Mr Nye`s Powerpoint on Hitler`s Foreign Policy and the Causes of

Report
Outline of what we’ll cover....
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Hitler’s aims and The Treaty of Versailles
Rearmament
Expansion
Anchluss
Appeasement
Nazi-Soviet Pact
Task...Let’s see what you already know..work in pairs..
3 Facts or statements about each bullet point..
Hitler’s Aims and the TofV?
 Hitler’s Aims were outlined in Mein Kampf? (1924)
 Part of his popular support was due to attitude to the
Treaty... Come up with 4 issues that Germans disliked?
 Hitler comes to power in January 1933...
AIMS: DESTROY THE TofV – REARM & RECAPTURE
UNITE ALL GERMAN SPEAKERS
EXPAND EAST – LEBENSRAUM
DESTROY COMMUNISM
Rearmament
Use pp45 to list at least 3 actions of aggression or rearmament.
What was the REACTION to Hitler’s actions?
How is this a CAUSE of WW II?
Rhineland 1936
32,000 invaders
Hitler’s gamble
Reaction of Rhinelanders
Why did the British and
French fail to enforced the
TofV?
What does the cartoon tell
us about Nazi attitude to
military restrictions
imposed by the TofV? (6)
Use the sources and your
own knowledge,
Context
Interpretation
Knowledge
Anchluss with
Austria 1938
Anchluss 1938
 Objective to unite German speaking people
 Previous attempt 1934 (Mussolini & von Schuschnigg)
 Spanish Civil War 1936 improved Nazi-Italian relations
 Rome-Berlin Axis (1936) & Anti-Commitern Act (1937)
 Austrian Nazi plot to overthrow government
 Rioting in Austria. Hitler sent troops in to restore peace.
 80,000 opponents imprisoned, Hitler enters Austria
 Plebicite, (vote) 99.75% said ‘yes’ to Anchluss
Winston Churchill
Appeasement
Appeasement: The
policy of granting
concessions to
potential enemies in
an attempt to
maintain peace.
Timeline of Invasion/Appeasement
12-13 September 1938:
 Hitler encourages Konrad Henlein, leader of the Sudeten Nazis,
to rebel, and demands a union with Germany.
 When the Czech government declares martial law, Hitler
threatens war.
15 September 1938:
 Chamberlain goes to see Hitler at Berchtesgaden.
 Without consulting Czechoslovakia, he promises to give Hitler
all the areas where more than 50 per cent of the population is
German. Then he persuades France to agree.
22-23 September 1938:
 Chamberlain goes to Bad Godesberg to tell Hitler about the
decision, but Hitler now demands ALL the Sudetenland.
Chamberlain refuses; it looks like war.
 Chamberlain calls the crisis 'a quarrel in a faraway country,
between people of whom we know nothing'.
30 September 1938:
 At Munich, France and Britain agree to give Hitler the
Sudetenland.
 Chamberlain waves 'a piece of paper' with Hitler's statement
that he does not want to go to war. German troops march into
the Sudetenland, and are welcomed as heroes.
Appeasement
“How horrible, fantastic, incredible it is, that we should be
digging trenches and trying on gas-masks here, because of a
quarrel in a faraway country between people of whom we know
nothing...
However much we may sympathise with a small nation
confronted by a big and powerful neighbour, we cannot in all
circumstances undertake to involve the whole British Empire in
war simply on her account. If we have to fight, it must be on
larger issues than that. I am myself a man of peace to the depths
of my soul; armed conflict between nations is a nightmare to
me... War is a fearful thing, and we must be very clear before we
embark on it, that it is really the great issues that are at stake.”
Neville Chamberlain
Appeasement
For Appeasement
Against Appeasement
 Not ready to fight
 Green light to Hitler
 Memory of WW1
 Legitimise his actions
 Public didn’t want war
 Germany not ready for war
 Need for a strong Germany
 Made war inevitable
 TofV had been unfair
 Forced Nazi/Soviet Alliance
 Hitler admired!
Results of Appeasement
 Hitler invades the rest of Czechoslovakia
 Hitler had captured non-German speaking people...
 Britain no longer trusted Germany
 Britain promised to defend Poland if Germany attacked.
Chamberlain’s
policy of
appeasement
was the best
policy to avoid
war with Nazi
Germany.
To what extent
do you agree
with this
statement.
Use your own
knowledge and
the source.
Nazi Soviet Pact August 1939
Silly Video
Stalin wanted to work with Britain and France to halt
Hitler’s advance.
Negotiations didn’t go well:
Britain and France didn’t trust Stalin
Stalin didn’t think the British & French could halt Hitler
Poland weren’t happy to have Soviet troops in Poland
Nazi Soviet Pact August 1939
 SURPISE! Hitler and Stalin signed the Pact in secret!
Promised not to fight one another
Secretly agreed to split Poland
Hitler
 Allowed Germany to
continue expansion
 Lebensraum
 Divided his ‘enemies’
 Buying time to rearm
Stalin
 Allowed USSR to expand
 Stalin didn’t trust Britain
and France
 Avoid conflict
 Buying time to rearm
Why would Stalin and
Hitler sign an agreement
They hate each other!
Nazi Germany
France & Britain
Cause of
World War II
Soviet Union
Treaty of Versailles
Hitler’s Aims & TofV
Expansion
Rearmament
Anschluss
Appeasement
Nazi-Soviet Pact

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