Mozart Analysis

Report
Mozart
Piano Concerto no 23 in A Major
Features of Classical Music
• Texture: Light and clear mainly homophonic
• Melody: Elegant and expressive
• Instruments: Orchestra grew from Baroque
Period. Piano featured lots.
• Form: Chamber music along with symphony,
sonata and concerto gained popularity. Sonata
form developed.
• Features: Alberti Bass – repeated figure in LH
– broken chord
Mozart’s Styles
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Skilled composer and pianist
Clear form and structure
Uses many themes linked brilliantly
Classical period usually had keys modulating
to related keys but Mozart often used
unexpected keys….SURPRISE!!!!
• Mozart developed the clarinet…writing solo
pieces for it.
Classical Form
• Concerto – Solo instrument contrasted against
the orchestra
• Cadenza – Solo section usually inserted at the
end to show the skill of the player.
• Ternary form – 3 part form where the first part
is identical to the last ABA
• Sonata Form – form in 3 sections Exposition,
Development and Recapitulation
Piano Concerto No. 23 in A Major K488
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3 movements
Movement 1 – Sonata Form
Movement II – Ternary Form
Movement III – Sonata-Rondo Form
Sonata Rondo Form uses the recurring theme
idea of Rondo with the Sonata plan form
Form Comparisons
SONATA RONDO FORM – Movement III
SONATA FORM – Movement I
Section
Expo
Si
Subject
A
Key
TONIC
Tion
Development
Recap
Itula
B
A/B
A
B
DOM
VARIOUS
TONIC
TONIC
tion
1st Movement Analysis
Orchestral Exposition bars 1-66
Bars 1-8 Theme 1a
• A Major (Violin)
• Repeated by WW
Theme 1b bars 18-22 (violin)
• Rhythmic tune played by WW and strings
• Links 1st and 2nd Theme
1st Movement Analysis
Orchestral Exposition bars 1-66
Second Subject – Theme 2a (1c) bars 30-35 (Strings
repeated by WW not in Dom at this stage)
• Lyrical in nature contrasts other themes
Bars 46-52 – Theme 2aa (1d) bars energetic and
vibrant dialogue between strings and WW
• Closes orchestral exposition
1st Movement Analysis
Piano Exposition bars 67-156
Bars 67-74 Theme 1a
• A Major (Piano with string acc.)
• Repeated version decorated hugely
Theme 1b bars 83-98(piano)
• Broken chord acc in piano
• Scales and sequences in RH
• Links 1st and 2nd Theme – links to E Major
1st Movement Analysis
Piano Exposition bars 67-156
Second Subject – Theme 2a (1c) bars 99-106(Piano with
block chord) Repeated by Fl, Bassoon and 1st Violin
• Lyrical in nature contrasts other themes
Bars 115-136 – Theme 2aa (1d) Melody on piano
with Orchestral acc – Alberti bass
1st Movement Analysis
Piano Exposition bars 67-148
Bars 114-137 – Theme 2aa (1d)
• Piano plays wildly elaborately
Bars 137 – material from 1b acts as codetta still in E
major
Theme 3a (1e) bars 143-149 violin
• Sounds like new section but appears later in recap
so really belongs to the exposition. Describe it as a
‘development theme’.
1st Movement Analysis
Development b156-170
Bars 156-170 – Theme 3 (1e) Part One
• Expecting keys of A Major-E Major – D Major – 3 related minors
F# minor – C# minor – B minor
• However Mozart does not do this
• Key sequence uses falling 3rds E-C and C-A
Bars 156 – 4 bar phrase in E minor
• Dialogue between clarinets, bassoons and horns
Bar 160
• Repeated above idea in C Major
Bar 164
• Repeat but extend now in A minor
• Piano continues with idea ending in F Major
• Strings take idea into D minor
1st Movement Analysis
Development b170-198
Bars 170 – Theme 3 (1e) Part Two
• C material developed again
• Cl and fl play in canon at a 4th
• RH plays scales and semi-quaver passages
Bars 177
• F major chord begins preparation to bring piece back
to dominant E which brings music back to A for recap.
• B178-185 repeated E’s on low strings and horns
• RH plays scales and broken chords
• B197 rising chromatic scale

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