Ron Sega, USAF, Ret & Astronaut

Report
Military Officers Association of America (MOAA)
Ohio Council of Chapters
Ron Sega
U.S. Air Force (ret.)
Sputnik
October 4, 1957
Yuri Gagarin
Mercury
Gemini
Apollo
Apollo-Soyuz
Space Shuttle - Discovery
901 TAG and 302 TAW (1982-1987)
Test Flight – May 26, 2010
Photos from 910 AW website
9
STS-60
Space Shuttle Discovery
1994
Source: http://science.ksc.nasa.gov/gallery/photos/1996/high/KSC-96PC-2961.10.jpg
Source: http://science.ksc.nasa.gov/gallery/photos/1995/high/KSC-95PC-0969.jpg
Source: http://science.ksc.nasa.gov/shuttle/missions/sts-60/sts-60-patch.jpg
Source:
http://images.jsc.nasa.gov/luceneweb/fullimage.jsp?searchpage=true&keywords=wake&textsearc
h=Go&hitsperpage=5&pageno=3&photoId=STS060-74-054
Source: http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/gallery/images/shuttle/sts-69/hires/sts069-723-072.jpg
Source:
http://images.jsc.nasa.gov/luceneweb/fullimage.jsp?searchpage=true&keywords
=wake&textsearch=Go&hitsperpage=5&pageno=2&photoId=STS060-54-018
Source:
http://images.jsc.nasa.gov/lucene
web/fullimage.jsp?searchpage=tru
e&keywords=wake&textsearch=G
o&hitsperpage=5&pageno=3&phot
oId=STS060-57-033
Source:
http://images.jsc.nasa.gov/luceneweb
/fullimage.jsp?searchpage=true&key
words=wake&textsearch=Go&hitsper
page=5&pageno=2&photoId=STS06
0-09-024
Source: http://spaceflight1.nasa.gov/gallery/images/shuttle/sts-69/hires/sts069-732-048.jpg
Source: http://spaceflight1.nasa.gov/gallery/images/shuttle/sts-69/hires/sts069-724-095.jpg
STS-76
Space Shuttle Atlantis to Mir
1996
International Space Station
Director of Defense Research
and Engineering, Department of Defense

Three Areas of Increased Emphasis

National Aerospace Initiative
 Surveillance and Knowledge Systems
 Energy and Power Technologies

Technical Systems Reviews

Technology Readiness Assessments
 Task Force support to Systems Development

Workforce Initiative

DUSD (Laboratories and Basic Sciences)
 National Defense Education Program (NDEP)
37
Hypersonics -- X-51A
Test Flight – May 26, 2010
38
Energy & Power Technologies…
- Enabling a More Electric Force
POWER
GENERATION
• Fuel Cells & Fuel
Reforming
• Novel Power
ENERGY
STORAGE
• Batteries
• Capacitors
FUEL CELL
Electric Warship
Space Based Radar
High Power Microwave
POWER CONTROL
AND DISTRIBUTION
• Switching &
Conditioning
• Power
Transmission &
Distribution
• Thermal
Management
More Electric Aircraft
FY02
FY12
New Operational
Capabilities
Electric/Hybrid
Weapons
Warrior
Hybrid/Electric
Combat Vehicle
39
Under Secretary of the Air Force

Space

Department of Defense Executive Agent for Space
 Back to Basics in Acquisition and the Block Approach
Systems Engineering
 Workforce


Research and Development

Alignment with Needs and Redistribution of Risk
 Stability in Basic Research

Energy
“Make Energy a Consideration in All We Do”
 Energy Strategy (Supply and Demand – with Metrics)

Acquisition Stages—Block Approach
- GPS III Example
IIIA
System
Development
Science &
Technology
Block 3
Block 2
Spot
Beam
Block 3
Block 3
Block 4
Block 4
Block 5
Block 5
Block 6
Block 5
Block 6
Clocks
Block 4
Block 4
Cross
Links
Development
Technology
IIIC
Block 2
Block 1
Production
Systems
IIIB
Block 7
Space Test Program-1 Launch
Tactical Satellite Experiment-2 (TacSat-2)
Successful Launch,
16 Dec 06
Ground Terminal –
China Lake
Capability:
• Field tasking/data downlink in same pass
• One meter tactical imagery
• Specific emitter ID & geolocation
• Dynamic retasking
• Autonomous tasking/checkout/on-orbit
maintenance, on-board data processing
• Total mission cost w/ launch ~$63M
Notes: First Image, Pacific Ocean
• First of TACSAT series on-orbit
• Utilized the Minotaur launch vehicle
• Launched from Wallops Island Facility
• Successfully commanded spacecraft
from China Lake ground station
Air Force Energy Strategy
- Addressing Supply & Demand
“Make Energy a Consideration in All We Do”

