Holocaust Sub-Genre by Sarah Sullivan

Sarah Sullivan---Libr. 264 Tween
Children’s Literature
Wonder Woman takes on the
Traditional literature for
children/tweens features a
young protagonist who,
through her struggles,
emerges stronger, wiser, and
hopeful about the future.
Struggles must lead to
True of both biography and
(Pictured): 54 Children
found alive at the liberation
of Bergen-Belsen.
Overall Europe: Of 1.5
million Jewish children under
16 in 1939, 175,000 survived
the war.
Poland: Of 1 million Jewish
children under 14 in 1939,
5000 were alive in 1945.
Early Biographical Literature
Amusement and
(Pictured): Millie Perkins as Anne
Frank in 1959 movie.
“…Anne Frank’s diary
simply bubbles with
amusement, love, and
discovery…it is a warm and
stirring confession to be read
over and over again.” --- New
York Times 1952 , Book
Early versions of Anne Frank’s diary
deliberately removed overt references to
her Jewish identity.
Thanks To My Mother (2000)
Schoschana Rabinovici
Short, picture book.
Pencil drawings
combined with simple
Overly positive representations trivialize
Overly negative representations may not be
appropriate for children.
Necessary to find a balance
The Devil’s
Arithmetic (1990)
Uses elements of science
fiction to tell protagonist’s
Teenage girl travels back in
time, finds herself
transformed into a Jewish girl
on her way to Auschwitz.
Able to combine hopeful
ending with more realistic
portrait of Holocaust.
Han Nolan (1994)
Comatose adolescent
neo-Nazi finds herself
trapped in Holocaust
survivor’s memory.
Darker than “Devil’s
Subdued hope at end:
no longer neo-Nazi,
but still confused.
Jordan, S. D., (2004) Educating Without Overwhelming: Authorial
Strategies in Children's Holocaust Literature. Children's Literature in
Education, 35 (3), 199–218. Retrieved at:
Kertzer, A. (2000). Like a Fable, Not a Pretty Picture: Holocaust
Representation in Robert Benigni and Anita Lobel. Michigan Quarterly
Review, 39 (2). Retrieved From: http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/textidx?cc=mqr;c=mqr;c=mqrarchive;idno=act2080.0039.213;rgn=main;view=text;xc=1;g=mqrg
Martin, M. J., (2004) Experience and Expectations: The Dialogic Narrative
of Adolescent Holocaust Literature, Children’s Literature Association
Quarterly, 29 (4). Retrieved at:
Tal, E., (2004). How much Should We Tell the Children? Representing
Death and Suffering in Children’s Holocaust Literature. Retrieved at:
Frank, Anne. Anne Frank: The Diary of a
Young Girl. New York: Doubleday, 1952
Nolan, Han. If I Should Die Before I Wake.
New York: Harcourt, 1994.
Rabinovici, Schoschana. Thanks To My Mother.
New York: Dial Books, 1998.
Vander Zee, Ruth. Erika’s Story. South Bend:
Creative Edition, 2003.
Yolen, Jane. The Devil’s Arithmetic. 1988. New
York: Puffin, 1990.

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