Secondary Industries - WW

Lesson 2- Sectors of Industry
Sectors: categories of different kinds of work
1. Primary Industries –
2. Secondary Industries (manufacturing)
3. Tertiary Industries
4. Quaternary Industries
Primary Industries – Naturally found products that are taken from the Earth, e.g.
minerals, agricultural crops, fish and forestry products. ~3% of Canadian workforce.
Secondary Industries (manufacturing) – The production, making, building,
processing, assembling of raw materials into a finished product, e.g. Processed food,
textiles / clothing, paper / pulp, machinery, chemicals and housing. ~20% of
Canadian workforce.
Tertiary (service) Industries – Services are provided that people want, nothing is
made, e.g. banking, tourism, professional sportsmen / women and consultants. ~
76% of Canadian workforce.
Quaternary Industries – Modern technology based business, e.g. web design,
programming, e-commerce. ~1% of Canadian workforce.
So which are these do you think?
Primary Industry: Industries that take raw
materials from the environment
Usually located where resources are
E.g. farming, forestry, fishing, and mining
primary industries make a critical
contribution to Canada’s wealth
A small
percentage of Canada’s labour
force works in primary industries
A greater
percentage of Canada’s labour
force worked in primary industries before
machinery replaced human labour for many
Secondary Industry: involve the processing of primary
industry products into finished goods
 The most important secondary industry is manufacturing
 Secondary industries employ far more Canadians than
do primary industries - three times as many workers
 Takes raw materials and changes them into things that
we can use.
E.g. Automobile production plant, Oil refinery, Steel mill
 Manufacturing
often involves more than one stage of
 For example, iron ore, coal, limestone, and other metals all products of primary industry - are used to make steel
 This is called primary manufacturing
 In the secondary manufacturing stage, the steel may be
used to make a car, a refrigerator, nails etc.
 Manufacturing industries are located in towns and cities
and in most cases in more densely populated areas
 Uses
the products of primary manufacturing
(e.g. paper to make newspaper and books).
Tertiary Industry: Tertiary industries provide a wide range
of services that support primary and secondary industries
 These industries DO NOT manufacture products. They
provide SERVICES such as transportation and retail outlets.
 E.g. Airline, retail, sales, government, tourism and other
Primary, Secondary, Tertiary, or
Write down in your notes if each of the
following pictures is primary,
secondary, tertiary, or quaternary.
The person with the most correct gets
a prize!!!
Why know about it?
Know where you want to work - Arielle
 Which sectors have the best chance
to get a job in. - Arielle
 Understanding the process of how
things are made within the industry
you are interested.
◦ Education example: making textbooks,
tutors, teachers, professors (doctors),
curriculum planners
For the listed opportunity, state how your life will change:
You graduate high school.
You move into your own apartment.
You land your first full time job.
You lose your first full time job.

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