11-IT_09_Road Safety Education in School(PKSikdar)

Report
Road Safety Education in Schools
21-22 May 2011
1st Intl. Conference on Road Safety – Vision 2020
MS University, Udaipur
Prof. P K Sikdar
President
ICT Pvt Ltd, New Delhi
[email protected]
Road Safety Scenario - World
Injuries -
Deaths -
And still
50 million every year
1.3 million every year
rising…
2
Road Safety Scenario - India
127,000 deaths every year
10% of global road fatalities
348 deaths per day, equivalent to a
jumbo crash everyday – no survivors
15 deaths per hour
One of the top three causes of death for 5-44
yr age group
3
Road Accidents….. A Disaster
Society carries the burden of death, disability and
despair in more than 100,000 families every year
It costs the nation Rs 75,000 crores every year,
which is 2-3% of GDP
A few Scenes of road crashes
A few Scenes of road crashes
Road Fatalities, by Age group
Age Group
No. of Road Fatalities
Share
0-14 years
13,185
11%
15-24 years
37,157
31%
25-65 years
58,731
49%
Above 65 years
10,787
9%
Road Fatalities Data of year 2008
• About half of all the victims are in the key wage
earning age group (25-65 years)
• Although the victims of < 14 years age group have
a share of 11%, this is the first step in the ladder
to make them aware of the problems
60,000
50,000
40,000
30,000
20,000
10,000
0
0-14 years 15-24 years 25-65 years Above 65
years
Initiatives Required for Road Safety
We need to have definite Initiatives for Road Safety
• Engineering measures & standards
• Public Education/Awareness
• Enhancing Driver skills
• Stricter Enforcement of Laws
• Emergency Services
WHY IN SCHOOLS?
• Children are the future road users
• Most effective strategies in developing road safety
awareness
• Best developmental ideas can be ingrained
• Behavior change can be promoted
• Life long benefits to a population at risk
• Relieve socio-economic burden on public health
resources and society
Attempt to safeguard children and prepare them as they
gradually start making use of the road
WHAT IS ROAD SAFETY EDUCATION
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
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Attitudes and behaviour
Self esteem and valuing others
Valuing safety
Risk management
Rules of the road
Education of road
Decision making
Engineering
Safety to be ensured in the environment surrounding the
children at any point of time
Road Safety Education in Schools
• To understand the traffic environment
and how to function in it
• To develop independence with due
responsibility
• To know how to use road safely
• To develop self-esteem and valuing
others’ rights on the road
• Recognize the features of the roads in
the local area
Road Safety Education in Schools
• To recognize and understand that the children need
to play in safe places
• To know where to stop, look all around and listen
before crossing a road
• To know the safest route to school
• To understand the use and principles of Zebra
Crossing
FRAMEWORK FOR RS EDUCATION
4. EVALUATE & ASSESS
3. ENHANCE EDUCATIONAL &
PSYCHOLOGICAL MEASURES
2. INFORM ABOUT TRAFFIC
ENVIRONMENT & SAFETY
1. BEGIN AT SCHOOL
WHO NEEDS TO BE INVOLVED?
