Chapter 7

Report
Chapter 7
The Respiratory System
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Overview of Structures,
Combining Forms, and Functions
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Structures of the Respiratory System
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Structures of the
Upper Respiratory Tract
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Nose
• Primary Functions
– Exchanges air during inhaling and exhaling.
– Warms, moisturizes, and filters inhaled air.
• Related Combining Forms
– nas/o
– rhino/o
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Sinuses
• Primary Functions
– Provides mucus.
– Makes bones of the skull lighter.
– Aids in sound production.
• Related Combining Form
– sinus/o
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Pharynx
• Primary Function
– Transports air to and from the nose to the trachea.
• Related Combining Form
– pharyng/o
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Larynx
• Primary Function
– Makes speech possible.
• Related Combining Form
– laryng/o
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Epiglottis
• Primary Function
– Closes off the trachea during swallowing.
• Related Combining Form
– epiglott/o
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Trachea
• Primary Function
– Transports air to and from the pharynx to the bronchi.
• Related Combining Form
– trache/o
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Bronchi
• Primary Function
– Transports air from the trachea into the lungs.
• Related Combining Forms
– bronch/o, bronchi/o
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Alveoli
• Primary Function
– Air sacs that exchange gases with the pulmonary capillary
blood.
• Related Combining Form
– alveol/o
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Animations
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Respiratory Safeguards
Click Here to play Respiratory
Safeguards animation
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Structures of the Bronchial Tree
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the Bronchial Tree animation
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Asthma
Click Here to play
Asthma animation
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Answers to Learning Exercises
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Chapter 7 Answers
Matching Word Parts 1
7.1. cyan/o
7.2. somn/o
7.3. spir/o
7.4. pharyng/o
7.5. laryng/o
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Matching Word Parts 2
7.6. pneum/o
7.7. ox/o
7.8. pleur/o
7.9. bronch/o
7.10. phon/o
Chapter 7 Answers
Matching Word Parts 3
7.11. trache/o
7.12. tachy7.13. pulmon/o
7.14. -thorax
7.15. -pnea
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Definitions
7.16. mediastinum
7.17. epiglottis
7.18. visceral pleura
7.19. frontal
7.20. bronchioles
Chapter 7 Answers
Definitions
7.21. alveoli
7.22. hemoptysis
7.23. anthracosis
7.24. tachypnea
7.25. dysphonia
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Matching Structures
7.26. nasopharynx
7.27. oropharynx
7.28. laryngopharynx
7.29. larynx
7.30. trachea
Chapter 7 Answers
Which Word?
7.31. internal respiration
7.32. byssinosis
7.33. bacterial
pneumonia
7.34. dyspnea
7.35. tracheotomy
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Spelling Counts
7.36. phlegm
7.37. empyema
7.38. pertussis
7.39. phrenic
7.40. antitussive
Chapter 7 Answers
Abbreviation
Identification
7.41. acute respiratory
distress syndrome
7.42. cystic fibrosis
7.43. functional endoscopic
sinus surgery
7.44. sudden infant death
syndrome
7.45. upper respiratory
infection
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Term Selection
7.46. aspiration
7.47. hyperventilation
7.48. tracheoplasty
7.49. exhalation
7.50. asthma
Chapter 7 Answers
Sentence Completion
7.51. apnea
7.52. laryngospasm
7.53. pneumorrhagia
7.54. pleurodynia
7.55. bronchospasm
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Word Surgery
7.56. bronch/o, -rrhea
7.57. or/o, -pharynx
7.58. poly-, somn/o,
-graphy
7.59. pneum/o, -rrhagia
7.60. rhin/o, -rrhea
Chapter 7 Answers
True/False
7.61. False
7.62. True
7.63. False
7.64. True
7.65. True
Clinical Conditions
7.66. cystic fibrosis
7.67. pleurectomy
7.68. laryngoplasty
7.69. bronchodilator
7.70. influenza
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Chapter 7 Answers
Clinical Conditions
7.71. epistaxis
7.72. hemothorax
7.73. septoplasty
7.74. bronchitis
7.75. tracheostomy
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Which Is the Correct
Medical Term?
7.76. pleurisy
7.77. sputum
7.78. cyanosis
7.79. laryngoplegia
7.80. Cheyne-Stokes
respiration
Chapter 7 Answers
Challenge Word
Building
7.81. pharyngorrhea
7.82. pneumonitis
7.83. laryngologist
7.84. laryngorrhagia
7.85. pharyngolaryngitis
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7.86. tracheostenosis
7.87. bronchoplasty
7.88. epiglottitis
7.89. tracheobronchoscopy
7.90. bronchoplegia
Chapter 7 Answers
Labeling Exercises
7.91. nasopharynx
7.92. oropharynx
7.93. laryngopharynx
7.94. intercostal
7.95. bronchus
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7.96. nasal
7.97. epiglottis
7.98. trachea
7.99. left
7.100. alveolar

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