務中心
NCTU OpenStack API Support (Cont.)
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#nova flavor-list
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資訊技術服務中心
NCTU OpenStack API Support (Cont.)
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#nova image-list
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資訊技術服務中心
NCTU OpenStack API Support (Cont.)
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#nova list
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#nova secgroup-list
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資訊技術服務中心
NCTU OpenStack API Support (Cont.)
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#nova secgroup-list-rules default
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#nova keypair-list
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資訊技術服務中心
NCTU OpenStack API Support (Cont.)
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#nova boot --flavor 1 --image 23461b5c-124d-4318-b1de740665be4bab --security_groups default --key_name
chsu_openstack "nova-api-create"
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資訊技術服務中心
NCTU OpenStack API Support (Cont.)
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#nova list
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資訊技術服務中心
New NCTU OpenStack – Grizzly
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Our New Physical Architecture
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http://openstack-grizzly.it.nctu.edu.tw
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資訊技術服務中心
New NCTU OpenStack – Grizzly (Cont.)
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Create Network (IPv4/6、DHCP、DNS、Route)
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資訊技術服務中心
New NCTU OpenStack – Grizzly (Cont.)
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Attach the New Network
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資訊技術服務中心
New NCTU OpenStack – Grizzly (Cont.)
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View Network Topology
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資訊技術服務中心
New NCTU OpenStack – Grizzly (Cont.)
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Create Images
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資訊技術服務中心
Reference
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http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/nistpubs/800-145/SP800-145.pdf
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloud_computing
https://github.com/mseknibilel/OpenStack-Grizzly-InstallGuide/blob/OVS_MultiNode/OpenStack_Grizzly_Install_Guide.rst
http://docs.openstack.org/trunk/openstackcompute/admin/content/conceptual-architecture.html
http://www.openstack.org/software/grizzly/
http://docs.openstack.org/trunk/openstackcompute/admin/content/ch_getting-started-with-openstack.html
http://openstack-grizzly.it.nctu.edu.tw/horizon/
http://openstack.nctu.edu.tw
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