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Delia Coloma 9-5 Perpendicular bisector theorem: This theorem says that if there is a point on the perpendicular bisector, then the distance will be the same from the endpoints of the segment. Converse of the p.b.t: The converse says that if the distance is the same from the endpoints of the segment then it is on the perpendicular bisector. Angle bisector theorem: This theorem says that if a point is on the bisector of an angle, then it will have the same measure from the sides of the angle. Converse of A.B.T: if a point in the interior of the angle has the same distance then it is on the bisector of an angle. CONVERSE OF THE ANGLE BISECTOR THEOREM Concurrency is when three or more lines intersect at a point. There are many types of them. Intersect at one point In the circumcenter theorem you will see that the three perpendicular bisectors of the triangle are concurrent. The circumcenter theorem says that the circumcenter of a triangle has the same distance from the vertices of the triangle. Where perpendicular bisectors meet! Right triangles: Acute triangles: Obtuse angles: A median of a triangle is a segment on which one endpoint is a vertex and the other is the midpoint of the other/opposite side. The incenter of a triangle has the same distance from the sides to the triangle. THE INCENTER WILL ALWAYS BE INSIDE OF THE TRIANGLE. Were the angle bisectors meet! It can be useful when putting something in the middle of highways. Right triangle: Acute tiangle: Obtuse triangle: Centroid: the point of concurrency of the three medians of a triangle. It balances it so its distance from the vertex to the other is doubled. Centroid theorem: states that the centroid of a triangle is located 2/3 of the distance from a vertex to the midpoint of the opposite side. Can be helpful when building something so that it is balanced. This means that it is the point on which the medians intersect. A perpendicular segment from the vertex to the opposite side line. TRIANGLES HAVE 3 ALTITUDES It can be inside, outside or on it. The two lines containing the altitudes are concurrent to the line intersecting. Concurrency of altitudes in a triangle means/is the point where the altitudes intersect. A segment that joins the midpoints of two sides of a triangle. TRIANGLES HAVE 3 AND THEY FORM A MIDSEGMENT TRIANGLE. The midsegment of a triangle is parallel to the opposite side of the triangle, and it is half its size. 2 in 4 in 10 cm if two sides of a triangle are not congruent, then the larger angle is opposite the longer side. If two angles of a triangle are not congruent, then the longer side is opposite the larger angle. This means that the non-adjacent interior angles are smaller than the exterior angle. When you add them up you get the measure of the exterior angle. A 60 60 B C 120 70 70 140 80 40 40 C This theorem says that the sum of any two sides of a triangle is greater that the other side. X A WY<WY+YX B AC+CB > AB U TU+TV>UV W Y T 6 V C CA+AB>CB A B Indirect proofs are used when something is not possible to be proved directly. STEPS WHEN DOING AN IDIRECT PROOF: 1. Assume that what you are proving is false. 2. Use that as your given, and start proving it. 3. When you come to a contradiction you have proved its true. Prove: a triangle cannot have 2 right triangles. statements reasons Assume a triangle has 2 right triangles <1+<2 Given m<1= m<2 = 90 Def. of Right triangle m<1+ m<2 = 180 Substitution m<1+ m<2 + m<3= 180 Triangle sum theorem M<3=0 Contradiction So it cannot have 2 right angles. Write an indirect proof that the supplementary of an acute angle cannot be an acute angle. statements reasons Assuming that the supp. of an acute < is an acute <. Given 2 <´s added= 180 Def of supplementary Acute < less than 90 Def of acute Angle addition property contradiction So the supplement of an acute angle cannot be an acute <. Prove: A triangle has two obtuse angles. Statements reasons Assume a triangle has 2 obtuse angles <1+<2 given <1=<2= 91+ Def of obtuse angle <1+<2=182+ substitution A triangle´s angles only measure up to 180 contradiction A triangle cannot have 2 obtuse angles. BC>EF This theorem says that if two sides of a triangle are congruent to two sides of another and the included angles are not, then the long third side is across from the larger included angle. BC>DF ED>AB If two sides if a triangle are congruent to another two sides of other triangle and the third sides are not congruent, then the larger included angle is across from the third side. M<EFD > M<ACB M<BAC > M<EDF m<BAC > m<DEF It is called the Theorem 5-8-1 it states that in a 45-45-90 triangle both legs are congruent, the length of the hypotenuse us the length of a leg times √2. To do it just multiply a leg times √2. Your answer could be in radical form. Radical= √ x find the value of x x 5 7 7x√2= 7√2 X= 7√2 5 5x √2= 5√2 X= 5√2 9√2 x x 9√2 /√2 = 9 X= 9 7 It is called the theorem 5-8-2, it says that the length of a hypotenuse is 2 times the length of the shorter leg. The length of the longer leg is the length of the shorter leg times √3. 18 Not drawn in scale 9√3 9 √3 12 6 6√3 7 7√3 14