William Shakespeare

Report
HUMANITIES SCHEDULE
Today – Renaissance Drama and dance notes
 Tuesday – Review of art and music
 Wednesday – Binder checks and note cards
 Thursday – Test
 Friday – Sub
 Monday – Make-up test
 Tuesday – Start Romeo and Juliet writing
assignment
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RENAISSANCE BINDER CHECK
Renaissance Basics worksheet
 Greek wonders worksheet
 Renaissance visual art w/ summary
 Renaissance music w/ summary
 Renaissance music worksheet
 Renaissance drama w/ summary
 Renaissance dance w/ summary
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RENAISSANCE THEATRE
Commedia Dell’arte & Elizabethan Theatre
COMMEDIA DELL’ARTE
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Italian Renaissance
Whose Line is it Anyway
Touring groups
Used characters instantly recognizable to era audiences
Had basic plot outlines/improvised dialogue/used
costumes, masks, and movements that made their
character recognizable
Stock characters – stereotypical characters
ELIZABETHAN THEATRE
Late English Renaissance
 Changes to theatre – love of language & poetry
 Actors became professionals
 Permanent theatre buildings (Globe)
 William Shakespeare most notable playwright
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WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE – THE BASICS
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Thought to be born on April 23, 1564 in Stratford-uponAvon
Died April 23, 1616
Considered to be the best writer in
the English language
Surviving works: 38 plays, 154 sonnets, 2 long narrative
poems, and several other poems.
SONNETS
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Many seem to be written to the same person.
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Follow a structure:
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Sonnet Sequence
abab
cdcd
efef
gg
Themes: Love, Beauty, Politics, Mortality
SONNET 18 – DON’T COPY
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Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
And summer's lease hath all too short a date;
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
And often is his gold complexion dimm'd;
And every fair from fair sometime declines,
By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd;
But thy eternal summer shall not fade,
Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st;
Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade,
When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st:
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So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
So long lives this, and this gives life to thee
SHAKESPEARE’S STYLE
Blank Verse – Poetry with meter but no rhyme
 Iambic Pentameter – 10 syllables to a line, every
other syllable stressed.
 Wordplay
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Double Entendre – A word or phrase with two meanings
Soliloquy – A speech made by a character to
himself or to the audience.
HAMLET’S SOLILOQUY – DON’T COPY
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To be or not to be, that is the question;
Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer
The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune,
Or to take arms against a sea of troubles,
And by opposing, end them. To die, to sleep;
No more; and by a sleep to say we end
The heart-ache and the thousand natural shocks
That flesh is heir to — 'tis a consummation
Devoutly to be wish'd. To die, to sleep;
To sleep, perchance to dream. Ay, there's the rub,
For in that sleep of death what dreams may come,
When we have shuffled off this mortal coil,
Must give us pause.
THE GLOBE THEATRE
First theatre built by actors, for actors.
 Theatre where the majority of Shakespeare’s
works were originally performed.
 Exact size unknown – The original theatre
burned down. It was replaced, and the
replacement was destroyed to make room for
housing.
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THE LAYOUT
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The Pit – Open area around stage. For a penny, you
could stand here to watch a performance.
The Gallery – Three levels of stadium-style seating.
More expensive than the pit.
The Stage Platform – Where the Performances took
place.
The Cellarage – Area underneath stage.
Ceiling (Heavens) – Roof over back part of stage.
Balcony – used for musicians & Balcony scenes.
THE AUTHORSHIP DEBATE
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There are many who believe that William Shakespeare did not actually write any plays.
Other authors may be:
 Francis Bacon
 Christopher Marlowe
 William Stanley
 Edward de Vere – most likely and argued “true” author
Reasons
 Few official records (baptism, marriage, and death) – no school records
 No poems or plays in his handwriting – compared to other known documents
 Will doesn’t include the writings
 Vocabulary 29,000 words
 Commoner/education
 Other languages/places traveled to
 William Shakspere
VIDEO
Watch the video and add a few significant
points to the authorship debate notes
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=efK7h8mh
Hvk
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BEFORE WE MOVE TO DANCE,
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Write your 3-4 sentence summary for
Renaissance Theatre
RENAISSANCE DANCE
TWO BASIC TYPES
 Court Dances
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Slower Dances
 Pavan
 Bassadance
 Almain
Faster Dances
 Galliard
 Coranto
 Canario
 Common
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Branle
Morisco
Dances
DANCE IN THE COURT
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Invented by rulers, kings, and aristocrats for
their entertainment
Displayed social etiquette
Everyone was expected to learn to dance.
Took both secular and religious meaning
COMMON DANCE
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Less formal than court dance.
THOINOT ARBEAU
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Anagrammatic Pen Name for Jehan Tabourot (a
monk)
Wrote Orchésographie, a manual with detailed
instructions for numerous styles of dance.
First use of dance tabulations, a significant
innovation in dance notation.
DANCE SUMMARY
3-4 Sentence summary on Renaissance Dance
 Binder Checks Monday
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