Latin II Unit 3 Readings

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Latin II Unit 3 Readings
In Catilinam (Evidence and Confession)
- Cicero
Sit denique scriptum in fronte unius cuiusque quid de re publicā sentiat; nam rem publicam laboribus
consiliisque meis ex igne atque ferro ereptam esse videtis. Haec iam exponam breviter ut scire possitis
et quanta et quā ratione investigata et comprehensa sint. Semper providi quo modo in tantis insidiis
salvi esse possemus. Omnes dies consumpsi ut viderem quid coniurati agerent. Denique litteras
intercipere potui quae ad Catilinam a Lentulo aliisque coniuratis missae erant. Tum, coniuratis
comprehensis et senatu convocato, ostendi litteras Lentulo et quaesivi cognosceretne signum. Dixit se
cognoscere; sed primo dubitavit et negavit se de his rebus responsurum esse. Mox autem ostendit
quanta esset vis conscientiae; nam repente mollitus est atque omnem rem narravit. Tum ceteri
coniurati sic furtim inter se aspiciebant ut non ab aliis indicari sed indicare se ipsi viderentur.
• investigo, -are, -avi, -atum - to investigate
• insidae, -arum, f. pl. - plot, treachery
• salvus, -a, -um - safe
• coniuratus, -i, m. - conspirator
• signum, -i, n. - here = seal (of a letter)
• repente, adv. - suddenly
• mollio, mollire, mollivi, mollitum - to soften
• furtim, adv. - stealthily, secretly
• indico, -are, -avi, -atum - to accuse
In Catilinam (Evidence and Confession)
- Cicero
Finally, it should be written on the forehead of each one what he feels about
the republic; for you see that the republic has been snatched by my labors
and plans from fire and iron. I will explain these things now briefly so that
you are able to know both by how much and by what reasoning they were
investigated and captured. I always foresaw how we are able to be safe in
such great treachery. I spent every day so that I saw what the conspirators
were doing. Finally, I was able to intercept letters which had been sent to
Catiline from Lentulus and other conspirators. Then, with the conspirators
having been apprehended and with the senate having been assembled, I
showed the letters to Lentulus and I asked him does he recognize the sign. He
said that he recognized it; but at first he hesitated and denied that he would
respond about these things. Soon however I showed how much power of
common knowledge there was; for suddenly he softened and he told the
whole matter. Then the rest of the conspirators secretly were looking around
themselves in such a way that they themselves were not seeming to be
accused by the others but to accuse themselves.
In Catilinam (Evidence and Confession)
- Cicero
Sit denique scriptum (in fronte) unius cuiusque II
quid (de re publicā) sentiat;
1.
2.
3.
4.
Why is sit scriptum subjunctive?potential
perfect
What tense is sit scriptum?
indirect question
Why is sentiat subjunctive?
present
What tense is sentiat?
In Catilinam (Evidence and Confession)
- Cicero
nam rem publicam (laboribus consiliisque meis)
(ex igne atque ferro) ereptam esse videtis.
1. What is the use of the ablative ablative of
in laboribus consillisque meis?
means
2. What tense and voice is
perfect passive
ereptam esse?
3. What type of construction does indirect…
videtis start?
statement
In Catilinam (Evidence and Confession) - Cicero
Haec iam exponam breviter ||ut scire possitis et quanta et
quā ratione investigata et comprehensa sint.
1. What tense is exponam?
future
2. What part of speech is breviter? adverb
3. What type of subjunctive comes purpose clause
after the ut?
complementary
4. What type of infinitive is scire?
neuter
5. What gender is the subject of
both investigata (sint) and comprensa
sint?
In Catilinam (Evidence and Confession) - Cicero
Semper providi ||quo modo (in tantis insidiis) salvi esse
possemus.
1. Why is possemus subjunctive?
2. What tense is possemus?
indirect ?
imperfect
In Catilinam (Evidence and Confession) - Cicero
Omnes dies consumpsi ||ut viderem ||quid coniurati
agerent.
1. What tense is consumpsi?
2. What type of subjunctive is
ut viderem?
3. What type of subjunctive is
quid…agerent?
4. What tense is viderem?
perfect
purpose clause
indirect question
imperfect
In Catilinam (Evidence and Confession) - Cicero
Denique litteras intercipere potui || quae (ad Catilinam) (a
Lentulo aliisque coniuratis) missae erant.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
What tense is potui?
What is the antecedent of quae?
What type of accusative is Catilinam?
What type of infinitive is intercipere?
What tense and voice is intercipere?
What tense and voice is missae erant?
perfect
litteras
place to which
complementary
present active
pluperfect passive
In Catilinam (Evidence and Confession) - Cicero
Tum, (coniuratis comprehensis et senatu convocato), ostendi
litteras Lentulo ||et quaesivi ||cognosceretne signum.
