Russia: the way from electronic to open government Dr. Vladimir Drozhzhinov Chairman, E-government competence center Moscow, Russia, [email protected] Content • State program of Information Society (IS) development in Russia • Information and communications technologies (ICT) as IS enabling technology • Russian E-government: all-Russian SOA infrastructure (3-tiers system of interagency communications)+ unified federal government eservices portal + 83 regional government e-services portals + all Russian network of multifunctional centers (MFC) with static and mobile service offices • Russian open government: transparent, inclusive and accountable to citizens, enabled by eGovernment State program of Information Society development in Russia in 2011-2020 A long term state target program which aims to foster the use of ICT by citizens and organizations providing equal access to open government information resources, development of public digital content, implementation of innovative technologies and radical transformation of the state management while also building trusted and secure national and transborder information space. Key government documents considering IS development in Russia (validity date) The national action plan for open government development in 2013 The Russian Federation national action plan on joining to the global initiative "Open Government Partnership" in 2013-2014 Strategy for IS development in Russia (2015) Main directions of federal government activities (2018) State program of IS development in Russia (2011-2020) (2020) Forecast of long term social and economic development of Russia 4 (2030) Key Players of State program of Information Society development in Russia in 2011-2020 Program operator: Ministry of telecom and mass communications of the Russian Federation E-Government national infrastructure single designer, developer and operator: Rostelecom OJSC Rostelecom Group is Russia’s largest national telecommunications operator with presence in all 83 Russian regions. The Group is a universal operator and undisputable leader of broadband and pay-TV markets in Russia with over 9 million fixed-line broadband subscribers and over 6 million pay-TV subscribers. The Group is also an important innovator that provides solutions in the field of Emedicine, E-Government, cloud computing and Eeducation. Major Groups’ stakeholder – Russian government • 6 State program is the tool for IS strategy realization 2009 2011 2015 2020 Strategy for IS development in Russia Plan for strategy realisation State program of IS development in Russia (2011-2020) ICT deployment in education and science and ICT-professionals education Quality of citizens' life and business development ecosystem ICT deployment in health and social services ICT deployment in culture e-Government development (since 2011 – open gov.) Стратегия развития информационного общества ICT-industry development Bridging digital gap between 83 federation’s subjects Open e-Governance Russian ICT-market development Bridging digital gap and building base IS’ infrastructure Telco infrastructure development Safety in IS ICT deployment for life safety Digital multimedia and cultural heritage 2009 202011 6 2015 2020 Russian Federation — Key Geographical Data influencing ICT-infrastructure expansion • • • • • • • • Capital — Moscow Russia is located in the eastern part of Europe and in the northern part of Asia Total area —17,098.2 thousand km² As of 1 January 2010: – agricultural acreage amounted to 13% of the total area, – Forests — 51 %, – surface waters (including marsh) — 13% Population as of 1 January 2012 -143,030.1 thousand people Density of the population as of 1 January 2012 — 8.3 people per km² Maximum length, thousand km: – Longitudinal direction — 4 – Latitudinal direction — 9 Administrative structure: – Number of Federal administrative districts – 8 (see map) – Number of Russian Federation subjects – 83 – Municipalities – circa 24,000 Russian e-Government infrastructure Unified government services portal usage as of September 2012 • Number of registered users ->3,000,000 • Number of government services presented in the portal -- >61,000 including >3,700 eservices • Number of portal visits since portal start of operation at the end of 2009 ->200,000,000 • Number of services requests processed by the federal system of interagency communications – >340,000,000 All Russian network of multifunctional centers (MFC) with static and mobile service offices Building MFC Network as part of public administration reform initiative 2006 – Start of the reform coordinated by RF Ministry for economic development with goals: results based budgeting introduction in governments of all levels, formalization of its’ functions and services as administrative regulations, anticorruption regulation introduction. 