ROAD SAFETY
OFFICERS
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT/P
OLICE
CHILDREN &
PARENTS
SPONSORS
INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS
KEY ELEMENTS
• A coordinating body, giving responsibility for
developing and monitoring the plan
• A long term implementation plan
• Well informed champion to animate the program
• Program for psychological development of
children
• Monitoring and evaluation
CURRENT SCENARIO OF ROAD
SAFETY EDUCATION IN SCHOOL
Road Safety Education in School
• Wide variety of road safety education in school
curriculum
• Some are a bit elaborate, while others are very
elementary
• No structured and uniform road safety education
curriculum in the country
• NCERT text books do not have any road safety
content
• CBSE curriculum had some road safety and traffic
related lessons before the recent changes (3 years
back) but it doesn’t contain it now
Road Safety School Curriculum
• In Class I to V there are some road and traffic related
materials included in elementary way
• Recent addition in curriculum of CBSE on ‘Disaster
Management’ has a small portion called Traffic
Accident in elementary way
• A few states like Maharashtra attempted to develop
school curriculum on road safety, but these are
sporadic efforts without continuity of purpose and
implementation
• All state boards have similar lessons (elementary
details of road and traffic) in the primary section
Road Safety School Curriculum, Andhra
Pradesh
• Course materials on Road Safety and traffic education
included in ‘Social Sciences’ by Directorate of School
Education, Govt. of AP (2009)
1. Class VI: Road – Safety Education
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–
–
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Pledge of Road Safety
Classification of Roads
Division of Roads
Designing roads at junction
2. Class VII: Traffic Education
–
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Prevention of Road Accidents
Parts of a Road
Pattern of Roads and Marking on Roads
Some traffic slogans and some Traffic Offences
Road Safety School Curriculum, Andhra
Pradesh
3. Class VIII: Traffic Education
– Road Safety Pledge
– Electronic Signals
4. Class IX: Traffic Education – Manual Signals
• Nine Hand Signals
• Railway Level Crossings
5. Class X: Traffic Education
• Safety Measures
• Use of Bicycles on Roads
• Use of Motor Cycles and Scooters on the Roads
Structured Road Safety Curriculum
• On pursuance of IRF India, the GoI has appointed an
Expert Committee under chairmanship of CBSE
• The Committee is making structured Road Safety
Curriculum for different age group of children in
different classes
• The Curriculum is going to be enforced for uniform
adoption across all the state boards
PROPOSAL
• As it is seen, the coverage in the primary section
(class I to V of NCERT books) and also in CBSE on
Disaster Management are grossly inadequate and
prepared without consideration of the learning
ability of the age groups
• There is a need that a consistent curriculum
structure for class I to class X be prepared
keeping in mind the learning abilities of children
of different age groups and the complexity of
lessons
Structured Road Safety Curriculum
CONTENTS OF RSE AT DIFFERENT LEVELS
1. Age group 0 – 4
• Too young, should be taught only very basic elements
• Recognize road are dangerous and play in safe place
• Walk only on footpath
• Recognize that road is for traffic
2.
•
•
•
•
•
•
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Age group 5 – 7
Knowledge of various elements like road, footpath, zebra crossing
Know different vehicles on the road
Understand direction of traffic by sight and sound
Use of marked pedestrian crossing
How to go to school and come back from school safely
That accidents can lead to injury and death
Understand meaning of traffic lights
Responsibility on road, even to others
Structured Road Safety Curriculum
3.
•
•
•
•
•
Age group 8 – 12
Understanding traffic light, signs, road markings
Safe place to play – away from the road
Concept of differing speeds by observing traffic
Learn when and how to deal with traffic risk
Help smaller children on road for crossing or other safety
aspects
4.
