Lesson 2- Sectors of Industry Sectors: categories of different kinds of work activity. 1. Primary Industries – 2. Secondary Industries (manufacturing) 3. Tertiary Industries 4. Quaternary Industries Primary Industries – Naturally found products that are taken from the Earth, e.g. minerals, agricultural crops, fish and forestry products. ~3% of Canadian workforce. Secondary Industries (manufacturing) – The production, making, building, processing, assembling of raw materials into a finished product, e.g. Processed food, textiles / clothing, paper / pulp, machinery, chemicals and housing. ~20% of Canadian workforce. Tertiary (service) Industries – Services are provided that people want, nothing is made, e.g. banking, tourism, professional sportsmen / women and consultants. ~ 76% of Canadian workforce. Quaternary Industries – Modern technology based business, e.g. web design, programming, e-commerce. ~1% of Canadian workforce. So which are these do you think? 5 PRIMARY INDUSTRY Primary Industry: Industries that take raw materials from the environment Usually located where resources are found. E.g. farming, forestry, fishing, and mining PRIMARY INDUSTRY primary industries make a critical contribution to Canada’s wealth A small percentage of Canada’s labour force works in primary industries A greater percentage of Canada’s labour force worked in primary industries before machinery replaced human labour for many tasks SECONDARY INDUSTRY Secondary Industry: involve the processing of primary industry products into finished goods The most important secondary industry is manufacturing Secondary industries employ far more Canadians than do primary industries - three times as many workers Takes raw materials and changes them into things that we can use. E.g. Automobile production plant, Oil refinery, Steel mill SECONDARY INDUSTRY Manufacturing often involves more than one stage of processing For example, iron ore, coal, limestone, and other metals all products of primary industry - are used to make steel This is called primary manufacturing In the secondary manufacturing stage, the steel may be used to make a car, a refrigerator, nails etc. Manufacturing industries are located in towns and cities and in most cases in more densely populated areas SECONDARY INDUSTRIES Uses the products of primary manufacturing (e.g. paper to make newspaper and books). TERTIARY INDUSTRY Tertiary Industry: Tertiary industries provide a wide range of services that support primary and secondary industries These industries DO NOT manufacture products. They provide SERVICES such as transportation and retail outlets. E.g. Airline, retail, sales, government, tourism and other services Primary, Secondary, Tertiary, or Quaternary Write down in your notes if each of the following pictures is primary, secondary, tertiary, or quaternary. The person with the most correct gets a prize!!! Why know about it? Know where you want to work - Arielle Which sectors have the best chance to get a job in. - Arielle Understanding the process of how things are made within the industry you are interested. -Zen ◦ Education example: making textbooks, tutors, teachers, professors (doctors), curriculum planners QUESTIONS FOR HOMEWORK For the listed opportunity, state how your life will change: You graduate high school. You move into your own apartment. You land your first full time job. You lose your first full time job.