2007 – 1. The idea of MFC coined out (compare with «Рoupatempo» citizen's service centers in Brazil). 2. 18 regional MFC pilot projects were funded by federal government. 3. TOR development for MFC in residences (cities, villages etc.) with different populations numbers. 2008 till now – MFC Network is the national initiative with participants from all regions and municipalities, coordinated by RF Ministry for economic development. MFC stakeholders in regions of Russia MFC charterer Region’s Administration (Government) Citizens MFC Regional system of interagency communications Businesses Users of government and municipal services: RF citizen, foreign citizen, person without citizenship or organization who applied directly in person or through it’s representative for a government or municipal service Regional offices of federal government bodies Municipal Administration (Local government) MFC features MFC consists of front and back office These offices could be located in one building or may be separated and connected by communication lines Front office could be static or mobile MFC front office could be stand alone, collocated with “Russian Mail” or “Russian Saving Bank” service office In 2013 MFC Network will give access to government and municipal services for 20 % of RF citizens; in 2014 - 40 %; and in 2015 год - 90 % Static and mobile service offices Yakutija-Saha Region Tomskiy Region National Cloud Platform, https://www.o7.com/ Emerging Model: Open Government. Lower Costs – Better Results 1. OPEN GOVERNMENT = E-GOVERNMENT THIRD GENERATION (EGOV 3G) 2. OPEN GOVERNMENT = ICT-ENABLED GOVERNMENT TRANSFORMATION INTO OPEN, PARTICIPATORY, ACCOUNTABLE AND CITIZEN-DRIVEN GOVERNMENT 3. OPEN GOVERNMENT DOES NOT REPLACE E-GOVERNMENT BUT BUILDS ON IT Open Government Ecosystem: Key Components Regulations on open data and open government in Russia • • • Decision of the Presidium of the Presidential Council for the Development of the Information Society from September 2, 2011 “On freedom of access to federal, regional and municipal information” http://ictgov.ru/upload/iblock/648/648 5daa93751de564e9c31dfc16d0d2c.pd f Presidents Executive Order № 601 of 7 May, 2012 “On Main Directions of Developing the System of Public Administration” -- in English http://eng.kremlin.ru/acts/3769, in Russian http://kremlin.ru/acts/15239 On March 6, 2013 WG “Open government data counsel” was established as part of Government commission for coordination of Russian Open Government activities -http://открытыеданные.большоепр авительство.рф/ • On May 21, 2012 Russian President Vladimir Putin appointed Mikhail Abyzov to position of Minister without portfolio responsible for Open Government -http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mikhail_A byzov • On September 26, 2012 Russian government approved the list of members of Government commission for coordination of Russian Open Government activities with Dmitry Medvedev as the commission’s Chairman and Mikhail Abyzov as vice-Chairman -- • On July 26, 2012 Russian government approved the list of members of the Experts' counsel under Russian government -- Russian open government portal -- http://большоеправительство.рф/ First international conference on open government http://конференция.большоеправительство.рф/en/ Some Open data sites in Russia Open data pages on portals of some RF federal government bodies: • Ministry of Education and Science -- минобрнауки.рф/открытые-данные • Ministry Of Economic Development -- www.economy.gov.ru/opendata/ , http://zakupki.gov.ru • Overseeing Service for Education Organizations -www.obrnadzor.gov.ru/ru/about/information_systems/opendata/ • Ministry for Communications and Mass media -http://minsvyaz.ru/ru/directions/?regulator=129 Open data pages on portals of some RF regional government s: Moscow government – data.mos.ru Open Region portal of Tul’skaya Region: http://openregion71.ru/ Open budgets pages Moscow government -- http://budget.mos.ru/ Committee for citizens initiatives – http://budget4me.ru Open data on portals of some RF NGO organizations: Open data hub -- hub.opengovdata.ru. What next? Smart government of Russia? Source: Gartner It was “Russia: the way from electronic to open government ” by Vladimir Drozhzhinov Thank you for your attention! In this presentation information from portals of RF Ministry for communication and mass media, RF Ministry for economic development and RF Minister of open government is used.