What is culture ? - Dr Monika Badecka

Report
Dr. Monika Badecka-Kozikowska
„ …. an invisible control mechanism
operating in our thoughts. We
become only aware of this control
mechanism when it is severely
challenged by exposure to a
different culture” (Hall 1983).
a shared set of basic assumptions
and values, behavioural norms,
attitudes and beliefs manifested
in systems and institutions;
behavioural patterns
and non-behavioral items.
Culture is shared among members
of one group or society
(Hofstede in Dahl 2004; Spencer-Oatey 2000).
a system that can be peeled, layer by layer (Hofstede 1991) ;
Outer layers
Rituals / Behavioural patterns
Heroes
Symbols
Artefacts & products
Systems & institutions
Inner core values
Basic assumptions
Beliefs
Attitudes
Behavioural conventions (Spencer –Oatey 2000)
See Slides 6 & 7 above
T
Who are
culture
learners?
Language
class
members
Travellers /
Tourists
Sojourners
An ability to:
evaluate critically , […],
perspectives,
practices and
products
in one’s own and other cultures &
countries (Byram, 1997)
What is Intercultural Communicative
Competence (ICC)?
It is an ability to
- interact with people from another
country and culture
- to act as a mediator between people of
different cultural origins
- to use language appropriately
(sociolinguistic & discourse competence)
- and be aware of specific meanings of
this language (Byram, 1998)
A Culture Assimilator
by means of Critical
Incidents (Cushner &Brislin 1996)
The Three
Oddest Words
When I pronounce the
word Future,
the first syllable already
belongs to the past.
When I pronounce
the word Silence,
I destroy it.
When I pronounce the
word Nothing,
I make something
no non-being can hold.
Wisława Szymborska
transl. by St. Barańczak
The ……est Words / My /
Their … Words
When I …………………….
………………………………
When I …………………….
………………………………
When I ……………………..
……………………………….
I ………………………………
……………………………… .
Laozi
Laozi often
explains
his ideas
by way of
paradox.
When I pronounce the word Enemy,
I respect him first of all.
When I pronounce the word Honour,
I must defeat myself.
When I pronounce the Word Sorrow.
I always find a shadow by my side.
When I read the word Peace,
the first syllable belongs to security.
When I read the word Freedom,
I pursue it.
When I read the word Death,
I make something no being can block.
[email protected]
www.monika-badecka-kozikowska.pl
Heaven is where the police are British,
the cooks are French,
the mechanics are German,
the lovers are Italian,
and it is all organized and run by the
Swiss.
Hell is where
…………………………………………
the police are German,
the cooks are British,
the mechanics are French,
the lovers are Swiss,
and it is all organized and run by the
Italians.

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