IBM Cloud Computing Reference Architecture

Report
Ivanov S.Val.*, Oleynikov A.Ya**.
*Russian New University (RosNOU)
105005, Moscow, Radio st, 22
**Institution of Russian academy of sciences Kotel’nikov Institute of Radio Engineering
and Electronics RAS
125009, Moscow, Mokhovaya st., 11,buld. 7


Grant RFBR 12-07-00261-а
«Development and application of
interoperability support methods in
Grid technologies and cloud
computing»
Program Prezidium RAS №13
As it’s known distributed computing is a
method of the solution of labor-consuming
computing tasks with use of several
computers more often integrated in the
parallel computing system.
Grid и Cloud computing are the form of the
distributed computing and represent purely
heterogeneous environment
Grid - the coordinated, opened and
standardized environment which provides the
flexible,
safe,
coordinated
division
of
resources within the virtual
organization.*
* Ian Foster, Carl Kesselman “The Anatomy of the Grid”
Cloud computing is a model for enabling
convenient, on-demand network access to a
shared
pool
of
configurable
computing
resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage,
applications, and services)
that can be rapidly
provisioned and
released with minimal
management effort
or service provider
interaction.*
*NIST Definition of Cloud Computing



Heterogeneous environment
Using as a common Internet communication
environment
There’s an “interoperability problem”
The ability of two or more systems or
components to exchange information and to
use
the
information
that
has
been
exchanged.*
It is reached by means of use of the
coordinated sets of IT standards – profiles.
*(ISO/IEC FCD24765-Systems and Software
Engineering-Vocabulary)

In the world:
 Open Grid Forum (OGF) Standards ( nearly 200
documents)

In Russia:
 The first national standard GOST R «Job
Submission Description Language (JSDL)» is in
the stage of affirming (IRE RAS)
 The second national standard GOST R «The
Model of the opened Grid environment» is in
the stage of development (IRE RAS)

In the world:
 Large number of organizations all over the world
working in this field (e.g. The Cloud Computing
Interoperability Forum (CCIF))

In Russia - Mincomsvyaz RF:
 Federal program «Information society»
 Subprogram «National platform for distributed
data processing» is developed
 The consortium for development of standards is
organized
THE CLOUD COMPUTING INTEROPERABILITY FORUM
The Cloud Computing Interoperability Forum (CCIF) was formed in order to enable
a global cloud computing ecosystem whereby organizations are able to seamlessly
work together for the purposes for wider industry adoption of cloud computing
technology and related services. A key focus will be placed on the creation of a
common agreed upon framework / ontology that enables the ability of two or more
cloud platforms to exchange information in an unified manor.
Mission
CCIF is an open, vendor neutral, not for profit community of technology advocates,
and consumers dedicated to driving the rapid adoption of global cloud computing
services. CCIF shall accomplish this by working through the use open forums
(physical and virtual) focused on building community consensus, exploring emerging
trends, and advocating best practices / reference architectures for the purposes of
standardized cloud computing.

Open Grid Forum – 2 standards:
 - GFD-P-R183 «Open Сloud Сomputing Interface СORE»
 - GFD-P-R184 «Open Cloud Computing Interface Infrastructure»

IEEE - 2 standards:
 IEEE P2301, Draft Guide for Cloud Portability and
Interoperability Profiles
 IEEE P2302, Draft Standard for Intercloud
Interoperability and Federation
Basic provisions
(Framework)
Contain basic provisions on achievement of
interoperability.
Architecture
Uniquely identifying of elements of system
and communications in between and with
environment
Reference model of
interoperability
Development of known reference 7-level
model of correlation of open systems (GOST P
7498-1-99).
Profile
The coordinated set of standards for the
reference model of interoperability structured
in terms
Testing
Assessment of compliance of implementation
to the standards specified in a profile of
interoperability
Realization
Hardware-software implementation of specific
interoperabely system according to an
interoperability profile.


Must contain short descriptions of all above
mentinoned stages
Must be affirmed by Mincomsvyaz
Cloud4SOA - http://www.cloud4soa.eu/
Objective: CLOUD4SOA focuses on resolving the interoperability
and portability issues that exist in current Clouds infrastructures
and on introducing a user-centric approach for applications which
are built upon and deployed using Cloud resources. To this end,
Cloud4SOA aims to combine three fundamental and complementary
computing paradigms, namely Cloud computing, Service Oriented
Architectures and lightweight semantics to propose a reference
architecture and deploy fully operational prototypes.

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
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DMTF Cloud Service Reference Architecture –
http://www.dmtf.org/sites/default/files/standards/documents/DSPIS0102_1.0.0.pdf
IBM Cloud Computing Reference Architecture –
https://www.opengroup.org/cloudcomputing/uploads/40/23840/CCRA
.IBMSubmission.02282011.doc
NIST Cloud Computing Reference Architecture –
http://collaborate.nist.gov/twiki-cloudcomputing/pub/CloudComputing/ReferenceArchitectureTaxonomy/NIST
_CC_Reference_Architecture_v1_March_30_2011.pdf
Open Cloud Standards Incubator –
http://www.dmtf.org/standards/cloud
Cloud Work Group – http://www.opengroup.org/cloudcomputing/
CISCO Cloud Reference Architecture Framework –
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/solutions/collateral/ns340/ns517/ns224/
ns836/ns976/white_paper_c11-617239.html


General reference models:
 Cloud Computing Use Case Discussion Group
 Distributed Management Task Force (DMTF)
 Cloud Security Alliance
 IBM Cloud Reference Architecture
 GSA: FCCI (Federal Cloud Computing Initiative)
 Cisco Cloud Reference Architecture Framework
Reference models focusing on specific application
requirements :
 Open Security Architecture: Secure Architecture
Models
 SNIA standard: Cloud Data Management Interface
 Elastra: A Cloud Technology Reference Model for
Enterprise Clouds
IEEE Project
P2301 - Guide for Cloud Portability and
Interoperability Profiles (CPIP)
Working Group: CPWG/2301_WG - Cloud
Profiles WG (CPWG) Working Group
Sponsor: C/CCSC - Cloud Computing
Standards Committee
Society: C - IEEE Computer Society



Cloud computing is purely a heterogeneous
environment
There arises the problem of interaction of its
constituent systems, known as
"interoperability problem“
Based on a uniform approach it is necessary:





to create the Interoperability Framework
to choose architecture and model
to build profile of standards
standards must be national, but harmonized with
international
We invite all interested party for cooperation!
Contacts:


Prof. A.Ja. Oleynikov
 [email protected]
Postgraduate, Ivanov S.Val.
 [email protected]

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