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•
•
•
Age group 12 – 16+ (considered as mini-adults)
Understand road signs, markings and signals
Safety in public transport
Riding bicycle on the road
Understand the problem of alcohol, drugs and fatigue in
relation to road accident
Road Safety Education Campaign by IRF
India
• IRF has initiated school
visits by Road Safety
Experts to develop the
safety consciousness
amongst school children
and adoption of safe
road user behavior
through lectures,
computer games,
competitions, and actual
demonstrations
ROAD SAFETY AWARENESS / PUBLIC
EDUCATION
Awareness Campaign for GQ
• Upgraded highways (under NHDP) are carrying
high speed traffic
• Immediate hazard is posed to the communities
living and growing alongside these highways
• These communities are to be made aware of this
fact
• Their behaviour needs change to suit the new
physical environment, to save them from risks
• NHAI launched a Public Education Campaign for
the Golden Quadrilateral
Campaign & Training Material
• Campaign Material (in 5
languages),
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Booklets
Posters
Banners
Audio Cassette
Video Films
• Training Material,
– Power Point Presentations
for Training of Awareness
Raisers and Key Awareness
Raisers
• Demonstration events
Stages of Campaign Delivery
4 Months
6 Months
6 Months
Cycle 1
Cycle 2
Cycle 3
Campaign
Delivery &
Workshops
for Training
of ARs in
Schools
Monitoring
of KARs /
ARs activities
Evaluation of
Road Safety
Campaign
Review of
KARs/ARs
Monitoring & Evaluation
Pre-campaign
Post-campaign
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
Appreciation and
awareness about road
safety
Knowledge and practice of
road safety rules and
devices
Correct Road Use
Behaviours
EXAMPLES OF ROAD SAFETY
EDUCATION IN SCHOOLS
RSE IN COMBODIA SCHOOL
• In 2007, an educational consultancy company from New
Zealand was funded by NZAID to a develop a road safety
education programme for the Combodian Ministry of
Education Youth and Sport (MoEYS)
• Educating NZ worked with HIB and local stakeholders to
develop a RSE programme for Grades 7-9
• Initial outcome was a matrix of learning outcome
identifying what students at those levels should know.
• Developed a teaching handbook designed to achieve the
above learning outcomes and a resource book containing
attractive engaging material
RSE IN COMBODIA SCHOOL
Benefits
• Experience shows that receiving road safety education
as a part of formal school curriculum from the earliest
stage is one of the most effective strategies towards
awareness and behavioral change, reducing in the
number of accidents in the long term
• To date, more than 800 primary schools are
implementing the Grade 1-6 RS curriculum, in 24
provinces
• Over seven lakhs students benefited
• Over 5,000 school directors/teachers,
provinces/district education representatives received
RSE curriculum trainings
RSE IN COMBODIA SCHOOL
• Future plans of expanding Grade 7-9 curriculum
to all 24 provinces.
• A curriculum will also be developed for upper
secondary school funded by ADB and AusAid,
under the management of the National Road
Safety Committee and Ministry of Education and
with technical support from Educating New
Zealand and Handicap International Belgium
RSE IN MALAYSIAN SCHOOLS
• Identified best programs and initiatives from around
the world
• Identify the problem facing children and young
people on the roads
• Explored the preferred pedagogy in classrooms &
students activities
• Collaborated with the Ministry of Education about
the intended program & implementation
• Road Safety Education in schools was commenced in
2007.
• In 2010 every primary school aged child received a
minimum of 8 lessons.
RSE in Viet Nam Schools
• TRL, UK and ICT Pvt Ltd were engaged in
revamping the already developed school
curriculum
• Project involved detailed testing and verification
of adoptability in identified schools
• It also included training the school teachers to
establish the capacity building required in
teachers to deliver the curriculum
PASSPORT FOR LIFE
Put forward by Bedford Borough Council Road Safety
1. STRATEGY
• Recognizing the need and demand for structured road
safety education
• Stressing the need for clear responsible road safety
objectives
2. VISION
• Reduce number of casualties on the road and to make
commitment to the safety for all
3. OBJECTIVES
• Passport for life provides an overall policy objective
and contain road safety measures for encouraging RS
education
PASSPORT FOR LIFE
4. POLICY
5. RESPONSIBILITY OF SCHOOL
6. LOOK AT THE CURRICULUM
RESULTS AIMED
• Reduce all traffic accident casualties by 40% and
children casualties by 50% by 2010
• Promote, support and encourage a coordinated
approach to road safety in all schools for all
academic years
• Concerned with both the present and future
In Conclusion
• Road safety education in school is truly a passport
for life
• A structured road safety education in schools is
capable of developing a road safety culture in
future generation
• The rights and responsibilities of each road user is
to be ingrained in the young minds
• This is required to be uniform across the country
• Targeted action plan with mechanism for
monitoring and evaluation
ROAD SAFETY
IS NO ACCIDENT
Building Road
Safety Culture
THANK YOU

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