1. What is coniuratis…convocato?
ablative absolute
2. What is the case and use of Lentulo? dative indirect obj
3. What does the –ne on cognosceretne do?make it a question
4. Why is cognosceretne subjunctive?
indirect question
5. What is the signum that he is
a seal used to sign
recognizing?
a letter
In Catilinam (Evidence and Confession) - Cicero
Dixit se cognoscere; || sed primo dubitavit || et negavit ||se
(de his rebus) responsurum esse.
1. What is the case and use of se?
2. What is the tense and voice of
responsurum esse?
accusative subject
future active
In Catilinam (Evidence and Confession) - Cicero
Mox autem ostendit || quanta esset vis conscientiae; || nam
repente mollitus est || atque omnem rem narravit.
1. Is esset ST/TA or TB ostendit.
1. What is the case and use of
conscientiae?
ST/TA, secondary
sequence
genitive of
possession
In Catilinam (Evidence and Confession) - Cicero
Tum ceteri coniurati sic furtim (inter se) aspiciebant || ut
non (ab aliis) indicari || sed indicare se ipsi viderentur.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
What tense is aspiciebant?
What is the case and use of aliis?
What is the tense and voice of indicari?
What is the case and use of se?
What is the case and use of ipsi?
imperfect
ablative of agent
present passive
accusative subject
nominative
subject
Pro Cluentio (Nervousness of Even a
Great Orator) - Cicero
Ego dehinc ut responderem surrexi. Quā sollicitudine animi
surgebam - di immortales - et quo timore! Semper quidem
magno cum metu incipio dicere. Quotienscumque dico, mihi
videor in iudicium venire non solum ingenii sed etiam virtutis
atque officii. Tum vero ita sum perturbatus ut omnia
timerem. Denique me collegi et sic pugnavi, sic omni ratione
contendi ut nemo me neglexisse illam causam putaret.
• sollicitudo, sollicitudinis, f. - anxiety
• quotienscumque, adv. - whenever
• iudicium, -i, n. - trial
• non solum…sed etiam = not only…but also
• ingenium, -i, n. - nature, innate talent
• perturbo, -are, -avi, -atum - to disturb, confuse
Pro Cluentio (Nervousness of Even a
Great Orator) - Cicero
From here I rose to respond. With what anxiety I
was rising – immortal gods- and with what fear!
Indeed I always begin to speak with great fear.
Whenever I speak, I seem to myself to come into
trial not only of character but also of virtue and
duty. Then truly I am so confused that I fear
everything. At last I collected myself and I
fought in such a way I struggled with every
reasoning in such a way that no one thought
that I had neglected to that case.
Pro Cluentio (Nervousness of Even a Great Orator) - Cicero
Ego dehinc [ut responderem] surrexi. (Quā sollicitudine
animi) surgebam - di immortales - et (quo timore)!
1. What is the case and use of ego?
2. What is the case and use of animi?
3. What is the mood, tense, and voice
of responderem?
4. What is the case and use of di?
nominative subject
genitive possession
indicative, imperfect,
active
vocative
Pro Cluentio (Nervousness of Even a Great Orator) - Cicero
Semper quidem (magno cum metu) incipio dicere.
Quotienscumque dico, || mihi videor (in iudicium) venire non
solum ingenii sed etiam virtutis atque officii.
1.
2.
3.
4.
What is the case and use of metu?
What is the case and use of iudicium?
Translate in.
What is the case of officii?
ablative of manner
acc. place to which
into
genitive
Pro Cluentio (Nervousness of Even a Great Orator) - Cicero
Tum vero ita sum perturbatus || ut omnia timerem. Denique
me collegi || et sic pugnavi, || sic (omni ratione) contendi
||ut nemo [me neglexisse illam causam] putaret.
1. What is the mood, tense, and voice
of sum pertrubatus?
1. Why is timerem subjunctive?
2. What is the tense and voice
of neglexisse?
4. What is the case and use of me?
5. Why is putaret subjunctive?
indicative, perfect,
passive
result clause
perfect active
accusative subject
result clause
Poem 85 (I love her…I love her not) Catullus
Odi et amo! Quare id faciam fortasse requiris.
Nescio, sed fieri sentio et excrucior.
• odi, odisse, osurus - hate (perfect tense only,
cf. memini)
• quare (quā + re), adv. - why (literally = for
what reason)
• fortasse, adv. - perhaps
• excrucio, -are, -avi, -atum - to torment, crucify
Poem 85 (I love her…I love her not) Catullus
I hate and I love! Why do I do it perhaps you
ask?
I don’t know, but I feel that it happens and I am
tortured.
Poem 85 (I love her…I love her not) - Catullus
Odi et amo! Quare id faciam fortasse requiris.
Nescio, sed fieri sentio et excrucior.
1. Why is odi translated in the present?
2. What type of subjunctive is faciam?
3. What is the mood, tense, and voice
of requiris?
4. What is type of infinitive is fieri?
defective verb
indirect question
indicative, present,
active
indirect statement

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