Accelerate development and use of “Alternative” sources




Synthetic Fuel for Aviation
Renewable Energy for Installations
Enhance energy efficiency -- aviation and infrastructure
Promote a culture where Airmen conserve energy
44
Air Force Energy Use
(as Percentage of Cost)
Facility
18%
Fighter
20%
Bomber
8%
Trainer
3%
Ground
2%
“Other”
7%
Aviation Mobility
42%
A $10/BBL INCREASE IN THE COST OF CRUDE OIL DRIVES A ~$600M/YR
INCREASE IN THE COST TO AF OPERATIONS
Source: DESC FY06 Cost Data
Fuels Enterprise System & Defense Utility Reporting System
45
Air Force Energy Strategy
Oversight Structure
Senior Focus Group
Infrastructure
WG
Acquisition &
Tech WG
Aviation
Operations
WG
Critical
Infrastructure
Program WG
Synthetic
Fuels WG
Innovative Financing Working Group
Strategic Outreach Working Group
46
Examples of Air Force Energy Initiatives in the
United States
Demonstrate H2 Production &
Military Fuel Cell Vehicle
Grand Forks AFB, ND
Synthetic Fuels
Research, Air
Force Research
Lab, WPAFB, OH
Fuel Cell/Electric
Warehouse Tractor
Selfridge ANGB, MI
14MW Photovoltaic
generation, Nellis AFB, NV
B-52 SynFuel Flight
Demo, Edwards AFB, CA
Wind generation farm,
FE Warren AFB, WY
Low Speed
Vehicles
Shaw AFB, SC
122 KW Photovoltaic
project, Luke AFB, AZ
Waste energy
and ice plant,
Dyess AFB, TX
Demonstration Sites
Advanced Power
Technology Office,
Robins AFB, GA
Air Force Energy Office,
Tyndall AFB, FL
Center of Excellence
47
Synthetic Fuel Blend Engine Run (AFRL)
48
B-52 Initial Flight Test of Synthetic Fuel/JP-8
Blend—Flight Crew (September 2006)
49
United Airlines / Rentech Engineering Validation
Flight - April 30, 2010 (Colorado)
RenJet Fuel Loading
Education / Workforce Initiatives
 National Defense Education Act -- 1958
 Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Study
 National Defense Education Program (NDEP)
 NAS Study: Rising Above the Gathering Storm
 MOAA Educational Foundation
 The MOAA Scholarship Fund
 Interest-Free Loan and Grant Program
 The American Patriot Scholarship
Systems Engineering

Trend toward increasing complexity of systems


Needs of industry and government



Aerospace, Energy, Environment, Health Care, etc.
National Surveys
Colorado Industry and Government Surveys
Systems engineering education at CSU



Undergraduate emphasis on systems approach
Master of Engineering in Systems Engineering began
in the Fall 0f 2008
M.S. and Ph.D. in Systems Engineering with an
emphasize Energy Systems began in the Fall of 2010
52
Challenges mentioned most as keys to our
energy future:
• Create breakthroughs in approaches to integrating complex
energy systems
• Improve the energy efficiency of buildings
• Improve battery and grid level storage of energy
• Advance development of renewable energy sources
• Develop energy-efficient biofuels without compromising food
production
• Deploy cost-effective clean coal technology
• Make development of shale energy sources more sustainable
• Develop commercially viable nuclear fission and fusion
• Increase access to sufficient clean water to meet energy needs
• Implement a national energy policy
Test Beds and National Energy Policy



Develop university-level
centers and campus-level
test beds to address
industry problems
Create environments for
innovation
Contribute to National
Energy Policy by offering
key theoretical and
empirical inputs to policy
development
Concluding Thoughts
“We owe our current prosperity, security, and good health
to the investments of past generations, and we are obliged
to renew those commitments in education, research, and
innovation policies to ensure that the American people
continue to benefit from the remarkable opportunities
provided by the rapid development of the global economy
and it’s not inconsiderable underpinning in science and
technology.”
Reference: Rising Above The Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing
America for a Brighter Economic Future, National Academy of Sciences, 2005
55
We Are All In This Together
56

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